Background: Lactate, a by-product of glycolysis, has been well established as a marker of poor tissue perfusion. Elevated lactate production is observed in tumor glycolysis known as the Warburg effect. We have previously shown that serum lactate correlated with brain tumor grade. In this prospective study we aimed to determine if the preoperative serum lactate correlated with preoperative MR spectroscopy and in lactate levels in the fresh frozen tissue samples. Methods: Twenty-one glioma patients (13 male, 8 female) ages 34 – 86 underwent craniotomy at a single institution by lead author. Tumor pathology revealed a Glioblastoma (n=16), grade II (oligodendroglioma n=1) and Grade III Glioma (anaplastic astrocytoma n=4). Preoperative spectroscopy was performed on 18 patients. A fellowship trained neuro-radiologist (JPC) was blinded to the serum and tissue lactate levels and graded the spectroscopy lactate levels as low or elevated. Results: There was direct correlation of spectroscopy tissue lactate levels with serum lactate levels. Pre-operative serum lactate (range 6.6- 29.9 mg/dl) was directly correlated with the fresh frozen tissue lactate levels (range 0.1 – 0.39 ug/mg; Pearson r=0.6 p = 0.0021). Conclusions: This study supports that serum lactate correlates with spectroscopy and tissue lactate levels.