Anderson, Elijah (1999). Code of the Street: Decency, Violence and the Moral Life of the Inner City. New York: W.W. Norton & Company.
Bailey-Fakhoury, Chasity (2014). Navigating, Negotiating, and Advocating: Black Mothers, their Young Daughters, and White Schools. Michigan Family Review, 18(1): 57–79.
Bentley-Edwards, Keisha L., and Stevenson, Howard C. Jr. (2016). The Multidimensionality of Racial/Ethnic Socialization: Scale Construction for the Cultural and Racial Experiences of Socialization (CARES). Journal of Child and Family Studies, 25(1): 96–108
Blau, Judith, and Brown, Eric S. (2001). Du Bois and Diasporic Identity: The Veil and the UnVeiling Project. Sociological Theory, 19(2): 219–233.
Boisnier, Alicia (2003). Race and Women’s Identity Development: Distinguishing Between Feminism and Womanism Among Black and White Women. Sex Roles, 49(5): 211–218.
Bonilla-Silva, Eduardo, and Embrick, David G. (2007). “Every Place Has a Ghetto…”: The Significance of Whites’ Social and Residential Segregation. Symbolic Interaction, 30(3): 323–345.
Bowman, Phillip J. (2012). A Strengths-based Social Psychological Approach to Resiliency: Cultural Diversity, Ecological and Life Span Issues. In Prince-Embury, Sandra and Saklofske, Donald H. (Eds.), Translating Resiliency Theory for Application with Children, Youth and Adults, pp. 299–324. New York: Springer.
Brody, Gene, Chen, Yi-Fu, Kogan, Steven, McBride Murry, Velma, Logan, Patricia and Luo, Zupei (2008). Linking Perceived Discrimination to Longitudinal Changes in African American Mothers’ Parenting Practices. Journal of Marriage and Family, 70(2): 319–331.
Brown, Tiffany, Linver, Miriam, Evans, Melanie, and DeGennaro, Donna (2009). African-American Parents’ Racial and Ethnic Socialization and Adolescent Academic Grades: Teasing out the Role of Gender. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 38(2): 214–227.
Collins, Patricia Hill (1994). Shifting the Center: Race, Class, and Feminist Theorizing about Motherhood. In Glenn, Evelyn Nakano, Chang, Grace, and Forcey, Linda Rennie (Eds.), Mothering: Ideology, Experience, and Agency, pp. 45–65. New York: Routledge.
Crenshaw, Kimberlé (1989). Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex: A Black Feminist Critique of Antidiscrimination Doctrine, Feminist Theory, and Antiracist Politics. University of Chicago Legal Forum, 139: 139–167.
Creswell, John (2003). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications, Inc.
Darden, Joe T., Child Hill, Richard, Thomas, June, and Thomas, Richard (1987). Detroit: Race and Uneven Development. Philadelphia, PA: Temple University Press.
Deitch, Elizabeth, Barsky, Adam, Butz, Rebecca, Chan, Suzanne, Brief, Arthur, and Bradley, Jill (2003). Subtle yet Significant: The Existence and Impact of Everyday Racial Discrimination in the Workplace. Human Relations, 56(11): 1299–1324.
Dillaway, Heather (2006). Good Mothers Never Wane: Mothering at Menopause. Journal of Women & Aging, 18(2): 41–53.
Donovan, Roxanne A., Galban, David J., Grace, Ryan K., Bennett, Jacqueline K., and Felicié, Shaina Z. (2012). Impact Racial Macro- and Microaggressions in Black Women’s Lives: A Preliminary Analysis. Journal of Black Psychology, 39(2): 185–196.
Downing, Nancy, and Roush, Kristin (1985). From Passive Acceptance to Active Commitment: A Model of Feminist Identity Development for Women. Counseling Psychologist, 13(4): 695–709.
Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt ( 1994). The Souls of Black Folk. Reprint, Mineola, NY: Dover Publications, Inc.
Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt ( 2003). Darkwater: Voices from Within the Veil. Reprint, Amherst, NY: Humanity Books.
Du Bois, William Edward Burghardt ( 1968). Dusk of Dawn. Reprint, New York: Schocken Books.
