Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Hands Up for the Individual! The Role of Attribution Studies in Aegean Prehistory

  • Christine Morris

Extract

Attribution studies, the identification of the work of individual artists, are a familiar aspect of art history, and have also been used to isolate individuals and workshops of the Aegean Bronze Age. This paper examines the methodological issues involved and argues that attribution is feasible for prehistoric material, albeit in only a limited way in comparison, for example, with Classical vase painting. It is further suggested that attribution should be viewed not as an isolated aesthetic pursuit, but be approached contextually, as an integral part of artefact analysis. In this way attribution studies can contribute towards the better understanding of the formation and development of style, the definition of closely contemporary groups of material, and the spatial distribution (and its significance) of the products of individuals. Two case studies are presented to illustrate this approach: Mycenaean pictorial pottery of the fourteenth-thirteenth centuries BC, and a contrasting group of material, clay figurines from the Minoan peak sanctuary of Atsipadhes.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Beard, M., 1991. Adopting an approach II, in Looking at Greek Vases, eds. Rasmussen, T. & Spivey, N.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1235.
Beazley, J.D., 1922. Citharoed us. Journal of Hellenic Studies 42, 7098.
Beazley, J.D., 1963. Attic Red-figure Vase-painters. 2nd ed.Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Benson, J.L., 1961. Observations on Mycenaean vase painters. American Journal of Archaeology 65, 337–47.
Berenson, B., [1902]. Rudiments of connoisseurship (a fragment), in The Study and Criticism of Italian Art, second series, ed. Berenson, B.. London: George Bell, 111–48.
Berenson, B., 1932. Italian Pictures of the Renaissance. Oxford: Phaidon Press.
Berenson, B., 1948. Aesthetics and History. New York (NY): Pantheon.
Betancourt, P.P., 1985. The History ofMinoan Pottery. Princeton (NJ): Princeton University Press.
Betts, J.H., 1981. The jasper Lion' Master: some principles of establishing LM/LH workshops and artists, in Studien zur minoischen und helladischen Glyptik. Corpus der minoischen und mykenischen Siegel, Beiheft 1, ed. Niemeier, W.-D.. Berlin: Gebr. Mann Verlag, 116.
Broodbank, C., 1992. The spirit is willing. Review of C. Renfrew, The Cycladic Spirit. Antiquity 66, 542–6.
Cahen, D. & Karlin, C., 1980. Les artisans de la préhistoire. La Recherche 116, 1258–68.
Cahen, D., Keeley, L.H. & van Noten, F., 1979. Stone tools, tool-kits and human behaviour in prehistory. Current Anthropology 20, 661–83.
Cherry, J.F. 1986. Polities and palaces: some problems in Minoan state formation, in Peer Polity Interaction, eds. Renfrew, C. & Cherry, J.F.. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1945.
Cherry, J.F., 1992. Beazley in the Bronze Age? Reflections on attribution studies in Aegean prehistory, in EIKON. Aegean Bronze Age Iconography: Shaping a Methodology (Aegaeum 8), eds. Laffineur, R. & Crowley, J.L.. Liège: Université de Liège, 123–44.
Courbin, P., 1989. What is Archaeology? London & Chicago (IL): Chicago University Press.
Crouwel, J.H. & Morris, C.E., 1985. Mycenaean pictorial pottery from Tell Atchana (Alalakh). Annual of the British School at Athens 80, 8598.
Crouwel, J.H. & Morris, C.E., 1991. Mycenaean pictorial pottery from early British excavations at Enkomi—in Brussels, Dublin, Oxford, and Reading. Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus, 141–56.
Eisner, J., 1990. Significant details: systems, certainties and the art-historian as detective. Review of D.C. Kurtz, Greek vases: lectures by J.D. Beazley, and of J.C. Boardman, Athenian red figure vases, the classical period: a handbook. Antiquity 64, 950–2.
Friedlander, M.J., 1943. On Art and Connoisseurship. London: Bruno Cassirer.
Furumark, A., 1972. Mycenaean Pottery I: Analysis and Classification. (First published in 1941). Stockholm: Svenska Institutet i Athen.
Getz-Preziosi, P., 1987. Sculptors of the Cyclades: Individual and Tradition in the Third Millennium BC. Ann Arbor (MI): University of Michigan Press.
Gill, D.W.J., 1986. Attic Black-glazed Pottery in the Fifth Century BC: Workshops and Export. Unpublished D. Phil, dissertation, University of Oxford.
Gill, D.W.J. & Chippindale, C., in press (1993). Material and intellectual consequences of esteem for Cycladic figures. American Journal of Archaeology.
Ginzburg, C., 1990. Clues: roots of an evidential paradigm, in Myths, Emblems, Clues. London: Hutchinson Radius, 96125.
Hill, J.N., 1977. Individual variability in ceramics and the study of prehistoric social organization, in The Individualin Prehistory, eds. Hill, J.N. & Gunn, J.. London: Academic Press, 55108.
Hill, J.N. & Gunn, J. (eds.), 1977. The Individual in Prehistory: Studies of Variability in Style in Prehistoric Technologies. New York (NY): Academic Press.
