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Fossils, function and phylogeny: Papers on early vertebrate evolution in honour of Professor Jennifer A. Clack – Introduction

  • Marcello RUTA (a1), Per E. AHLBERG (a2) and Timothy R. SMITHSON (a3)
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References

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BBC. 2012. Beautiful minds. https://www.bbc.co.uk/programmes/b01fq4yh.
Carroll, R. L. 1969. A new family of Carboniferous amphibians. Palaeontology 43, 151170.
Carroll, R. L. 1980. The hyomandibular as a supporting element in the skull of primitive tetrapods. In Panchen, A. L. (ed.) The terrestrial environment and the origin of land vertebrates, 293318. Systematics Association Special Volume 15. London: Academic Press.
Carroll, R. L., Bossy, K. A., Milner, A. C., Andrews, S. M. & Wellstead, C. F. 1998. Lepospondyli. encyclopedia of paleoherpetology, 1219. München: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.
Coates, M. I. 1996. The Devonian tetrapod Acanthostega gunnari Jarvik: postcranial anatomy, basal tetrapod relationships and patterns of skeletal evolution. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 87, 363421.
Dunne, E. & Armfield, R. 2018. The early tetrapod world: laying the foundations of the modern vertebrate fauna. The Palaeontology Newsletter 97, 6567.
Fraser, N. C. & Sues, H.-D. (eds) 2017. Terrestrial conservation lagerstätten: windows into the evolution of life on land. Edinburgh: Dunedin Academic Press.
Heatwole, H. & Carroll, R. L. (eds) 2000. Amphibian biology, 4: palaeontology. Chipping Norton: Surrey Beatty & Sons.
Jarvik, E. 1980. Basic structure and evolution of vertebrates. London and New York: Academic Press.
Panchen, A. L. 1970. Handbuch der paläoherpetologie, teil 5a, anthracosauria, 183. Stuttgart: Gustav Fischer Verlag.
Schoch, R. R. & Milner, A. R. 2000. Stereospondyli. In Wellnhofer, P. (ed.) Handbuch der paläoherpetologie, part 3: stereospondyli, 1220. München: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.
Schoch, R. R. & Milner, A. R. 2014. Handbook of paleoherpetology, part 3A2: temnospondyli I, 1150. München: Verlag Dr. Friedrich Pfeil.
Smithson, T. R. & Wood, S. P. 2009. Bridging Romer's Gap: new tetrapods from the basal Carboniferous of the Scottish Borders. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29, 183A.

6.1. Peer-reviewed papers

Ahlberg, P. E., Clack, J. A. & Luksevics, E. 1996. Rapid braincase evolution between Panderichthys and the earliest tetrapods. Nature 381, 61–4.

Ahlberg, P. E., Clack, J. A. & Blom, H. 2005. The axial skeleton of the Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega. Nature 437, 137–40.

Ahlberg, P. E., Clack, J. A., Luksevics, E., Blom, H. & Zupins, I. 2008. Ventastega curonica and the origin of tetrapod morphology. Nature 453, 1199–204.

Ahlberg, P. E. & Clack, J. A. 1998. Lower jaws, lower tetrapods: a review based on the Devonian tetrapod Acanthostega. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 89, 11–46.

Anderson, J. S., Smithson, T. R., Mansky, C., Meyer, T., Carroll, R. L. & Clack, J. A. 2015. A diverse tetrapod fauna at the base of Romer's Gap. PloS ONE 10, e0125446.

Bendix-Almgreen, S. E., Clack, J. A. & Olsen, H. 1988. Upper Devonian and Upper Permian vertebrates collected in 1987 around Kejser Frans Joseph Fjord, central East Greenland. Rapp. Grønlands geol. Unders. 40, 95–102.

Bendix-Almgreen, S. E., Clack, J. A. & Olsen, H. 1990. Upper Devonian tetrapod palaeoecology in the light of new discoveries in East Greenland. Terra Nova 2, 131–137.

Bennett, C. E., Kearsey, T. I., Davies, S. J., Millward, D., Clack, J. A., Smithson, T. R. & Marshall, J. E. A. 2016. Early Carboniferous sandy siltstones deposited in seasonal flooding episodes preserve rare non-marine fossils. Sedimentology 63, 1677–700.

Blom, H., Clack, J. A. & Ahlberg, P. E. 2005. Localities, distribution and stratigraphical context of the Late Devonian tetrapods of East Greenland. – Meddelelser om Grønland. Geosciences 43, 1–50.

Blom, H., Clack, J. A., Ahlberg P. E. & Friedman, M. 2007. Devonian vertebrates from East Greenland: a review of faunal composition and distribution. Geodiversitas 29, 119–41.

Callier, V., Clack, J. A. & Ahlberg, P. E. 2009. Contrasting ontogenetic trajectories in the earliest known tetrapod forelimbs. Science 324, 364–7.

Clack, J. A. 1983. The stapes of the Coal Measures embolomere Pholiderpeton scutigerum Huxley and otic evolution in early tetrapods. Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 79, 121–48.

Clack, J. A. 1987. Pholiderpeton scutigerum, an amphibian from the Yorkshire Coal Measures. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of London B 318, 1–107.

Clack, J. A. 1987. Two new specimens of Anthracosaurus (Amphibia: Anthracosauria) from the Northumberland Coal Measures. Palaeontology 10, 15–26.

Clack, J. A. 1988. New material of the early tetrapod Acanthostega from the Upper Devonian of East Greenland. Palaeontology 31, 699–724.

Clack, J. A. 1989. Discovery of the earliest-known tetrapod stapes. Nature 342, 425–7.

Clack, J. A. 1992. The stapes of Acanthostega gunnari and the role of the stapes in early tetrapods. In Webster, D., Fay, R. & Popper, A. N. (eds) The evolutionary biology of hearing, 405–20. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Clack, J. A. 1994. Acanthostega gunnari, a Devonian tetrapod from Greenland; the snout, palate and ventral parts of the braincase, with a discussion of their significance. Meddelelser om Grønland. Geoscience 31, 1–24.

Clack, J. A. 1994. Homologies in the fossil record – the middle ear as a test case. In Dubbeldam, J. L., Goodwin, B. C. and & Kortmulder, K. (Eds) Evolution and Development – generative and stability principles of biological form. Acta Biotheoretica 41, 391–409.