England, Lynn, and Keith Warner, W. (2013). W. E. B. Du Bois: Reform, Will, and the Veil. Social Forces, 91(3): 955–973.
Farley, Reynolds, Danziger, Sheldon, and Holzer, Harry (2000). Detroit Divided. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.
Farley, Reynolds, Steeh, Charlotte, Jackson, Tara, Krysan, Maria and Reeves, Keith (1993). Continued Racial Residential Segregation in Detroit: “Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs’ Revisited.” Journal of Housing Research, 4(1): 1–38.
Farley, Reynolds, Schuman, Howard, Bianchi, Suzanne, Colasanto, Diane, and Hatchett, Shirley (1978). Chocolate City, Vanilla Suburbs: Will the Trend Toward Racially Separate Communities Continue? Social Science Research, 7(4): 319–44.
Feagin, Joe, Vera, Hernan, and Imani, Nikitah (1996). The Agony of Education: Black Students at White Colleges and Universities. New York: Routledge.
Franklin, Anderson J., Boyd-Franklin, Nancy, and Kelly, Shalonda (2006). Racism and Invisibility: Race-Related Stress, Emotional Abuse and Psychological Trauma for People of Color. Journal of Emotional Abuse, 6(2–3): 9–30.
Frazier, John, Margai, Florence, and Tettey-Fio, Eugene (2003). Race and Place: Equity Issues in Urban America. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Glaser, Barney (1978). Theoretical Sensitivity: Advances in the Methodology of Grounded Theory. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.
Harris, Michelle (2004). Racial and Ethnic Diversity in Perceptions of Discrimination. Sociological Imagination, 40(2): 65–89.
Harris, Yvette, and Graham, James (2007). The African American Child: Development and Challenges. New York: Springer Publishing.
Jackson, Jennifer, McGibbon, Elizabeth, and Waldron, Ingrid (2013). Racism and Cardiovascular Disease: Implications for Nursing. Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, 23(4): 12–18.
Krysan, Maria, and Bader, Michael (2007). Perceiving the Metropolis: Seeing the City through a Prism of Race. Social Forces, 86(2): 699–733.
Lewis, Jioni A., Mendenhall, Ruby, Harwood, Stacy A., and Huntt, Margaret Browne (2016). “Ain’t I a Woman?” Perceived Gendered Racial Microaggressions Experienced by Black Women. The Counseling Psychologist, 44(5): 758–780.
Lewis, Jioni A., Mendenhall, Ruby, Harwood, Stacy A., and Huntt, Margaret Browne (2013). Coping with Gendered Racial Microaggressions among Black Women College Students. Journal of African American Studies, 17(1): 51–73.
Masko, Amy (2005). I Think About It All the Time: A 12–Year-Old Girl’s Internal Crisis with Racism and the Effects on Her Mental Health. The Urban Review, 37(4): 329–350.
Mc Cabe, Janice (2009). Racial and Gender Microaggressions on a Predominantly-White Campus: Experiences of Black, Latina/o and White Undergraduates. Race, Gender & Class, 16(1–2): 133–151.
Mendenhall, Ruby, Bowman, Philip, and Zhang, Libin (2013). Single Black Mothers’ Role Strain and Adaptation Across the Life Course. Journal of African American Studies, 17(1): 74–98.
Mercer, Sterett H., Zeigler-Hill, Virgil, Wallace, Marion, and Hayes, DeMarquis M. (2011). Development and Initial Validation of the Inventory of Microaggressions against Black Individuals. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 58(4): 457–469.
Mitchell, Donald Jr. (2014). Introduction. In Mitchell, Donald Jr., Simmons, Charlana, and Greyerbiehl, Lindsay (Eds.), Intersectionality & Higher Education: Theory, Research and Praxis, pp. 1–5. New York: Peter Lang.
Moradi, Bonnie, Yoder, Janice, and Berendsen, Lynne (2004). An Evaluation of the Psychometric Properties of the Womanist Identity Attitudes Scale. Sex Roles, 50(3): 253–266.
