1 For a valuable survey of a large body of this literature see Cooper, Frederick, “Africa and the World Economy,” African Studies Review 24 (1981): 1–86.
2 The best account of this region's development is Hopkins, A.G., An Economic History of West Africa (New York, 1973).
3 Dahomey has, in fact, been used as a classic case to demonstrate the “nonmarket” economic behavior of Africans in Polanyi, Karl, Dahomey and the Slave Trade: An Analysis of an Archaic Economy (Seattle, 1966).
4 Berry, Sara S., “Work, Migration and Class in Western Nigeria: A Reinterpretation,” in Struggle for the City, ed. Cooper, Frederick (Beverly Hills, 1983); Faure, Y.A. and Medard, J.F., eds., Etat et bourgeoisie en Cote d'Ivoire (Paris, 1982).
5 The main targets of this attack are Arrighi, Giovanni, The Political Economy of Rhodesia (The Hague, 1967); Brett, E.A., Colonialism and Underdevelopment in East Africa (London, 1973); Palmer, Robin and Parsons, Neil, eds., The Roots of Rural Poverty in Central and Southern Africa (Berkeley, 1977).
6 See the exchange between Mosely, and Choate, Stephen in Economic History Review 37 (1984): 409–16.
7 See especially Kitching, Cavin, Class and Economic Change in Kenya (New Haven, 1980); Swainson, Nicola, The Development of Corporate Capitalism in Kenya, 1918–1977 (Berkeley, 1980); Stichter, Sharon, Migrant Labor in Kenya: Capitalism and African Responses, 1895–1975 (London, 1982); among works published earlier but not cited by Mosely, see Ranger, Terence, “Growing from the Roots: Reflections on Peasant Research in Central and Southern Africa,” Journal of Southern African Studies 5, no. 1 (1978): 99–133; Weinrich, A.K., African Farmers in Rhodesia (London, 1975).
8 Perrings, Charles, Black Mineworkers in Central Africa: Industrial Strategies and the Emergence of a Black Proleteriat in the Copperbelt, 1911–1941 (New York, 1977); this is a seminal work not cited by Mhone.
9 Bates, Robert H., Unions, Parties, and Political Development (New Haven, 1971), Buroway, Michael, The Colour of Class on the Copper Mines (Lusaka, 1972); Sklar, Richard, Corporate Power in an African State (Berkeley, 1978).
10 Houghton, D. Hobart, The South African Economy (Capetown, 1964); Horwitz, Ralph, The Political Economy of South Africa (New York, 1967).
11 Innes, Duncan, Anglo-American and the Rise of Modern South Africa (New York, 1984); an earlier statement of Innes's position is cited by Natrass, but not by Yudelman.
12 Ehrensaft, Philip, “Polarized Accumulation and the Theory of Economic Dependence: The Implications of South African Semi-Industrial Capitalism,” in The Political Economy of Contemporary Africa, ed. Gutkind, Peter C.W. and Wallerstein, Immanuel (Beverly Hills, 1976); this very insightful essay tends to be ignored by the entire guild of writers on South African political economy.
13 Freund, Bill, The Making of Contemporary Africa (Bloomington, 1984).
14 Bundy, Colin, The Rise and Fall of the South African Peasantry (Berkeley, 1979).
15 For this see Simkins, Charles, “Agricultural Production in the African Reserves of South Africa, 1918–1969,” Journal of Southern African Studies 7 (1981): 256–83; also Beinart, William and Bundy, Colin, “State Intervention and Rural Resistance: the Transkei, 1900–1965,” in Peasants in Africa, ed. Klein, Martin A. (Beverly Hills, 1980).
16 Hedges, David W., “Trade and Politics in Southern Mozambique and Zululand in the Eighteenth and Early Nineteenth Centuries” (Ph. D. diss., University of London, 1978); the alternative view is best summarized in Guy, Jeff, “Ecological Factors in the Formation of the Zulu State,” in Economy and Society in Pre-Industrial South Africa, ed. Marks, Shula and Atmore, Anthony (London, 1982).