Clack, J. A. 1994. Silvanerpeton miripedes, a new anthracosauroid from the Viséan of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. In Rolfe, W. D. I., Clarkson, E. N. K. &and Panchen, A. L. (Eds) Volcanism and Early Terrestrial Biotas. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 84, 369–76.

Clack, J. A. 1994. The earliest tetrapod braincase and the early evolution of the stapes and fenestra ovalis. Nature 369, 392–4.

Clack, J. A. 1996. Otoliths in Fossil Coelacanths. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 16, 168–71.

Clack, J. A. 1996. The palate of Crassigyrinus scoticus from the Viséan of Scotland. In Milner A. R. (ed.) Studies on Carboniferous and Permian vertebrates. Special Papers in Palaeontology 52, 55–64.

Clack, J. A. 1997. Devonian tetrapod trackways and trackmakers; a review of the fossils and footprints. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 130, 227–50.

Clack, J. A. 1997. The evolution of tetrapod ears and the fossil record. Brain, Behavior and Evolution 50, 198–212.

Clack, J. A. 1998. A new Early Carboniferous tetrapod with a mélange of crown group characters. Nature 394, 66–9.

Clack, J. A. 1998. The neurocranium of Acanthostega gunnari and the evolution of the otic region in tetrapods. In A study of fossil vertebrates. Norman, D. B., Milner, A. R., & Milner, A. C. (Eds) Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society of London Volume 122, 61–97. Academic Press.

Clack, J. A. 1998. The Scottish Carboniferous tetrapod Crassigyrinus scoticus (Lydekker) – cranial anatomy and relationships. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 88, 127–42.

Clack, J. A. 2001. Eucritta melanolimnetes from the Early Carboniferous of Scotland, a stem tetrapod showing a mosaic of characteristics. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 92, 75–95.

Clack, J. A. 2001. The otoccipital region – origin, ontogeny and the fish-tetrapod transition. In: Major events in early vertebrate evolution. In Ahlberg, P. E. (ed.) Systematics Association Special. Volume 61, 392–405. London: Taylor and Francis. Chapter 23.

Clack, J. A. 2002. An early tetrapod from ‘Romers Gap'. Nature 418, 72–6.

Clack, J. A. 2002. Patterns and processes in the early evolution of the tetrapod ear. Journal of Neurobiology 53, 251–64.

Clack, J. A. 2002. The dermal skull roof of Acanthostega, an early tetrapod from the Late Devonian. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 93, 17–33.

Clack, J. A. 2003. A new baphetid (stem tetrapod) from the Upper Carboniferous of Tyne and Wear, UK, and the evolution of the tetrapod occiput. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 40, 483–98.

Clack, J. A. 2003. A revised reconstruction of the dermal skull roof of Acanthostega, an early tetrapod from the Late Devonian. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 93, 163–5.

Clack, J. A. 2005. Making headway and finding a foothold: tetrapods come ashore. In Briggs, D. E. G. (ed.) Evolving form and function: fossils and development. Peabody Museum of Natural History Special Publications, Yale University 223–44.

Clack, J. A. 2006. The emergence of early tetrapods. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 232, 167–89.

Clack, J. A. 2007. Devonian climate change, breathing, and the origin of the tetrapod stem group. Integrative and Comparative Biology 47, 510–23.

Clack, J. A. 2009. The fin to limb transition: new data, interpretations, and hypotheses from paleontology and developmental biology. Annual Review of Earth and Planetary Sciences 37, 163–79.

Clack, J. A. 2009. The fish – tetrapod transition: new fossils and interpretations. Evolution: Education and Outreach 2, 213–23.

Clack, J. A. 2011. A Carboniferous embolomere tail with supraneural radials. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 31, 1150–3.

Clack, J. A 2011. A new microsaur from the Early Carboniferous (Viséan) of East Kirkton, Scotland, showing soft tissue evidence. Special Papers in Palaeontology 86, 45–56.

Clack, J. A., Ahlberg, P. E., Finney, S. M, Dominguez Alonso, P., Robinson, J. & Ketcham, R. A. 2003. A uniquely specialised ear in a very early tetrapod. Nature 425, 65–9.

Clack, J. A., Ahlberg, P. E., Blom, H. & Finney, S. M. 2012. A new genus of Devonian tetrapod from East Greenland with new information on the lower jaw of Ichthyostega. Palaeontology 55, 73–86.

Clack, J. A., Witzmann, F., Snyder, D. & Müller, J. 2012. A colosteid-like early tetrapod from the St. Louis Limestone (Early Carboniferous, Meramecian), St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Fieldiana Life and Earth Sciences 5, 17–39.

Clack, J. A., Bennett, C. E., Carpenter, D. K., Davies, S. J., Fraser, N. C., Kearsey, T. I, Marshall, J. E. A., Millward, D., Otoo, B. K. A., Reeves, E. J., Ross, A. J., Ruta, M., Smithson, K. Z., Smithson, T. R. & Walsh, S. 2017. Phylogenetic and environmental context of a Tournaisian tetrapod fauna. Nature Ecology and Evolution. doi: 10.1038/s41559-016-0002.

Clack, J. A., Challands, T. J., Smithson, T. R. & Smithson, K. Z. 2018. Newly recognized Famennian lungfishes from East Greenland reveal dental diversity and blur the Devonian-Carboniferous boundary. Papers in Palaeontology. doi: 10.1002/spp2.1242.

Clack, J. A., Porro, L. B. & Bennett, C. E. 2018. A Crassigyrinus-like jaw from the Tournaisian (Early Mississippian) of Scotland. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 108, 37–46.

Clack, J. A., Bennett, C. E., Davies, S. J., Scott A. C., Sherwin, J. E. & Smithson, T. R. 2019. A Tournaisian (earliest Carboniferous) conglomerate-preserved non-marine faunal assemblage and its environmental and sedimentological context. PeerJ. doi: 10.7717/peerj.5972.

Clack, J. A., Ruta, M., Milner, A. R., Marshall, J. E. A., Smithson, T. R. & Smithson, K. Z. 2019. Acherontiscus caledoniae, the earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod. Royal Society Open Science.

Clack, J. A. & Ahlberg, P. E. 2004. A new stem tetrapod from the Early Carboniferous of Northern Ireland. In Arratia, G., Cloutier, R. & Wilson, M. V. H. (eds) Recent advances in the origin and early radiation of vertebrates, 309–20. Verlag Friedrich Pfeil.