Morales, Erica (2014). Intersectional Impact: Black Students and Race, Gender and Class Microaggressions in Higher Education. Race, Gender & Class, 21(3–4): 48–66.
Morris, Aldon (2015). The Scholar Denied: W. E. B. Du Bois and the Birth of Modern Sociology. Oakland, CA: University of California Press.
Ossana, Shelley, Helms, Janet, and Leonard, Mary (1992). Do ‘Womanist’ Identity Attitudes Influence College Women’s Self-Esteem and Perceptions of Environmental Bias? Journal of Counseling and Development, 70(3): 402–408.
Pierce, Chester (1974). Psychiatric Problems of the Black Minority. In Arieti, Silvano (Ed.), American Handbook of Psychiatry, pp. 512–523. New York: Basic Books.
Pieterse, Alex L., Todd, Nathan, Neville, Helen, and Carter, Robert (2012). Perceived Racism and Mental Health among Black American Adults: A Meta-Analytic Review. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 59(1): 1–9.
Rath, Richard Cullen (1997). Echo and Narcissus: The Afrocentric pragmatism of W. E. B. Du Bois. Journal of American History, 84(2): 461–495.
Sanders Thompson, Vetta (2001). The Complexity of African American Racial Identification. Journal of Black Studies, 32: 155–165.
Sellers, Robert, and Shelton, Nicole (2003). The Role of Racial Identity in Perceived Racial Discrimination. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84(5): 1079–1092.
Smith, William A., Hung, Man, and Franklin, Jeremy D. (2011). Racial Battle Fatigue and the MisEducation of Black Men: Racial Microaggressions, Societal Problems, and Environmental Stress. Journal of Negro Education, 80(1): 63–82.
Smith, William A., Allen, Walter R., and Danley, Lynette L. (2007). “Assume the Position…You Fit the Description”: Psychosocial Experiences and Racial Battle Fatigue Among African American Male College Students. American Behavioral Scientist, 51(4): 551–578.
Stevenson, Howard C., and Bentley, Keisha (2007). The Redesign of the Racial Socialization Scale for Youth and Parents: Cultural and Racial Experiences of Socialization (CARES). Unpublished manuscript, University of Pennsylvania.
Sugrue, Thomas (1996). The Origins of the Urban Crisis: Race and Inequality in Postwar Detroit. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Sue, Derald W., Capodilupo, Christina M., Torino, Gina C., Bucceri, Jennifer M., Holder, Aisha M. B., Nadal, Kevin L., and Esquilin, Marta (2007). Racial Microaggressions in Everyday Life: Implications for Clinical Practice. American Psychologist, 62(4): 271–286.
Thomas, Anita, and King, Constance (2007). Gendered Racial Socialization of African American Mothers and Daughters. Family Journal, 15(2): 137–142.
White, Monica (2009). Sociopsychological Processes in Racial Formation: A Case Study of the Autobiographies of Black Panther Party Members. In Koditschek, Theodore, Cha-Jua, Sundiata, and Neville, Helen (Eds.), Race Struggles, pp. 158–177. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press.
Winant, Howard (2004). The New Politics of Race: Globalism, Difference, Justice. Minneapolis, MN: University of Minnesota Press.
Worrell, Frank C., Vandiver, Beverly, and Cross, William Jr. (2004). The Cross Racial Identity Scale: Technical Manual 2nd ed. Unpublished manuscript.
Wright, Earl II (2016). W. E. B. Du Bois and the Atlanta Sociological Laboratory: The First American School of Sociology. Burlington, VT: Ashgate Publishing.
Zuberi, Tukufu (2012). Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois Nomination for Honorary Emeritus Professorship in Sociology and Africana Studies. University of Pennsylvania: Philadelphia PA. <https://duboisprofessorship.wordpress.com/> (accessed September 15, 2015).
Zubrinsky, Camille L., and Bobo, Lawrence (1996). Prismatic Metropolis: Race and Residential Segregation in the City of the Angels. Social Science Research, 25(4): 335–374.
Zuckerman, Phil (Ed.) (2004). The Social Theory of W. E. B. Du Bois. Thousand Oaks, CA: Pine Forge Press.