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The Pacifism of the Sixteenth Century Anabaptists*

  • Harold S. Bender (a1)

Extract

A preliminary word should be said about the propriety of the use of the late, twentieth-century term “pacifism” to apply to the peace doctrines of the sixteenth-century Anabaptists. As it has been used since World War I pacifism designates broadly an idealistic anti-militarist position whose goal is the elimination of war in history.

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References

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1. Wenger, J. C., “The Sehleitheim Confession of Faith,” Menu. Quart. ReView, XIX (1945) 250.

2. Werke, Luthers, Weimar ed., XIX, 626.

3. Troeltsch, E., Die Soziallehren der christlichen Kirchen end Gruppen (Tübingen, 1912) 637.

4. Heering, G. J., The Fall of Christianity (London, 1930) 79.

5. Bender, H. S., Conrad Grebel (Goshen, 1950) 179.

6. Ibid., 200.

7. Johannes Kesslers Sabbala (St. Gall, 1902) 143.

8. von Muralt, L. and Schmid, W., Quellen zur Geschichle der Täufer in der Schweiz. Erster Band: Zürich (Zürich, 1952) 216.

9. Ibid., 219.

10. Handlung oder Acta gehaltener Disputation end Gespräch zu Zoffingen inn Berner Biet mit den Widertöufferen (1532) 94 v.

11. From the unprinled manuscript record of the Bern disputation in the Staatsarchiv of Bern, “Unnütze Papiere.”

12. Bullinger, H., Der Widertöufferen Ursprung, Fürgang, Sesten, Wösen, (Zürich, 1561) 139 v.

13. Ibid., fol. 16.

14. Verantwortung ellicher die man Töuffer neunt, uff die Fragen warumb sy nit zur kirchen gangind, fol. 218 v.

15. Quoted from the Strasbourg court records for 1526 by Cornelius, C. A., Geschichte des Münsterischen Aufrnhrs, Vol. II (Leipzig, 1860) 268.

16. Quoted from Butzer's, Getrewe Warnung (Strasbourg, 07 1527) by Hulshof, A., Geschiedenis van de Doopsgezinden te Straatsburg van 1525 tot 1557 (Amsterdam, 1905) 28.

17. Wenger, loc. cit., 250.

18. Bossert, G., “Michael Sattler's Trial and Martyrdom,” Menn. Quart. Review, XXV (1951) 201218, gives the bibliography of the early publication of the Sattler trial report, p. 208.

19. Bossert, loc. cit., 213.

20. Account of our Religion, Doctrine and Faith given by Peter Rideman. (London?, 1950) 108. Translated from the German edition of 1565.

21. Zieglschmid, A. J. F., ed., Die älteste Chronik der Hutterischen Brüder (Carl Schurz Memorial Foundation, 1943) 575–79 and 620–26.

22. The Complete Works of Menno Simon (Elkhart, Ind., 1871) Part II, 170b.

23. Ibid., II, 435 b.

24. Ibid., I, 198.

25. van der Zijpp, N., Geschiedenis der Doopagezinden in Nederland (Arnhem, 1952) 134. See also Dyserinek, J., “De Weerlosheid volgens de Doopsgezinden” De Gida 1890, 104161 and 303342; and van der Zijpp, N., De Vroegere Doopsgezinden en de Krijgsdienst (Wolvega, 1930) 26et passim.

26. Bender, H. S., Conrad Grebel (Goshen, Ind., 1950) 199203.

27. Ibid., 274, note 54.

28. Thürleman, Inez, Erasmus von Rotterdam und Joannes Ludovicus Vives als Pazifisten (Freiburg, Switzerland, 1932, dissertation). 44, quoted from Le Clerc's (1703ff) edition of Erasmus' complete works, Vol. II, 963E.

* Read before the American Society of Church History, New York, December 28, 1954.

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