Clack, J. A. & Coates, M. I. 1993. Acanthostega gunnari – our present connection. In Hoch, E. & Brantsen, A. K. (eds) Deciphering the natural world and the role of museums and collections, 39–42. Copenhagen: Geological Museum.

Clack, J. A. & Coates, M. I. 1995. Acanthostega – a primitive aquatic tetrapod? In Arsenault, M., Lelièvre & Janvier, P. (eds) Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Lower Vertebrates, Miguasha: Studies on Early Vertebrates. Bulletin de la Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris. 17, 359–72.

Clack, J. A. & Finney, S. M. 2005. Pederpes finneyae, an articulated tetrapod from the Tournaisian of western Scotland. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology 2, 311–46.

Clack, J. A. & Holmes, R. 1988. The braincase of the anthracosaur Archeria crassidisca with comments on the interrelationships of primitive tetrapods. Palaeontology 31, 85–107.

Clack, J. A. & Klembara, J. 2009 An articulated specimen of a chroniosuchid from the Late Permian of Russia. Special Papers in Palaeontology 81, 15–42.

Clack, J. A. & Milner, A. R. 1994. Platyrhinops from the Upper Carboniferous of Linton and Nýřany and the family Peliontidae (Amphibia; Temnospondyli). In Schweiss, D. & Heidtke, U. (eds) New results on permo-carboniferous fauna, Pollichia-buch No. 29, 185–92, Bad-Durkheim.

Clack, J. A. & Milner, A. R. 2010. The morphology and systematics of the Pennsylvanian amphibian Platyrhinops lyelli (Amphibia: Temnospondyli). Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh, Earth Sciences 100, 275–95.

Clack, J. A. & Milner, A. R. 2015. Basal tetrapods. Handbook of paleoherpetology. Part 3A1. Friedrich Pfeil, Munich.

Clack, J. A & Neininger, S. L. 2000. Fossils from the Celsius Bjerg Group, Upper Devonian sequence, East Greenland: significance and sedimentological distribution. In Friend P. F. & Williams, B. (eds) New perspectives on the old red sandstone, Volume 180, 557–66. Geological Society, London Special Publication.

Clément, G., Ahlberg, P. E., Blieck, A., Blom, H., Clack, J. A., Poty, E., Thorez, J. & Janvier, P. 2004. Devonian tetrapod from western Europe. Nature 427, 412–3.

Coates, M. I. & Clack, J. A. 1990. Polydactyly in the earliest known tetrapod limbs. Nature 347, 66–9.

Coates, M. I. & Clack, J. A. 1991. Fish-like gills and breathing in the earliest known tetrapod. Nature 352, 234–6.

Coates, M. I. & Clack, J. A. 1995. Romer's Gap – tetrapod origins and terrestriality. In Arsenault, M. Lelièvre & Janvier, P. (eds) Proceedings of the 7th International Symposium on Lower Vertebrates, Miguasha: Studies on Early Vertebrates. Bulletin de la Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle, Paris.17, 373–88.

Daeschler, E. B, Clack, J. A. & Shubin, N. H. 2009. Late Devonian tetrapod remains from Red Hill Pennsylvania, USA: how much diversity? In Ahlberg, P. E., Blom, H. & Boisvert, C. A. (eds.) Forty Years of early vertebrates: papers from the 11th International Symposium on Early and Lower Vertebrates. Acta Zoologica Special Issue, Supplement 90, 306–17.

Kimmel, C, Sidlauskas, B. & Clack, J. A. 2009. Linked morphological changes during palate evolution in early tetrapods. Journal of Anatomy 215, 91–109.

Klembara, J., Clack, J. A. & Cernansky, A. 2010. The anatomy of the palate of Chroniosaurus dongusensis (Chroniosuchia, Chroniosuchidae) from the Upper Permian of Russia. Palaeontology 53, 1147–53.

Klembara, J., Clack, J. A., Milner, A. R. & Ruta, M. 2014. Cranial anatomy, ontogeny, and relationships of the Late Carboniferous tetrapod Gephyrostegus bohemicus Jaekel, 1902. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 34, 774–92.

Larsen, H., Olsen, P. & Clack, J. A. 2008. The Devonian Basin in East Greenland – Review of basin evolution and vertebrate assemblages. In Higgins, A. K., Gilotti, J. A. & Smith, M. P. (eds) The Greenland Caledonides: evolution of the Northeast Margin of Laurentia. Geological Society of America Memoir 202, 273–92.

Lebedev, O. A. & Clack, J. A. 1993. Upper Devonian tetrapods from Andreyevka, Tula Region, Russia. Palaeontology 36, 721–34.

Marshall, J. E. A., Astin, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 1999. East Greenland tetrapods are Devonian in age. Geology 27, 637–40.

Molnar, J. L., Pierce, S. E., Clack, J. A. & Hutchinson, J. R. 2012. Idealized landmark-based geometric reconstructions of poorly preserved fossil material: a case study of an early tetrapod vertebra. Paleontologica Electronica 15, 1–18.

Otoo, B. K. A., Clack, J. A., Smithson, T. R., Bennett, C. E., Kearsey, T. I. & Coates, M. I. 2018. A fish and tetrapod fauna from Romer's Gap preserved in Scottish Tournaisian floodplain deposits. Palaeontology. doi: 10.1111/pala.12395.

Paton, R. L., Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 1999. An amniote-like skeleton from the Early Carboniferous of Scotland. Nature 398, 508–13.

Pierce, S. E., Clack, J. A. & Hutchinson, J. R. 2011. Comparative axial morphology in pinnipeds and its correlation with aquatic locomotory behaviour. Journal of Anatomy 219, 502–14.

Pierce, S. E., Clack, J. A. & Hutchinson, J. R. 2012. Three-dimensional limb joint mobility in the early tetrapod Ichthyostega. Nature 486, 523–6.

Pierce, S. E, Hutchinson, J. R. & Clack, J. A. 2013. Historical perspectives on the evolution of tetrapodomorph movement. Integrative and Comparative Biology 53, 209–23.

Pierce, S. E., Ahlberg, P. E., Hutchinson, J. R., Molnar, J. L., Sanchez, S., Tafforeau, P. & Clack, J. A. 2013. Vertebral architecture in the earliest stem tetrapods. Nature 494, 226–30.

Polgar, G., Malavasi, S., Cipolato, G., Georgalas, V., Clack, J. A. & Torricelli, P. 2011. Acoustic communication at the water's edge: Evolutionary insights from a mudskipper. PLoS ONE 6, e21434.