Immerwahr, S.A., 1956. The Protome painter and some contemporaries. American Journal of Archaeology 60, 137–41.
Karageorghis, V., 1956. Two Mycenaean bull kraters in the G.G. Pierides collection, Cyprus. American Journal of Archaeology 60, 143–9.
Karageorghis, V., 1960. Supplementary notes on the Mycenaean vases from the Swedish tombs at Enkomi. Opuscula Atheniensa 3, 135–53.
Karageorghis, V., 1983. Two Mycenaean amphoroid kraters from Cyprus. Report of the Department of Antiquities of Cyprus, 163–7.
Kurtz, D.C., 1983. ‘Gorgos’ cup: an essay in connoisseurship. Journal of Hellenic Studies 103, 6886.
Kurtz, D.C., 1985. Beazley and the connoisseurship of Greek vases, in Greek Vases in the J. Paul Getty Museum II. (Occasional Papers on Antiquities 3.) Malibu (CA): Paul Getty Museum, 237–50.
Kurtz, D.C. & Beazley, J., 1983. The Berlin Painter. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Maiuri, A., 1923. Jalysos: Scavi della missione archeologica Italiana a Rodi. Annuario dell Scuola Archeologica di Atene Vl-VU, 83341.
Marion, J.L., 1989. Sotheby's Preview October/November 1989. London.
Marriott, A., 1986. Maria: The Potter of San Ilefonso. (1st impression 1948). Norman (OK): University of Oklahoma Press.
Morelli, G., 18921893. Italian Painters: Critical Studies of their Works, vols. I—II. London: John Murray.
Morris, C.E., 1989. The Mycenaean Amphoroid Krater: A Study in Form, Design and Function. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of London.
Mountjoy, P.-A., 1984. The Marine Style pottery of LMIB/LHIIA: towards acoryus. Annual of the British School at Athens 79, 161219.
Muller, J., 1977. Individual variability in art styles, in The Individualin Prehistory, eds. Hill, J.N. & Gunn, J.. London: Academic Press, 2339.
Niemeier, W.-D., 1979. The master of the Gournia octopus stirrup jar and a Late Minoan IA pottery workshop at Gournia exporting to Thera, in Temple University Aegean Symposium 4, 1826.
Olivier, J.-P., 1967. Les scribes de Cnossos. Incunabula Graeca XVII. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo.
Palaima, T.G., 1988. The scribes of Pylos. Incunabula Graeca LXXXVII. Rome: Edizioni dell'Ateneo.
Peatfield, A., 1992. Rural ritual in Bronze Age Crete: the peak sanctuary at Atsipadhes. Cambridge Archaeological Journal 2(1), 5987.
Redman, C.L., 1977. The ‘analytical individual’ and prehistoric style variability, in The Individual in Prehistory: Studies of Variability in Style in Prehistoric Technologies, eds. Hill, J.N. & Gunn, J.. New York (NY): Academic Press, 4153.
Rees, A.L. & Borzello, F., 1986. The New Art History. London: Camden Press.
Renfrew, C., 1991. The Cycladic Spirit: Masterpieces from the Nicholas P. Goulandris Collection. London: Thames & Hudson.
Rice, P.M., 1987. Pottery Analysis. A Sourcebook. Chicago (IL): Chicago University Press.
Robertson, M., 1985. Beazley and Attic vase painting, in Beazley and Oxford, ed. Kurtz, D.C.. (Oxford University Committee for Archaeology, Monograph 10.) Oxford: Oxford University Committee for Archaeology, 1930.
Robertson, M., 1989. Beazley's use of terms, in Beazley Addenda. 2nd ed., by Carpenter, T.H.. Oxford: Oxford University Press, xii–xx.
Robertson, M., 1991. Adopting an approach, i, in Looking at Greek Vases, eds. Rasmussen, T. & Spivey, N.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 112.
Rystedt, E., 1990. On distinguishing hands in Mycenaean pictorial vase-painting. Opuscula Atheniensa 18, 167–76.
Schaeffer, C.F.A., 1961. Résumé des résultats de la XXIHe Campagne des Fouilles à Ras Shamra-Ugarit. Annales Archéologiaues de Syrie II, 187–96.
Shanks, M. & Tilley, C., 1987. Re-constructing Archaeology. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Stubbings, F.H., 1951. Some Mycenaean artists. Annual of the British School at Athens 46, 168–76.
Vermeule, E.T., 1972. Greece in the Bronze Age. (First published 1964). Chicago (IL):Chicago University Press.
Vermeule, E.T. & Karageorghis, V., 1982. Mycenaean Pictorial Vase Painting. Cambridge (MA) & London: Harvard University Press.
Weingarten, J., 1983. The Zakro Master and his Place in Prehistory. (Studies in Mediterranean Archaeology Pocketbook 26.) Göteborg: Paul Åströms Forlag.
Whitley, J., in press. Protoattic pottery: a contextual approach, in Classical Greece: Ancient Histories and Modern Archaeologies, ed. Morris, C.. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Wollheim, R., 1973. Giovanni Morelli and the origins of scientific connoisseurship, On Art and the Mind: Essays and Lectures. London: Allen Lane, 177201.
Yanagi, S., 1978. The Unknown Craftsman: A Japanese Insight into Beauty. (First published 1972). Tokyo: Kodansha International.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Cambridge Archaeological Journal
  • ISSN: 0959-7743
  • EISSN: 1474-0540
  • URL: /core/journals/cambridge-archaeological-journal
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed