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Systematic reviews and meta-analysis in nutrition research

  • George A. Kelley (a1) and Kristi S. Kelley (a1)


There exists an ever-increasing number of systematic reviews, with or without meta-analysis, in the field of nutrition. Concomitant with this increase is the increased use of such to guide future research as well as both practice and policy-based decisions. Given this increased production and consumption, a need exists to educate both producers and consumers of systematic reviews, with or without meta-analysis, on how to conduct and evaluate high-quality reviews of this nature in nutrition. The purpose of this paper is to try and address this gap. In the present manuscript, the different types of systematic reviews, with or without meta-analyses, are described as well as the description of the major elements, including methodology and interpretation, with a focus on nutrition. It is hoped that this non-technical information will be helpful to producers, reviewers and consumers of systematic reviews, with or without meta-analysis, in the field of nutrition.

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*Corresponding author: George A. Kelley, email


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Systematic reviews and meta-analysis in nutrition research

  • George A. Kelley (a1) and Kristi S. Kelley (a1)


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