Porro, L. B., Rayfield, E. M. & Clack, J. A. 2015. Computed tomography, anatomical description and three-dimensional reconstruction of the lower jaw of Eusthenopteron foordi Whiteaves, 1881 from the Upper Devonian of Canada. Palaeontology 58, 1031–47.

Porro, L. B., Rayfield, E. J. & Clack, J. A. 2015. Descriptive anatomy and three-dimensional reconstruction of the skull of the early tetrapod Acanthostega gunnari Jarvik, 1952. PloS ONE 10, e0118882.

Richards, K. R., Sherwin, J. E., Smithson, T. R., Bennion, R. F., Davies, S. J., Marshall, J. E. A. & Clack, J. A. 2018. Diverse and durophagous: Early Carboniferous chondrichthyans from the Scottish Borders. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 108, 1–21.

Ruta, M. & Clack, J. A. 2006. A review of Silvanerpeton miripedes, a stem amniote from the Lower Carboniferous of East Kirkton, West Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 97, 31–63.

Sanchez, S., Tafforeau, P., Clack, J. A. & Ahlberg, P. E. 2016. Life history of the stem tetrapod Acanthostega revealed by synchrotron microtomography. Nature 537, 408–11.

Sharp, E. L. & Clack, J. A. 2012. Redescription of the lungfish Straitonia waterstoni from the Viséan of Lothian, Scotland. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 102, 179–89.

Sharp, E. L. & Clack, J. A. 2013. A review of the Carboniferous lungfish genus Ctenodus Agassiz, 1838 from the United Kingdom, with new data from an articulated specimen of Ctenodus interruptus. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh: Earth Sciences 104, 169–204.

Smithson, T. R., Wood, S. P., Marshall, J. E. A. & Clack, J. A. 2012. Earliest Carboniferous tetrapod and arthropod faunas from Scotland populate Romer's Gap. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, USA 109, 4532–7.

Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2013. Tetrapod appendicular skeletal elements from the Early Carboniferous of Scotland. Comptes Rendus Palevol 12, 405–17.

Smithson, T. R., Richards, K. R. & Clack, J. A. 2015. Lungfish diversity in Romer's Gap: reaction to the end-Devonian extinction. Palaeontology 59, 29–44.

Smithson, T. R., Browne, A. E., Davies, S. J., Marshall, J. E. A., Millward, D., Walsh, S. A. & Clack, J. A. 2017. A new Mississippian tetrapod from Fife, Scotland, and its environmental context. Papers in Palaeontology 3, 1–11.

Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2018. A new tetrapod from Romer's Gap reveals an early adaptation for walking. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 108, 89–97.

Sookias, R. B, Böhmer, C. & Clack, J. A. 2014. Redescription and phylogenetic analysis of the mandible of an enigmatic Late Carboniferous tetrapod from Nova Scotia and the lability of Meckelian jaw ossification. PloS ONE 9, e109717.

6.2. Accepted for publication

Challands, T. J., Smithson, T. R., Clack, J. A., Bennett, C. E., Marshall, J. E. A., Finney, S. M. & Hill, H. A Lungfish survivor of the end-Devonian extinction and an Early Carboniferous dipnoan radiation. Journal of Systematic Palaeontology.

Clack, J. A. Fossil vertebrates – Palaeozoic non-amniote tetrapods. Encyclopaedia of Geology. Update for 2019 Elsevier, Oxford 2.

6.3. Submitted manuscripts in revision

Clack, J. A., Milner, A. R., Ruta, M., Marshall, J. E. A., Smithson, T. R. & Smithson, K. Z. The earliest heterodont and durophagous tetrapod. Royal Society Open Science.

6.4. Books, book chapters and web pages

Clack, J. A. 1997. World Wide Web pages for University of Arizona ‘Tree of Life' describing the taxa Acanthostega, Ichthyostega, Crassigyrinus and the baphetid tetrapods. Updated 2006.

Clack, J. A. 2000. Gaining ground – the water to land adventure (in Japanese). Kodansha, Japan. (A commissioned semi-popular book on the emergence of tetrapods.)

Clack, J. A. 2000. The origin of tetrapods. Amphibian Biology Volume 4, Paleontology; Chapter 2. In Heatwole, H. & Carroll, R. L. (eds) Surrey Beatty. pp. 973–1029.

Clack, J. A. 2002. Gaining ground: the origin and evolution of tetrapods. Bloomington, Indiana, USA: Indiana University Press. 369 pp.

Clack, J. A. 2005. Fossil vertebrates – Palaeozoic non-amniote tetrapods. Encyclopaedia of Geology. Elsevier, Oxford 2, 468–497.

Clack, J. A. 2012. Gaining Ground second edition. Indiana University Press. ISBN 978-0-253-35675-8. 523 pp.

Clack, J. A. 2014. Fossil vertebrates – Palaeozoic non-amniote tetrapods. Reference Module in Earth Systems and Environmental Science. Elsevier. (Online update of Encyclopaedia of Geology 2005. Elsevier, Oxford 2, 468–97).

Clack, J. A. 2016. Land vertebrates, the origin and evolution of. In Kilman, R.M. (ed.) Encyclopedia of evolutionary biology, Volume 2, 296–304. Oxford: Academic Press.

Clack, J. A. 2016. Vertebrate diversity in a sensory system: the fossil record of otic evolution. In Clack, J. A., Fay R. & Popper, A. N. (eds) Evolution of the vertebrate ear: evidence from the fossil record, Volume 59, 1–16. Springer Handbook of Acoustical Research.

Clack, J. A. 2017. The East Kirkton Lagerstätte: A window onto Early Carboniferous land ecosystems. In Fraser, N. C & Sues, H. D. (eds) Terrestrial lagerstätten. Dunedin. Chapter 2, 39–64.

Clack, J. A., Sharp, E. L. & Long, J. A. 2011. The fossil record of lungfishes. In Jørgensen, J. M. & Joss, J. (eds) The biology of lungfishes, 1–42. Enfield, New Hampshire, USA: Science Publishers Inc.

Clack, J. A. & Allin, E. 2004. The evolution of single- and multiple- ossicle ears in fishes and tetrapods. In Manley, G. A., Popper, A. & Fay, R. R. (eds) Evolution of the vertebrate auditory system, 128–63. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Clack, J. A. & Ahlberg, P. E. 2016. Sarcopterygians: from lobe-finned fishes to the tetrapod stem group. In Clack, J. A., Fay R. & Popper, A. N. (eds) Evolution of the vertebrate ear: evidence from the fossil record, Volume 59, 51–70. Springer Handbook of Acoustical Research.

