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XXXII.—The Canonbie Coalfield: its Geological Structure and Relations to the Carboniferous Rocks of the North of England and Central Scotland*

  • B. N. Peach and J. Horne

Extract

The Canonbie Coalfield occupies a small tract of ground between the Liddel Water and the river Esk in the south-east part of the county of Dumfries. Though of limited extent, the coalfield has aroused considerable interest, due partly to the important series of plants obtained from the beds, and partly to the questions bearing on the correlation of the Carboniferous rocks of the Scottish Border with those in the North of England and Central Scotland.

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page 835 note † Trans. North of England Inst. of Mining Engineers, vol. xi. p. 65, 1861–2.

page 836 note * Memoirs of the Lit. and Phil. Soc. of Manchester, third series, vol. ii. p. 343: also an abstract of same paper, Proc. of the Lit. and Phil. Soc. of Manchester, vol iii. p. 162.

page 836 note † Note on the Upper Coal-measures of Canonbie, Dumfriesshire,” by Binney, E. W., Proc. of the Lit. and Phil. Soc. of Manchester, vol. xvi. p. 162.

page 837 note * “Report on Fossil Plants collected by the Geological Survey of Scotland in Eskdale and Liddisdale,” Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., vol. xxx. p. 531.

page 838 note * Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., vol. xl. pp. 741–833.

page 845 note * Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., vol. xl. pp. 687.

page 846 note * The list of fished from Glencartholm given by Dr Traquair in his paper already referred to has been embodied in the above list.

page 858 note * Usually 4 feet 10 inches, with 4 inches metal.

page 858 note † Usually 3 feet thick.

page 859 note * Summary of Progress, H.M. Geological Survey, 1902, p. 214. Trans. Roy. Soc. Edin., vol. xl. pp. 741–833.

page 865 note * The lamellibranchs from the recks of the Canonbie coalfield have been examined by Dr Wheelton Hind, who is of opinion that they confirm the evidence obtained from the plant-remains that the strata in which they occur belong to the Coal-measures,—Summary of Progress, Geological Survey for 1902, p. 137.

page 869 note * Mem. Geol. Surv.,—Geology of the Country round Otterburn and Elsdon, p. 10.

page 869 note † Ibid., Geology of the Coast south of Berwick-on-Tweed, p. 4.

page 869 note ‡ Ibid., p. 17.

page 870 note * Mem. Geol. Sur.,—Geology of Coast, south of Berwick-on-Tweed, p. 16.

page 870 note † Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc., vol. vii. p. 305.

page 870 note ‡ Mem. Geol. Sur.,—Geology of Belford, Holy Island, and the Fame Islands, p. 39.

page 871 note * Mem. Geol. Sur., “The Geology of Plashetts and Kielder,” p. 36.

page 872 note * Geol. Survey, Sum of Progress for 1902, p. 121.

page 872 note † Ibid.

page 872 note ‡ Trans. Edin. Geol. Soc., vol. vii. p. 366.

page 873 note * Trans. Geol. Soc. Edin., vol. viii., part i., p. 136.

page 873 note † Memoirs of the Geol. Survey, “The Geology of East Fife,” 1902, p. 71.

page 873 note ‡ Ibid., p. 121.

page 874 note * Trans, Geol. Soc. Edin., vol. vii. p. 306.

page 874 note † We wish to acknowledge the valuable assistance rendered by Mr A. Macconochie and Mr D. Tait in the preparation of the fossil lists embodied in this paper and the list of papers referring to the geology of the districts under review.

* Communicated by permission of the Director of H.M. Geological Survey.

XXXII.—The Canonbie Coalfield: its Geological Structure and Relations to the Carboniferous Rocks of the North of England and Central Scotland*

  • B. N. Peach and J. Horne

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