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GP.04 Network connectivity following a single unprovoked seizure using 7 Tesla resting-state fMRI

  • KM Ikeda (a1), SM Mirsattari (a1), AR Khan (a1), I Johnsrude (a1), JG Burneo (a1) and TM Peters (a1)...

Abstract

Background: Predicting epilepsy following a first seizure is difficult. Network abnormalities are observed in patients with epilepsy using resting-state functional MRI (rs-fMRI), which worsen with duration of epilepsy. We use rs-fMRI to identify network abnormalities in patients after a first seizure that can be used as a biomarker to predict development of epilepsy. Methods: Patients after a single, unprovoked seizure and age/sex matched healthy controls underwent 7 Tesla structural and resting-state functional MRI. Data were analyzed using graph theory measures. Patients were followed for development of epilepsy. Results: Nine patients and nine control subjects were analyzed. There were no differences in baseline characteristics. No patients developed epilepsy (average follow-up 3 months). No differences between groups occurred on a whole-brain network level. At a 20% threshold, significant differences occurred in the default mode network (DMN). Patients demonstrated an increased local efficiency (p=0.02) and clustering coefficient (p=0.04), and decreased path length (p=0.02) and betweenness centrality (p=0.02). Conclusions: No whole-brain network changes occur after a single unprovoked seizure. No patient has developed epilepsy suggesting this group does not have network alterations after a single seizure. In the DMN, the alterations noted indicate increased segregation of network function.

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