Clack, J. A. & Anderson, J. S. 2016. Early tetrapods: experimenting with form and function. In Clack, J. A., Fay R. & Popper, A. N. (eds) Evolution of the vertebrate ear: evidence from the fossil record, Volume 59, 71–106. Springer Handbook of Acoustical Research.

Clack, J. A & Carroll, R. L. 2000. Early Carboniferous tetrapods. In Heatwole, H. & Carroll, R. L. (eds) Amphibian biology, Volume 4, Paleontology; Chapter 3 Surrey Beatty. pp. 1030–1043.

Fraser, N. C., Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2018. A legacy in fossils: a tribute to Stan Wood – preface. Earth and Environmental Science Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh 108, 1–5.

Manley, G. A. & Clack, J. A. 2004. An outline of the evolution of vertebrate hearing organs. In Manley, G. A., Popper, A. & Fay, R. R. (eds) Evolution of the vertebrate auditory system, 1–26. New York: Springer-Verlag.

6.5. Published abstracts

Ahlberg, P. E. & Clack, J. A. 1997. The lower jaws of early tetrapods: morphology and evolution. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 17, suppl 3, p. 28A.

Ahlberg, P. E., Clack, J. A. & Blom, H. 2003. The axial skeleton of the Devonian Tetrapod Ichthyostega. In Schultze, H.-P., Luksevics, E. & Unwin, D. (eds) The Gross Symposium 2. Advances in palaeoichthyology, Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication Volume 7, pp. 7–8.

Ahlberg, P. E., Besnosov, P., Luksevics, E., & Clack, J. A. 2010. A primitive Devonian tetrapod from the Lower Famennian of South Timan. Third International Palaeontological Congress, London. Abstracts. p. 66.

Ahlberg, P. E., Beznosov, P., Lukševičs, E. & Clack, J. A. 2011. A very primitive tetrapod from the earliest Famennian of South Timan, Russia. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 31, suppl 2, p. 60A.

Anderson, J. S., Brazeau, M., Carroll, R. L. & Clack, J. A. 2009. A diverse tetrapod fauna at the base of Romer's Gap. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 29, suppl, p. 54A.

Bennet, C. E., Clack, J. A., Kearsey, T., Davies, S. J., Millward, D., Smithson, T.R., Ruta, M., Otoo, B. K. A., Marshall, J. E. A., Reeves, E. & Ross, R. 2015. Five new Tournaisian tetrapods: their sedimentology and palaeoenvironments. Palaeontological Association annual meeting, Abstracts volume. p. 18.

Bennett, C. E., Davies, S. J., Kearsey, T. I., Millward, D., Smithson, T. R., Clack, J. A., Brand, M., Ross, A. J., Clark, N. & Ruta, M. 2016. Emergence of the modern freshwater food web in the early Carboniferous. (poster) Palaeontological Association annual meeting Abstracts. p. 57.

Blom, H., Clack, J. A., Ahlberg, P. E. & Friedman, M. 2003. Devonian vertebrates from East Greenland: a review of faunal composition and distribution. In Schultze, H.-P., Luksevics, E. & Unwin, D. (eds) The Gross Symposium 2. Advances in palaeoichthyology, Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication Volume 7, 13.

Blom, H., Ahlberg, P. E. & Clack, J. A. 2005. The postcranial skeleton of the Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega from East Greenland. GFF 127, 44–45.

Bolt, J. R., Clack, J. A. & Lombard, R. E. 1994. The origin and early evolution of tetrapods: new fossil data and their interpretation. 4th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology, Chicago, Abstracts. Journal of Morphology 220, 327–28.

Callier, V. & Clack, J. A. 2007. Comparative ontogeny of the humerus of Ichthyostega and Acanthostega. Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication 10, 23.

Challands, T., Bennett, C. E., Clack, J. A., Fraser, N. C., Kearsey, T., Marshall, J. E. A., Smithson, T. R. & Walsh, S. 2015. The Tournaisian: a sarcopterygian incubator? Palaeontological Association annual meeting, Abstracts volume. p. 57.

Challands, T. J., Smithson, T. R., Clack, J. A., Marshall, J. E. A. & Bennett, C. E. 2016. Earliest Carboniferous Dipnoi: post-Hangenberg recovery and the dawn of a new era of lungfish EAVP programme and abstracts volume. p. 89.

Clack, J. A. 1989. Affinities of Acanthostega. Published Abstracts, First World Congress of Herpetology, Canterbury, Kent.

Clack, J. A. 1993. Hard evidence and terrestriality in Devonian tetrapods – an assessment. Invited abstract in ‘Paleoecology of Terrestrial Ecosystems'; Geological Society of America Annual Meeting Abstracts with Programs p. A–81.

Clack, J. A. 1993. How to tell a stapes from a hyomandibula, and homologies of the stapedial footplate; new evidence from Acanthostega. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 13, suppl 3. p. 30A.

Clack, J. A. 1993. The evolution of the fenestra ovalis and stapes in early tetrapods. 2nd World Congress of Herpetology, Adelaide – Abstracts. p. 57.

Clack, J. A. 1994. Otoliths in fossil coelacanths. 4th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology, Chicago, Abstracts. Journal of Morphology 220, 333–34.

Clack, J. A. 1997. A new tetrapod taxon from the Viséan of East Kirkton, Scotland. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 17, suppl 3, p. 38A.

Clack, J. A. 1997. Head and shoulders knees and toes – the song of the earliest tetrapods? Plenary lecture. 5th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology Bristol, Abstracts Journal of Morphology 232, 221–23.

Clack, J. A. 1997. The snout and external naris of Crassigyrinus scoticus, a primitive tetrapod from the Carboniferous of Scotland 3rd World Congress of Herpetology, Prague. Abstracts. pp. 42–43.

Clack, J. A. 1999. New fossils from the Famennian of East Greenland. In Luksevics, E., Stinkulis, G. & Wilson, M. V. H. (eds) Lower-Middle Palaeozoic events across the Circum-Arctic. Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication Volume 5, 15–17.

Clack, J. A. 2000. Head first: the skull roof in early tetrapods. Palaeontological Association Newsletter 45 Conference Abstracts. p. 10.

