UNICEF/UNU/WHO/MI (1999) Preventing iron deficiency in women and children. Technical consensus on key issues. Boston, MA: International Nutrition Foundation.
Allen, LH (1994) Nutritional influences on linear growth: a general review. Eur J Clin Nutr 48, Suppl. 1, S75–S89.
Pollitt, E (1999) Early iron deficiency anemia and later mental retardation. Am J Clin Nutr 69, 4–5.
Pollitt, E, Watkins, WE & Husaini, MA (1997) Three-month nutritional supplementation in Indonesian infants and toddlers benefits memory function 8 y later. Am J Clin Nutr 66, 1357–1363.
Grantham-McGregor, SM & Ani, C (2001) A review of studies on the effect of iron deficiency on cognitive development in children. J Nutr 131, 649S–668S.
Sherriff, A, Emond, A, Bell, JCGolding, J (2001) Should infants be screened for anaemia? A prospective study investigating the relation between haemoglobin at 8, 12, and 18 months and development at 18 months. Arch Dis Child 84, 480–485.
Dijkhuizen, MA, Wieringa, FT, West, CE, Muherdiyantiningsih, Muhilal, (2001) Concurrent micronutrient deficiencies in lactating mothers and their infants in Indonesia. Am J Clin Nutr 73, 786–791.
Whittaker, P (1998) Iron and zinc interactions in humans. Am J Clin Nutr 68, 442S–446S.
Dewey, KG, Domellof, M, Cohen, RJ, Landa Rivera, L, Hernell, O & Lonnerdal, B (2002) Iron supplementation affects growth and morbidity of breast-fed infants: results of a randomized trial in Sweden and Honduras. J Nutr 132, 3249–3255.
Oppenheimer, SJ (2001) Iron and its relation to immunity and infectious disease. J Nutr 131, 616S–635S.
Sazawal, S, Black, RE, Ramsan, M, et al. (2006) Effects of routine prophylactic supplementation with iron and folic acid on admission to hospital and mortality in preschool children in a high malaria transmission setting: community-based, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. Lancet 367, 133–143.
Domellof, M, Lonnerdal, B, Dewey, KG, Cohen, RJ, Rivera, LL & Hernell, O (2002) Sex differences in iron status during infancy. Pediatrics 110, 545–552.
Sherriff, A, Emond, A, Hawkins, N & Golding, J (1999) Haemoglobin and ferritin concentrations in children aged 12 and 18 months. ALSPAC Children in Focus Study Team. Arch Dis Child 80, 153–157.
Wasantwisut, E, Winichagoon, P, Chitchumroonchokchai, C, Yamborisut, U, Boonpraderm, A, Pongcharoen, T, Sranacharoenpong, K & Russameesopaphorn, W (2006) Iron and zinc supplementation improved iron and zinc status, but not physical growth, of apparently healthy, breast-fed infants in rural communities of northeast Thailand. J Nutr 136, 2405–2411.
Berger, J, Ninh, NX, Khan, NC, Nhien, NV, Lien, DK, Trung, NQ & Khoi, HH (2006) Efficacy of combined iron and zinc supplementation on micronutrient status and growth in Vietnamese infants. Eur J Clin 60, 443–454.
Nguyen, XN, Berger, J, Dao, TQ, Nguyen, CK, Traissac, PHa, HK (2002) Efficacy of daily and weekly iron supplementation for the control of iron deficiency anaemia in infants in rural Vietnam. Sante 12, 31–37.
Dijkhuizen, MA, Wieringa, FT, West, CE, Martuti, S & Muhilal, (2001) Effects of iron and zinc supplementation in Indonesian infants on micronutrient status and growth. J Nutr 131, 2860–2865.
Gibson, RS (1990) Principles of nutritional assessment. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Wieringa, FT, Berger, J, Dijkhuizen, MA, Hidayat, A, Ninh, NX, Utomo, B, Wasantwisut, E & Winichagoon, P (2007) Combined iron and zinc supplementation in infants improved iron and zinc status, but interactions reduced efficacy in a multicountry trial in southeast Asia. J Nutr 137, 466–471.
UNICEF (2005) The State of the World's Children 2006. New York: UNICEF.
Institute of Medicine (2000) Dietary Reference Intakes for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium, and Carotenoids. Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press.
Joint FAO/WHO Expert Consultation (2002) Vitamin and mineral requirements in human nutrition. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization.
Lutter, CK & Dewey, KG (2003) Proposed nutrient composition for fortified complementary foods. J Nutr 133, 3011S–3020S.
Sharieff, W, Zlotkin, S, Tondeur, M, Feldman, B & Tomlinson, G (2006) Physiologic mechanisms can predict hematologic responses to iron supplements in growing children: a computer simulation model. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 681–687.
Tondeur, MC, Schauer, CS, Christofides, AL, Asante, KP, Newton, S, Serfass, RE & Zlotkin, SH (2004) Determination of iron absorption from intrinsically labeled microencapsulated ferrous fumarate (sprinkles) in infants with different iron and hematologic status by using a dual-stable-isotope method. Am J Clin Nutr 80, 1436–1444.
Thurlow, RA, Winichagoon, P, Green, T, Wasantwisut, E, Pongcharoen, T, Bailey, KB & Gibson, RS (2005) Only a small proportion of anemia in northeast Thai schoolchildren is associated with iron deficiency. Am J Clin Nutr 82, 380–387.
Weatherall, DJ & Clegg, JB (2001) Inherited haemoglobin disorders: an increasing global health problem. Bull WHO 79, 704–712.
Suharno, D, West, CE, Muhilal, , Karyadi, D & Hautvast, JG (1993) Supplementation with vitamin A and iron for nutritional anaemia in pregnant women in West Java, Indonesia. Lancet 342, 1325–1328.
Wieringa, FT, Dijkhuizen, MA, West, CE, Northrop-Clewes, CA & Muhilal, (2002) Estimation of the effect of the acute phase response on indicators of micronutrient status in Indonesian infants. Journal of Nutrition 132, 3061–3066.