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The Relations of George Whitefield and Howell Harris, Fathers of Calvinistic Methodism

  • Richard W. Evans (a1)


The eighteenth century Welsh revivalist, Howell Harris, was record conscious. He left behind almost 300 Diaries and almost 3,000 letters, together with miscellaneous papers, known as “The Trevecka Manuscripts”. (Trevecka, a village in Breconshire, South Wales, was Harris's home.) Today, they form the nucleus of the Calvinistic Methodist Connexional Archives and are deposited in the National Library of Wales, at Aberystwyth.



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1. For an introduction to the general nature of this collection, see The National Library of Wales Journal, Vol. V, No. 1, pp. 13 ff, an article by G. Tibbott and K. Monica Davies.

2. Whitefield, George, Journal (1740 ed.) for 7 & 8 March 1739. (This is a rare edition.)

4. Quoted By Tyerman, Luke, Life of George Whitefield, (London, 1890), Vol. 1, p. 197.

5. Ibid., p. 216.

6. Tyerman, Luke, Life and Times of the Rev. John Wesley, (London, 1890), Vol. I, p. 277.

7. Trevecka Letter 227, printed in Trevecka MSS. Supplement, No. 9, first series.

8. Trevecka Letter 260, printed in Trevecka MSS. Supplement. No. 9, first series. (Note: All letters in the collection are not holographs. Harris's secretary, J. Ingram, copied many of the originals, aud he seems to be responsible for much of the incorrect spelling.)

9. Trevecka is 8 miles south-west of Hay.

10. Trevecka Letter 282, printed in Weekly History, Nos. 13 & 14. (Note: Between 1740–1748, John Lewis, Bartholomew Close, London, published Calvinistic Methodist newspapers under four different titles, i.e., The Christian Amusement, The Weekly History, The Account of the Progress of the Gospel, and The Christian History. These rare accounts are housed in the C. M. Archives at Aberystwyth.)

11. Ibid.

12. Wesley, John, The Journal of John Wesley, Standard edition, (London, 1938), Vol. 4, p. 415. Entry for 12 October 1760.

13. Tyerman, Wesley, op. cit., p. 325.

14. The Weekly History, No. 15.

15. Quoted in Hughes, H. J., Life of Howell Harris, (London, 1892), P. 185.

16. Tyerman, Wesley, op. cit., p. 373.

17. Ibid., p. 375.

18. Trevecka MSS., Letter 396.

19. The letter is printed in full in Jenkins, D. E., Calvinistic Methodist Holy Orders, (Caernarvon, 1911), p. 53.

20. Treveeka MSS., Letter 644.

21. Ibid., Letter 626.

22. Ibid.

23. D. E. Jenkins, op. cit., p. 84.

24. Trevecka MSS., Letter 592.

25. Ibid., Letter 638.

26. Ibid., Letter 674.

27. The Weekly History, No. 79.

28. Ibid., No. 80.

29. Account of the Progress of the Gospel, Vol. II, No. 1.

30. Jenkins, op. cit., p. 91.

31. Tyerman, Whitefield, op. cit., Vol. II, p. 55.

32. Jenkins, op. cit., p. 95.

33. Trevecka MSS., Records of the Association, T-2945.

34. See Trevecka MSS., Letters 1607, 1560,1611 for references to Mrs. Wood's mettlesomeness. John Jones is referred to frequently in Wesley's, Journal, i.e., Vol. III, p. 273, 302; Vol. VI, p. 416.

35. Trevecka MSS., Records of the Association, T.2946, pp. 6.

36. Ibid., Letter 1516.

37. Ibid.

38. The Christian History, 16 Nov. 1747.

39. Trevecka MSS., Records of the Associations, T-2946, pp. 20–27.

40. Ibid., Letter 1685.

41. Life and Times of the Countess of Huntingdon (London, 1839), Vol. I, p. 84.

42. Trevecka MSS., Letter 1792.

43. H. J. Hughes, op. cit., p. 307.

44. Tyerman, Whitefield, op. cit., Vol. II, p. 188.

45. Ibid.

46. Trevecka MSS., Records of the Associations, T-2941, p. 67.

47. Tyerman, Whitefield, op. cit., Vol. II, p. 192.

48. Trevecka MSS., Letter 2121.

49. For Wesley's description of Harris's community see his Journal, op cit., Vol. V, p. 25: 19 August 1763.

50. Itinerary of Howell Harris, Instalment 3, pp. 32, 34.

51. Calvinistic Methodist Historical Journal, Vol. XXXII, pp. 41, 42.

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Church History
  • ISSN: 0009-6407
  • EISSN: 1755-2613
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