Clack, J. A. 2001. Patterns and processes in the early evolution of the tetrapod middle ear. ICVM-6 abstracts. J. Morph. 248–18.

Clack, J. A. 2001. Stepping into the Tournaisian: five toes and two fingers for early tetrapods. Palaeontological Association Newsletter 48 Conference Abstracts. p. 6.

Clack, J. A. 2002. A new whatcheeriid from the Tournaisian of western Scotland. IPC 2002, Geological Society of Australia Abstracts 68, 34.

Clack, J. A. 2008. The emergence of tetrapods: how far have we come in the last 20 years, and where can we go in the next? Annual Address, 52nd Palaeontological Association Annual Meeting, Palaeontological Society Newsletter 69, Abstracts p. 12.

Clack, J. A. 2009. A probable microsaur from the Early Carboniferous of East Kirkton, Scotland, showing soft-tissue evidence. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29, 79A.

Clack, J. A. 2009. On the ‘imperfection of the geological record': recent palaeontological discoveries to delight Darwin. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology A 153, S545.

Clack, J. A., Lombard, R. E. & Bolt, J. R. 1995. The Paleozoic Preserve Project. An interactive world wide web site for systematic data. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology. SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 15, p. 24A.

Clack J. A., Ahlberg, P. E., Ketcham, R. A. & Dominguez Alonso, P. 2002. The braincase and ear region of Ichthyostega: a uniquely specialised ear in an exceptionally primitive tetrapod braincase IPC 2002, Geological Society of Australia Abstracts 68, 34.

Clack, J. A., Ahlberg, P. E. & Blom, H. 2003. Ichthyostega: the makeover. Palaeontological Association 47rd Annual Meeting. Palaeontological Association Newsletter 54, 166.

Clack, J. A., Blom, H. & Ahlberg, P. E. 2003. New insights into the forelimb skeleton of Ichthyostega. In Schultze, H.-P., Luksevics, E. & Unwin, D. (eds) The Gross Symposium 2. Advances in Palaeoichthyology, Riga, Latvia, Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication Volume 7, 17.

Clack, J. A., Blom, H. & Ahlberg, P. E. 2003. New insights into the postcranial skeleton of Ichthyostega. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 23, suppl 3, 41A.

Clack, J. A., Ahlberg, P. E. & Blom, H. 2004. A new genus of tetrapod from the Devonian of East Greenland. Palaeontological Association Newsletter 57, 116–17.

Clack, J. A., Ahlberg, P. E. & Blom, H. 2004. Ichthyostega: innovative, but not intermediate. ICVM Abstracts, Journal of Morphology 260, 283.

Clack, J. A., Ahlberg, P. E. & Blom, H. 2005. Ontogeny of the humerus in Ichthyostega. North American Palaeontological Convention abstracts. PaleoBios, 25, suppl 2, 30.

Clack, J. A., Smithson, T. R. & Anderson, J. 2014. Evolution of the tetrapod appendicular skeleton: new evidence from Romer's Gap. 74th SVP Annual Meeting, Berlin Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology abstract volume. p. 109A.

Clack, J. A., Ruta, M. & Smithson, T. R. 2016. Phylogenetic analysis (and additional specimens) imply early diversification of tetrapods in the Tournaisian. Palaeontological Association annual meeting Abstracts. p. 25.

Clack, J. A., Ruta, M. & Smithson, T. R. 2016. Phylogenetic analysis implies early diversification of tetrapods in the Tournaisian. Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy Abstracts. p. 17.

Clack, J. A., Smithson, T. R. & Challands, T. J. 2017. New Late Devonian lungfishes from Greenland morphologically and phylogenetically blur the D-C boundary. Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy Abstracts. p. 41.

Clack, J. A., Ruta, M., Milner, A. R., Marshall, J. E. A., Smithson, T. R. & Smithson, K. Z. 2018. Acherontiscus, the earliest durophagous tetrapod redux. Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy Abstracts. p.36.

Clack, J. A. & Ahlberg, P. E. 1998. A reinterpretation of the braincase of Ichthyostega stensioei. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. 18, suppl 3, 34A.

Clack, J. A. & Ahlberg, P. E. 2002. A new stem tetrapod from the mid-Carboniferous of Northern Ireland. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 22, 44A.

Clack, J. A. & Finney, S. M. 1997. An articulated tetrapod specimen from the Tournaisian of Western Scotland. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 17, suppl 3, 38A.

Clack, J. A. & Milner, A. R. 2007. The amphibamid Platyrhinops, morphology and metamorphosis. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology, 27, 59A.

Clack, J. A. & Smithson, T. R. 2013. Diversity among new Tournaisian tetrapods from Scotland. Palaeontological Association annual meeting, Abstract volume. p. 29.

Clack, J. A. & Smithson, T. R. 2015. Tetrapod diversity in the Tournaisian IGCP Strata. 16, 33–34.

Clack, J. A. & Smithson, T. R. 2016. Morphological innovations in the earliest post-Devonian tetrapods: adaptations for terrestriality? European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontology programme and abstracts volume. p. 91.

Daeschler, E. B., Clack, J. A. & Shubin, N. H. 2007. Early tetrapod remains from the Red Hill site in Pennsylvania (Catskill Formation; Upper Devonian): how much diversity: Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication. 10, 30.

Davies, S. J., Bennett, C. E., Kearsey, T. I., Millward, D., Clack, J. A., Smithson, T. R., Marshall, J. E. A., Reeves, E., Fraser, N. A., Walsh, S. A., Ross, A. & Sherwin, J. 2016. Early Mississippian palaeoenvironments and their significance for tetrapod preservation. British Sedimentological Research Group. Abstracts volume. p. 31.

Edge, M., Clack, J. A. & Beck, J. 2006. New skeletal and dental material of Mississippian chondrichthyans from Derbyshire, UK Palaeontological Association Newsletter 63, 53.

Klembara, J., Clack, J. A., Milner, A. R. & Ruta, M. 2011. The Late Carboniferous tetrapod Gephyrostegus bohemicus Jaekel, 1902: the anatomy of the skull and relationships. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 31, suppl, p. 22A.

Long J., Graham J., Clack J. A. & Ahlberg P. 2011. The origins of air-breathing in tetrapodomorph vertebrates. Early Vertebrates, Lower Vertebrates, Texas, 7.

