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T2 and DWI in Pilocytic and Pilomyxoid Astrocytoma with Pathologic Correlation

  • M. Horger (a1), M. N. Vogel (a1) (a2), R. Beschorner (a3), U. Ernemann (a4), J. Wörner (a1), M. Fenchel (a4), F. Ebner (a5), T. Nägele (a4) and S. Heckl (a4)...

Abstract

Objective:

To quantify and compare T2 signal and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) in pilocytic and pilomyxoid astrocytoma (PA and PMA) and correlate results with myxoid content.

Methods:

Echo-planar diffusion weighted images (DWI) and standard magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings were reviewed retrospectively in patients with PA (n=34) and PMA (n=8). Regions of interest (ROIs) were drawn on ADC maps within tumor parts with lowest ADC values. Apparent diffusion coefficient values in tumor were normalized to those in cerebrospinal fluid (ADC/CSF). The ratio of T2 signal intensity in solid tumor parts to CSF (T2/CSF) was registered. Myxoid matrix was histologically quantified retrospectively in 8 PMAs and 17 PAs and correlated with imaging findings.

Results:

Mean ADC/CSF for PA and PMA was 0.53±0.10 and 0.69±0.10 (p<0.01). Mean T2/CSF for PA and PMA was 0.78±0.19 and 0.93±0.09 (p<0.01). Mean proportion of myxoid tumor matrix in PA was 50% (range, 10-100%) and 93% (range, 90-100%) in PMA (p=0.004). Eight patients (32%; all PA) had less than 50% myxoid content and 17 (68%; 8 PA; 9 PMA) had more. There was positive correlation of ADC/CSF, T2/CSF and ADC (r2=0.61, 0.65 and 0.60 respectively) and significant difference between the groups with more and less than 50% myxoid content (p=0.01 for ADC/CSF and T2/CSF and p=0.02 for ADC).

Conclusions:

General imaging features of PA and PMA are non-specific, ADC values and T2 signal intensity are generally higher in the latter, reflecting the proportion of myxoid matrix in these tumors.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Department of Neuroradiology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany. Email: m.n.a.vogel@web.de

References

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T2 and DWI in Pilocytic and Pilomyxoid Astrocytoma with Pathologic Correlation

  • M. Horger (a1), M. N. Vogel (a1) (a2), R. Beschorner (a3), U. Ernemann (a4), J. Wörner (a1), M. Fenchel (a4), F. Ebner (a5), T. Nägele (a4) and S. Heckl (a4)...

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