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Inspiratory Muscle Training and the Perception of Dyspnea in Parkinson's Disease

  • Rivka Inzelberg (a1), Nana Peleg (a2), Puiu Nisipeanu (a3), Rasmi Magadle (a2), Ralph L. Carasso (a1) and Paltiel Weiner (a4)...

Abstract:

Background:

Pulmonary and respiratory muscle function impairment are common in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Inspiratory muscle training may improve strength, dyspnea and functional capacity in healthy subjects and in those with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. This study investigated the effect of specific inspiratory muscle training (SIMT) on pulmonary functions, inspiratory muscle performance, dyspnea and quality of life, in patients with PD.

Patients and Methods:

Twenty patients with PD (stage II and III Hoehn and Yahr scale) were recruited for the study and were divided into two groups: a) ten patients who received SIMT and b) ten patients who received sham training, for three months. Pulmonary functions, the respiratory muscle strength and endurance, the perception of dyspnea (POD) and the quality of life were studied before and within one week after the training period. All subjects trained daily, six times a week, each session consisting of 1/2 hour, for 12 weeks.

Results:

Following the training period, there was a significant improvement, in the training group but not in the control group, in the following parameters: inspiratory muscle strength, (PImax, increased from 62.0±8.2 to 78.0±7.5 cm of H2O (p<0.05), inspiratory muscle endurance (increased from 20.0±2.8 to 29.0±3.0 cm of H2O (p<0.05), and the POD (decreased from 17.9±3.2 to 14.0±2.4 units (p<0.05). There was a close correlation between the increase in the inspiratory muscle performance and the decrease in the POD.

Conclusions:

The inspiratory muscle performance may be improved by SIMT in patients with PD. This improvement is associated with a significant decrease in their POD.

RÉSUMÉ: Introduction:

L’atteinte de la fonction pulmonaire et des muscles respiratoires est fréquente chez les patients atteints de la maladie de Parkinson (MP). L’entraînement des muscles inspiratoires peut améliorer la force musculaire, la dyspnée et la capacité fonctionnelle chez des sujets sains et chez des patients atteints de maladie pulmonaire obstructive chronique. L’objectif de cette étude était d’étudier l’effet d’un entraînement spécifique des muscles inspiratoires (ESMI) sur la fonction pulmonaire, la performance des muscles inspiratoires, la dyspnée et la qualité de vie (QDV), chez des patients atteints de MP

Patients et méthodes:

Vingt patients atteints de MP (stade II et III à l’échelle de Hoehn et Yahr) ont été recrutés et divisés en deux groupes, soit dix patients qui ont reçu l’ESMI et dix patients qui ont reçu un entraînement factice pendant trois mois. Les fonctions pulmonaires, la force des muscles respiratoires et l’endurance, la perception de la dyspnée (PDD) et la QDV ont été évaluées avant et au cours de la semaine qui a suivi la période d’entraînement. Tous les sujets s’entraînaient 1/2 heure à tous les jours, six jours par semaine, pendant 12 semaines.

Résultats:

Après la période d’entraînement, on a observé une amélioration significative des paramètres suivants chez le groupe avec ESMI et non chez le groupe témoin : la force des muscles inspiratoires [IP max. augmentée de 62,0 ± 8,2 à 78,0 ± 7,5 cm de H2O (p<0,05)], l’endurance des muscles inspiratoires [augmentée de 20,0 ± 2,8 à 29,0 ± 3,0 cm de H2O (p<0,05)] et la PDD [diminuée de 17,9 ± 3,2 à 14,0 ± 2,4 unités (p<0,05)]. Il existait une étroite corrélation entre l’augmentation de la performance des muscles inspiratoires et la diminution de la PDD.

Conclusions:

L’ESMI peut améliorer la performance des muscles inspiratoires chez les patients atteints de MP. Cette amélioration est associée à une diminution significative de leur PDD.

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Inspiratory Muscle Training and the Perception of Dyspnea in Parkinson's Disease

  • Rivka Inzelberg (a1), Nana Peleg (a2), Puiu Nisipeanu (a3), Rasmi Magadle (a2), Ralph L. Carasso (a1) and Paltiel Weiner (a4)...

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