Luksevics, E., Ahlberg, P. E. & Clack, J. A. 2003. The dermal skull roof and braincase of the early tetrapod Ventastega curonica from the Late Devonian of Latvia. In Schultze, H.-P., Luksevics, E. & Unwin, D. (eds) The Gross Symposium 2. Advances in Palaeoichthyology, Ichthyolith Issues Special Publication. Volume 7, 36–37.

Malavasi, S., Polgar, G., Cipolato G., Georgalas, V., Clack, J. & Torricelli, P. 2010. Sound production in a mudskipper (Periophthalmodon septemradiatus): Implications for the study of evolutionary convergence related to the vertebrate water-land transition. Joint meeting of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists. Program Book. Providence Rhode Island, p. 26.

Marshall, J. E. A., Reeves, E., Bennett, C. E., Davies, S. J., Kearsey, T. I., Millward, D., Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2016. The Ballagan Formation, the CM spore zone and the Tournaisian of Scotland. XIV International Palynological Congress X International Organisation of Palaeobotany Conference, Boletín de la Asociacíon Latinoamericana de Paleobotánica y Palinología 16, 102.

Marshall, J. E. A., Reeve, E., Bennett, C. E., Davies, S. J., Kearsey, T. I., Millward, D., Smithson, T. R., Browne, M. E. A. & Clack, J. A. 2018. The first palynological assemblage from the Famennian of Scotland and its significance for understanding early tetrapod relationships. https://ipc5.sciencesconf.org/user/submissions?docid=194273.

Molnar, J., Pierce, S. E., Clack, J. A. & Hutchinson, J. 2011. New features and biomechanics of the axial skeleton of the early tetrapod Pederpes finneyae. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology abstract volume 160A.

Pierce, S. E., Molnar, J., Hutchinson, J. R. & Clack, J. A. 2010. Comparative biomechanics of the axial skeleton in potential extant analogues for early tetrapod locomotor function. 9th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology, Uruguay.

Pierce, S. E., Molnar, J., Hutchinson, J. R. & Clack, J. A. 2010. Regional variation of intervertebral joint stiffness: importance for the water-land transition. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 30, 146A.

Pierce, S. E., Clack, J. A. & Hutchinson, J. 2011. Comparative limb range of movement in the Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega and the evolution of terrestrial locomotion. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology abstracts 174A.

Pierce, S. E., Hutchinson, J. R. & Clack, J. A. 2013. Historical evolution of early tetrapod movement. Society of Integrative and Comparative Biology.

Platt, C. & Clack, J. A. 1997. A proposed evolutionary derivation of hair cell patterns in the lagena of the inner ear. 5th International Congress of Vertebrate Morphology, Bristol, Abstracts Journal of Morphology 232, p. 308.

Porro, L., Rayfield, E. & Clack, J. 2013. 3-D reconstruction and analysis of the early tetrapod lower jaw. ICVM 10 Barcelona, Programme and Abstract volume.

Porro, L., Rayfield, E. & Clack, J. 2013. Computed tomography, digital preparation and three-dimensional reconstruction of the early tetrapod lower jaw. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 33, suppl, p. 70A.

Porro, L. B., Rayfield, E. J., & Clack, J. A. 2014. Tetrapods rising: 3D reconstruction and finite element analysis of the lower jaw across the water-land transition. Abstract Volume: 4th International Palaeontological Congress, Mendoza, Argentina, p. 597.

Reeves, E., Marshall, J. E. A., Bennett, C. E., Davies, S. J., Kearsey, T. I., Millward, D., Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2016. Tournaisian (early Carboniferous) palynology of the West Mains Farm Borehole, UK. XIV International Palynological Congress X International Organisation of Palaeobotany Conference, Boletín de la Asociacíon Latinoamericana de Paleobotánica y Palinología 16, 103–04.

Richards, K. R., Sherwin, J. E., Smithson, T. R., Bennion, R. F., Davies, S. J., Marshall, J. E. A. & Clack, J. A. 2015. A new fauna of early Carboniferous chondrichthyans from the Scottish Borders. Palaeontological Association annual meeting, Abstracts volume. p. 75.

Richards, K. R. & Clack, J. A. 2011. A mid-Carboniferous chondrichthyan braincase from the Peak District of Derbyshire, UK. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology SVP Annual Symposium Published Abstracts. Volume 31, suppl, p. 178A.

Richards, K. R. & Clack, J. A. 2014. A new Carboniferous chondrichthyan from the Derbyshire Limestone, UK. 74th SVP Annual Meeting, Berlin Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology abstract volume. p. 214A.

Sanchez, S., Tafforeau, P., Clack, J. A., Daeschler, E. B & Ahlberg, P. E. 2009. Limb bone histology across the fish – tetrapod transition. Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 29, 175A.

Smithson, T. R., Richards, K., Bennion, R. & Clack, J. A. 2014. Chondrichthyan diversity in the Early Carboniferous: new evidence from the Tournaisian of northern Britain. 74th SVP Annual Meeting, Berlin Journal of Vertebrate Palaeontology abstract volume. p. 232A.

Smithson, T. R., Richards, K. R. & Clack, J. A. 2015. Romer's Gap, the beginning of the modern fish fauna. IGCP Strata 16, 132–33.

Smithson, T. R., Anderson, J. S., Mansky, C. F. & Clack, J. A. 2015. Tetrapods from the Tournasian of Nova Scotia and northern Britain: new evidence of tetrapod diversity in the Early Carboniferous. Atlantic Geosciences Colloquium and Annual Meeting abstract volume. p. 39.

Smithson, T. R., Clack, J. A., Anderson, J. S. & Mansky, C. 2015. Tournaisian tetrapods of Nova Scotia and northern Britain: diversity, associated fauna and environmental setting. Palaeontological Association annual meeting, Abstracts volume. p 76.

Smithson, T. R., Bennett, C. E., Clack, J. A., Davies, S. J., Kearsey, T. I., Marshall, J. E. A., Millward, D. & Sherwin, J. 2016. Predicting the likely location of new early tetrapod sites: lessons from recent discoveries in Romer's Gap. European Association of Vertebrate Palaeontology programme and abstracts volume. p. 90.

Smithson, T. R., Challands, T., Hill, H., Richards, K. R., Smithson, K. & Clack, J. A. 2016. The diverse dentition of Early Carboniferous lungfish: an adaptive response to the end-Devonian extinction? Symposium of Vertebrate Palaeontology and Comparative Anatomy Abstracts. p. 29.

