Arden, N.K., Crozier, S., Smith, H., Anderson, F., Edwards, C., Raphael, H., et al. (2006). Knee pain, knee osteoarthritis, and the risk of fracture. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 55, 610–615.
Arnstein, P. (2000). The mediation of disability by self efficacy in different samples of chronic pain patients. Disability and Rehabilitation, 22, 794–801.
Arnstein, P., Caudill, M., Mandle, C.L., Norris, A., & Beasley, R. (1999). Self efficacy as a mediator of the relationship between pain intensity, disability and depression in chronic pain patients. Pain, 80, 483–491.
Asgari, A., & Nicholas, M.K. (2001). Pain self-efficacy beliefs and pain behavior: A prospective study. Pain, 94, 85–100.
Baker, K.R., Nelson, M.E., Felson, D.T., Layne, J.E., Sarno, R., & Roubenoff, R. (2001). The efficacy of home based progressive strength training in older adults with knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Rheumatology, 28, 1655–1665.
Bandura, A. (1986). Self-efficacy mechanism in physiological activation and health promoting behavior. In J., Madden, S., Madden, & J., Barchas (Eds.), Adaptation, learning and affect (pp. 229–269). New York: Raven Press.
Barlow, J.H., Williams, B., & Wright, C.C. (1999). “Instilling the strength to fight the pain and get on with life”: Learning to become an arthritis self-manager through an adult education programme. Health Education Research, 14, 533–544.
Bennett, A.N., Crossley, K.M., Brukner, P.D., & Hinman, R.S. (2007). Predictors of symptomatic response to glucosamine in knee osteoarthritis: An exploratory study. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 41(7), 415–419.
Bookwala, J., Harralson, T.L., & Parmelee, P.A. (2003). Effects of pain on functioning and well-being in older adults with osteoarthritis of the knee. Psychology and Aging, 18, 844–850.
Bradley, J.D., Katz, B.P., & Brandt, K.D. (2001). Severity of knee pain does not predict a better response to an anti-inflammatory dose of ibuprofen than to analgesic therapy in patients with osteoarthritis. Journal of Rheumatology, 28, 1073–1076.
Brooks, P.M., & Day, R.O. (1991). Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs: Differences and similarities. New England Journal of Medicine, 324, 1716–1725.
Brus, H., van de Laar, M., Taal, E., Rasker, J., & Wiegman, O. (1997). Determinants of compliance with medication in patients with rheumatoid arthritis: The importance of self-efficacy expectations. Patient Education and Counseling, 36, 57–64.
Buckwalter, J.A., Stanish, W.D., Rosier, R.N., Schenck, R.C., Douglas, D.A., & Coutts, R. (2001). The increasing need for nonoperative treatment of patients with osteoarthritis. Clinical Orthopedics and Related Research, 385, 36–45.
Buszewicz, M., Rait, G., Griffin, M., Nazareth, I., Patel, A., Atkinson, A., et al. (2006). Self management of arthritis in primary care: Randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal Retrieved 14 Nov. 2007 from http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/333/7574/879.
Creamer, P., Lethbridge-Cejku, M., & Hochberg, M.C. (2000). Factors associated with functional impairment in symptomatic knee osteoarthritis. Rheumatology, 39, 490–496.
Douglas, J., Simon, T., & Aberman, H.M. (2001). Symptomatic articular cartilage degeneration: The impact in the new millennium. Clinical Orthopedics Related Research, 391, S14–S25.
Felson, D.T. (1993). The course of osteoarthritis and factors that affect it. Rheumatic Disease Clinics of North America, 19, 607–615.
Fitzgerald, G.K. (2005). Therapeutic exercise for knee osteoarthritis: Considering factors that may influence outcome. Europa Medicophysico, 41, 163–171.
Focht, B.C., Rejeski, W.J., Ambrosius, W.T., Katula, J.A., & Messier, S.P. (2005). Exercise, self-efficacy, and mobility performance in overweight and obese older adults with knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 53, 659–665.
Gaines, J.M., Talbot, L.A., & Metter, E.J. (2002). The relationship of arthritis self-efficacy to functional performance in older men and women with osteoarthritis of the knee. Geriatric Nursing, 23, 167–170.
Griffin, M.R., Brandt, K.D., Liang, M.H., Pincus, T., & Ray, W.A. (1995). Practical management of osteoarthritis. Integration of pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic measures. Archives of Family Medicine, 4, 1049–1055.
Guccione, A.A., Felson, D.T., Anderson, J.J., Anthony, J.M., Zhang, Y., Wilson, P.W., et al. (1994). The effects of specific medical conditions on the functional limitations of elders in the Framingham study. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 351–358.
Harrison, A.L. (2004). The influence of pathology, pain, balance, and self-efficacy on function in women with osteoarthritis of the knee [Electronic version]. Physical Therapy, 84, 822–831 Retrieved 6 Nov. 2000 from http://www.health.gov/healthypeople/.
Jordan, K.M., Arden, N.K., Doherty, M., Bannwarth, B., Bijlsma, J.W.J., Dieppe, P., et al. (2003). EULAR recommendations 2003: An evidence based approach to the management of knee osteoarthritis (Report of a Task Force of the Standing Committee for International Clinical Studies Including Therapeutic Trials [ESCISIT]). Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 62, 1145–1155.
Kilminster, S.G., & Mould, G.P. (1999). Comparison of diclofenac spray and gel on knee joints of patients with osteoarthritic pain. Clinical Drug Investigation, 18, 345–354.
