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A meta-analytic review of parenting interventions in foster care and adoption

  • Nikita K. Schoemaker (a1), Wilma G. M. Wentholt (a1), Anouk Goemans (a1), Harriet J. Vermeer (a1), Femmie Juffer (a1) and Lenneke R. A. Alink (a1)...

Abstract

Foster and adoptive parents often face challenges while taking care of children who, due to their adverse early life experiences, are at risk of developing insecure attachment relationships, behavior problems, and stress dysregulation. Several intervention programs have been developed to help foster and adoptive parents to overcome these challenges. In the current study, a series of eight meta-analyses were performed to examine the effectiveness of these intervention programs on four parent outcomes (sensitive parenting, k = 11, N = 684; dysfunctional discipline, k = 4, N = 239; parenting knowledge and attitudes, k = 7, N = 535; parenting stress, k = 18, N = 1,306), three child outcomes (attachment security, k = 6, N = 395; behavior problems, k = 33, N = 2,661; diurnal cortisol levels, k = 3, N = 261), and placement disruption (k = 7, N = 1,100). Results show positive effects for the four parent outcomes and child behavior problems, but not for attachment security, child diurnal cortisol levels, or placement disruption. Indirect effects on child outcomes may be delayed, and therefore long-term follow-up studies are needed to examine the effects of parenting interventions on children.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution licence (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

Corresponding author

Author for Correspondence: Lenneke Alink, Leiden University, Institute for Education and Child Studies, P.O. Box 9555, 2300 RB Leiden, The Netherlands; E-mail: alinklra@fsw.leidenuniv.nl

References

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References marked with an * were included in the meta-analysis.

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Keywords

A meta-analytic review of parenting interventions in foster care and adoption

  • Nikita K. Schoemaker (a1), Wilma G. M. Wentholt (a1), Anouk Goemans (a1), Harriet J. Vermeer (a1), Femmie Juffer (a1) and Lenneke R. A. Alink (a1)...

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