Smithson, T. R., Bennett, C. E., Clack, J. A., Clark, N., Davies, S. J., Edgecombe, G. D., Kearsey, T. I., Marshall, J. E. A., Millward, D., Ross, A. J. & Sherwin, J. E. 2016. Where to find the Carboniferous terrestrial fauna: recent discoveries in Romer's Gap point the way. Palaeontological Association annual meeting Abstracts. p. 50.

Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2013. New tetrapod and fish faunas from the Earliest Carboniferous of Scotland. ICVM 10 Barcelona, Programme and Abstract volume.

Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2013. Romer's Gap: a surprisingly productive period in vertebrate evolution. Palaeontological Association annual meeting, Abstract volume. p. 56.

Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2013. Tetrapod and fish faunas from the earliest Carboniferous of Scotland. 73rd SVP Annual Meeting, Los Angeles Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology abstract volume. p. 215A.

Smithson, T. R. & Clack, J. A. 2016. Morphological innovations in the earliest post-Devonian tetrapods: adaptations for terrestriality? International Congress on Vertebrate Morphology 11 Anatomical Record 299 special feature. p. 189.

6.6. Solicited reviews

Ahlberg, P. E. & Clack, J. A. 2006. A firm step from water to land. News and Views Nature 440, 747–49.

Benton, M. J., Briggs, D. E. G., Clack, J. A., Edwards, D., Galway-Witham, J., Stringer, C. B. & Turvey, S. T. 2017. Russia-UK collaboration in palaeontology: past, present, and future. Paleontological Journal 51, 576–99.

Clack, J. A. 2004. From Fins to Fingers, Perspectives. Science 304, 57–58.

Clack, J. A. 2015. The origin of terrestrial hearing. News and Views. Nature 519, 168–69.

6.7. Edited volumes

Clack, J. A., Fay, R. & Popper, A. N. (eds) 2016. Evolution of the Vertebrate Ear: Evidence from the Fossil Record. Springer Handbook of Acoustical Research. Volume 59.

Ruta, M., Clack, J. A. & Milner, A. C. (eds) 2009. Patterns and processes in early vertebrate evolution. Special Papers in Palaeontology 81, 1–173.

Sánchez-Villagra M. R. & Clack, J. A. (eds) 2004. Fossils of the Miocene Castillo Formation, Venezuela: Contributions in Neotropical Palaeontology. Special Papers in Palaeontology 71, 1–112.

6.8. Popular, semi-popular and non-refereed articles

Clack, J. A. 1987. Museum File 10: University Museum of Zoology, Cambridge. Geology Today 3, 70–71.

Clack, J. A. 1988. Pioneers of the land in East Greenland. Geology Today 4, 6, 407.

Clack, J. A. 1990. Early tetrapod hearing. Sci. Corresp. Nature 344, 6269.

Clack, J. A. 1990. Nos ancêtres, respiraient-ils par les oreilles? La Recherche 21, 770–71. (Invited article.)

Clack, J. A. 1995. Tetrapoda. Invited piece for McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology for 1996. pp. 339–41.

Clack, J. A. 1997. Les premiers tétrapodes vivaient dans l'eau. La Recherche (Invited article) 296, 58–61. (Also published in Spanish, in Mundo Cientifico.)

Clack, J. A. 1998. Vertebrate Evolution. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology for 1999. pp. 389–92.

Clack, J. A. 2004. Finding our Feet. In ‘Miracle Planet: part 3' NHK publications. pp. 78–105 (translated into Japanese).

Clack, J. A. 2005. Getting a leg up on land. Invited article. Scientific American 293, 100–07.

Clack, J. A. 2006. From fins to limbs. Natural History Magazine 115, 36–41.

Clack, J. A. 2006. Le premier pied à terre. Pour la Science. 340, 30–36.

Clack, J. A. 2006. Tetrapod origins. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science and Technology. pp. 325–27.

Clack, J. A. 2007. Anthracosauria, In McGraw-Hill Encyclopedia of Science & Technology, Volume 2, pp. 30–31. McGraw-Hill, New York.

Clack, J. A. 2008. Devonian Missing Link: Tiktaalik roseae. McGraw-Hill Yearbook of Science & Technology, 10th edn. McGraw-Hill, New York, 2008, pp. 91–93.

Clack, J. A. 2008. Overview from the chair: Sea to Sand. Proceedings of the 2007 Moray Society. Conference. Moray Society, Elgin Museum, Elgin, Moray, Scotland. pp. 7–10.

Clack, J. A. 2010. What is a tetrapod? Grzimek's Animal Life. Gale Web 17 May.

Clack, J. A. 2015. BBC Focus Magazine.

6.9. Book reviews

Clack, J. A. 1987. Evolution of Vertebrate Design by L. B. Radinsky, Chicago Univ. Press. Palaeontological Association Newsletter.

Clack, J. A. 1990. The Dicynodonts by G.M. King, Chapman and Hall. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 5, 376–77.

Clack, J. A. 1994. Palaeozoic Vertebrate Biostratigraphy and Biogeography. In Long, J. A. (ed.) Historical biology, Volume 9, 237–42. Belhaven Press.

Clack, J. A. 1997. The Devonian tetrapod Ichthyostega. E. Jarvik. Fossils and Strata 40, 1–213. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 128, 365–74.

Clack, J. A. 1998. History of the Coelacanth Fishes P. L Forey. Chapman & Hall – Natural History Museum TREE.

Clack, J. A. 2005. Digging for clues. Review of ‘Discovering Dorothea: the life of the pioneering fossil-hunter Dorothea Bate', by Karolyn Schindler. Nature 438, 163–64.

Clack, J. A. 2007. Fins into Limbs: evolution, development and transformation. In Hall, B. K. (ed.) Chicago University Press. Palaeontological Association Newsletter 65, 111–15.

Clack, J. A. 2008. ‘Your Inner Fish', by N. H Shubin. Journal of Clinical Investigation 118, 2370.

Clack, J. A. 2011. ‘How vertebrates left the water' by M. Laurin. Copeia 2011, 615–17.

Clack, J. A. 2015. ‘When the invasion of the land failed' by G. McGhee. Quarterly Review of Biology. March. 81.

6.10. Miscellaneous publications

Hanney, P. W. 1975. Rodents: their lives and habits. David and Charles. Produced the illustrations (as Jenny Agnew).

6.11. Work for commercial publishers

Supply of text and photographs for Dorling Kindersley 2009: ‘Prehistoric'.

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