Lefebre, J.C., Keefe, F.J., Affleck, G., Raezer, L.B., Starr, K., Caldwell, D.S., et al. (1999). The relationship of arthritis self-efficacy to daily pain, daily mood, and daily pain coping in rheumatoid arthritis patients. Pain, 80, 425–435.
Lorig, K., Chastain, R.L., Ung, E., Shoor, S., & Holman, H.R. (1989). Development and evaluation of a scale to measure self-efficacy in people with arthritis. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 32, 37–44.
Lorig, K., Lubeck, D., Kraines, R.G., Selznick, M., & Holman, H.R. (1985). Outcomes of self-help education for patients with arthritis. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 28, 680–685.
Maly, M.R., Costigan, P.A., & Olney, S.J. (2005). Contribution of psychosocial and mechanical variables to physical performance measures in knee osteoarthritis. Physical Therapy, 85, 1318–1328.
Maly, M.R., Costigan, P.A., & Olney, S.J. (2006a). Determinants of self efficacy for physical tasks in people with knee osteoarthritis. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 15, 94–101.
Maly, M.R., Costigan, P.A., & Olney, S.J. (2006b). Determinants of self-report outcome measures in people with knee osteoarthritis. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, 87, 96–104.
Manek, N.J. (2001). Medical management of osteoarthritis. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 76, 533–539.
Mankin, H.J., & Treadwell, B.V. (1986). Osteoarthritis: A 1986 update. Bulletin of the Rheumatic Diseases, 36, 173–182.
Marks, R. (2001). Efficacy theory and its utility in arthritis rehabilitation: Review and recommendations. Disability and Rehabilitation, 23, 271–280.
Mendes de Leon, C.F., Seeman, T.E., Baker, D.I., Richardson, E.D., & Tinetti, M.E. (1996). Self-efficacy, physical decline, and change in functioning in community-living elders: A prospective study. Journals of Gerontology B: Psychology Science and Social Science, 51, S183–S190.
Monson, R.R., & Hall, A.P. (1976). Mortality among arthritics. Journal of Chronic Diseases, 28, 459–467.
Peat, G., McCarney, R., & Croft, P. (2001). Knee pain and osteoarthritis in older adults: A review of community burden and current use of primary health care. Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, 60, 89–90.
Penninx, B.W.J., Van Tilburg, T., Deeg, D.J.H., Kriegsman, D.M.W., Boeke, A.J.P., & Van Eijk, J.T.M. (1997). Direct and buffer effects of social support and personal coping resources in individuals with arthritis. Social Science and Medicine, 44, 393–402.
Peters, T.J., Sanders, C., Dieppe, P., & Donovan, J. (2005). Factors associated with change in pain and disability over time: A community-based prospective observational study of hip and knee osteoarthritis. British Journal of General Practice, 55, 205–211.
Poolsup, N., Suthisisang, C., Channark, P., & Kittikulsuth, W. (2005). Glucosamine long-term treatment and the progression of knee osteoarthritis: Systematic review of randomized controlled trials. Annals of Pharmacotherapy, 39, 1080–1087.
Rejeski, W.J., Craven, T., Ettinger, W.H. Jr, McFarlane, M., & Shumaker, S. (1996). Self-efficacy and pain in disability with osteoarthritis of the knee. Journals of Gerontology B: Psychology Science and Social Science, 51, P24–P29.
Rejeski, W.J., Ettinger, W.H., Martin, K., & Morgan, T. (1998). Treating disability in knee osteoarthritis with exercise therapy: A central role for self-efficacy and pain. Arthritis Care and Research, 11, 94–101.
Rejeski, W.J., Miller, M.E., Foy, C., Messier, S., & Rapp, S. (2001). Self-efficacy and the progression of functional limitations and self-reported disability in older adults with knee pain. Journals of Gerontology B: Psychology Science Social Science, 56, S261–S265.
Riesma, R.P., Rasker, J.J., Taal, E., Griep, E.N., Wouters, JMGW, & Wiegman, O. (1998). Fatigue in rheumatoid arthritis: The role of self-efficacy and problematic social support. British Journal of Rheumatology, 37, 1042–1046.
Roddy, E., Zhang, W., Dohety, M., Arden, N.K., Barlow, J., Birrell, F., et al. (2005). Evidence-based recommendations for the role of exercise in the management of osteoarthritis of the hip or knee: The MOVE consensus. Rheumatology, 44, 67–73.
Schnitzer, T.J. (1993). Osteoarthritis treatment update: Minimizing pain while limiting patient risk. Postgraduate Medicine, 93, 89–95.
Sharma, L., Cahue, S., Song, J., Hayes, K., Pai, Y., & Dunlop, D. (2003). Physical functioning over the three years in knee osteoarthritis: Role of psychosocial, local mechanical, and neuromuscular factors. Arthritis and Rheumatism, 48, 3359–3370.
Taal, E., Rasker, J.J., Seydel, E.R., & Wiegman, O. (1993). Health status, adherence with health recommendations, self-efficacy and social support in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Patient Education and Counseling, 20, 63–76.
Topp, R., Woolley, S., Khuder, S., Hornyak, J., & Bruss, A. (2000). Predictors of four functional tasks in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee. Orthopedic Nursing, 19, 49–58.
Venohr, I.M. (1994). Arthritic elders' psychological well-being as influenced by pain, functional impairment, self-efficacy, and social support. Unpublished doctoral dissertation. University of Michigan.
Weinberger, M., Tierney, W.M., & Booher, P. (1989). Common problems experienced by adults with osteoarthritis. Arthritis Care and Research, 2, 94–100.
White, A. (2006). Osteoarthritis of the knee: An introduction. Acupuncture in Medicine, 24, S1–S6.