Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Dental and Alveolar Nasals in Dravidian1

  • S. V. Shanmugam

Extract

Burrow and Emeneau (1961, p. xiii, n. 3) have observed that ‘Ta. and Ma. seem to have evidence for two phonemes [/n/, the dental and /ṉ/, the alveolar]a in PDr., but the matter is not yet clear’. This is mainly due to the non-availability of data about the distribution of these phonemes in those two languages and the allophonic distribution, if any, in other languages. With the help of increased material available now, an attempt is made in this paper to find out the history of the development of the two nasal phonemes in Ta. and Ma. and to establish their allophonic nature in PDr. Since definite information about the phonetic nature of the phoneme /n/ is not available for languages such as Kui, Parji, Nk. [Ch.] etc., this study is incomplete to some extent.

Copyright

References

Hide All

For general bibliography, see DED and DEDS. Only those items which involve some discussion are included here.

Acharya, A. S. 1967. Halakki Kannada, Poona.
Agesthialingom, S., and Shanmugam, S. V. 1970. The language of Tamil inscriptions, 1250–1350 A.D. (AUDLP, 23), Annamalainagar.
Andronov, M. 1969. A standard grammar of modern and classical Tamil, Madras.
Arunachalam, P. 1968. History of Tamil syntax—the period of Tolkaippiyam and Sangam (unpublished—thesis submitted to Annamalai University).
Bhat, D. N. S. 1967. Descriptive analysis of Tulu, Poona.
Biligiri, H. S. 1955. ‘The nasal phonemes of Kannada’, IL, xvi, 306–8.
Bray, D. 1909. The Brahui language, I, Calcutta.
Bright, W. 1958. An outline of colloquial Kannada, Poona.
Burrow, T. 1968. Collected papers on Dravidian linguistics (AUDLP, 13), Annamalainagar.
Burrow, T., and Emeneau, M. B. 1961. A Dravidian etymological dictionary, Oxford. (DED)
Burrow, T., and Emeneau, M. B. 1968. A Dravidian etymological dictionary. Supplement, Oxford. (DEDS)
Cingaram, K. 1968. ‘The consonantal system of Tigaḷa, a Tamil dialect’, in Krishnamurti, , 1968, 7580.
Emeneau, M. B. 1937. ‘Phonetic observations on the Brāhūī language’, BSOS, VIII, 4, 981–3.
Glazov, Y. Y. 1968. ‘Non-past tense morphemes in ancient Tamil’, in Krishnamurti, , 1968, 103–9.
Hiremath, R. C. 1961. The structure of Kannada, Dharwar.
Krishnamurti, Bh. 1961. Telugu verbal bases (University of California Publications in Linguistics, xxiv), Berkeley and Los Angeles.
Krishnamurti, Bh. (ed.) 1968. Studies in Indian linguistics (Professor M. B. Emeneau ṣaṣṭipürti volume), Poona and Annamalainagar.
Krishnamurti, Bh. 1969 (a). ‘Dravidian nasals in Brahui’, in Dravidian linguistics (seminar papers), Annamalainagar, 6574.
Krishnamurti, Bh. 1969 (b). Koṇḍa or Kūbi, a Dravidian language (Tribal Cultural Research and Training Institute Publication 2), Hyderabad.
Kushalappa, Gowda, 1970. Gowda Kannada (AUDLP, 20), Annamalainagar.
Mahadevan, I. 1968 (a). ‘Corpus of the Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions’, in Seminar on inscriptions, 1966, Madras.
Mahadevan, I. 1968 (b). ‘Tamil-Brahmi inscriptions of the Sangam age’. Second International Conference-Seminar of Tamil studies, preprint, Madras.
Mahadevan, R. 1968. Gulbarga Kannada (Brahmin dialect), Poona.
Mahadeva Sastri, K. 1969. Historical grammar of Telugu [with special reference to Old Telugu, c. 200 B.O.–A.D. 1000], Anantapur.
Meenakshi Sundaram, T. P. 1965. A history of Tamil language, Poona.
Murugaiyan, K. 1970. ‘Tolkaippiyar's concept of phonetics’ (paper presented in the seminar on Tolkaippiyam, Annamalai University).
Ramaswamy Aiyar, L. V. 1936. ‘Materials for a sketch of TuỊu phonology’, IL, vi, 385439.
Sekhar, A. C. 1953. An evolution of Malayalam, Poona.
Shanmugam, S. V. 1967. Naccinarkkiniyar's conception of phonology (AUDLP, 10), Annamalainagar.
Shanmugam, S. V. 1968. The language of the Tamil inscriptions: 1350 to 1700 A. D. (unpublished—thesis submitted to Annamalai University).
Shanmugam, S. V. 1969. ‘Inflectional increments in Dravidian’, in Dravidian linguistics (seminar papers), Annamalainagar, 2358.
Shanmugam, S. V. 1971. ‘Some problems in Old Tamil phonology’, IIJ, XIII, 1, 3143.
Shanmugam, S. V. In press (a). ‘Gender-number suffixes in Old Tamil nouns’.
Shanmugam, S. V. In press (b). Noun morphology of Dravidian.
Subramoniam, V. I. 1968. ‘A problem in the reconstruction of the Proto-Dravidian nasal phonemes’, in Heesterman, J. C., and others (ed.), Pratidānam: Indian, Iranian and Indo-European studies presented to F. B. J. Kuiper on his sixtieth birthday. The Hague, Paris, 344–7.
Tiwari, U. 1965. ‘Nasal phonemes of “Kurukh”’, IL, XXVI, 229–30.
Upadhyaya, U. P. 1968. Nanjangud Kannada (Vakkaliga dialect), Poona.

Dental and Alveolar Nasals in Dravidian1

  • S. V. Shanmugam

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed