Anil, M. H. & Forbes, J. M. (1980). Feeding in sheep during intraportal infusions of short-chain fatty acids and the effect of liver denervation. Journal of Physiology 298, 407–414.
Anil, M. H. & Forbes, J. M. (1984). Selective liver denervation and feeding behaviour of sheep. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 64, 343–344.
Anil, M. H. & Forbes, J. M. (1988). The roles of hepatic nerves in the reduction of food intake as a consequence of intraportal sodium propionate administration in the sheep. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Phjviology 73, 539–546.
Ash, R. & Baird, G. D. (1973). Activation of volatile fatty acids in bovine liver and rumen epithelium. Evidence for control by autoregulation. Biocheniical Journal 136, 311–319.
Baertschi, A. J. & Vallet, P. G. (1981). Osmosensitivity of the hepatic portal vein area and vasopressin release in rats. Journal of Physiology 315, 217–230.
Baile, C. A. & Forbes, J. M. (1974). Control of feed intake and regulation of energy balance in ruminants. Physiological Reviews 54, 160–214.
Bellinger, L. L. (1981). Commentary on ‘the current status of the hepatostatic theory of food intake control’. Appetite 2, 144–145.
Bergman, E. N. (1990). Energy contributions of volatile fatty acids from the gastrointestinal tract in various species. Physiological Reviews 70, 567–590.
Bergman, E. N., Roe, W. E. & Kon, K. (1966). Quantitative aspects of propionate metabolism and gluconeogenesis in sheep. American Journal of Physiology 211, 793–799.
Burrin, D. G., Ferrell, C. L., Britton, R. A. & Bauer, M. (1990). Level of nutrition and visceral organ size and metabolic activity in sheep. British Journal of Nutrition 64, 439–448.
Burrin, D. G., Ferrell, C. L., Eisemann, J. H., Britton, R. A. & Nienaber, J. A. (1989). Effect of level of nutrition on splanchnic blood flow and oxygen consumption in sheep. British Journal of Nutrition 62, 23–34.
De Jong, A. (1981). Short- and long-term effects of eating on blood composition in free-feeding goats. Journal of Agricultural Science, Cambridge 96, 659–668.
De Jong, A., Steffens, A. B. & De Ruiter, L. (1981). Effects of portal volatile Fatty acid infusions on meal patterns and blood composition in goats. Physiology and Behavior 27, 683–689.
Demigné, C., Yacoub, C., Morand, C. & Rémésy, C. (1991). Interactions between propionate and amino acid metabolism in isolated sheep hepatocytes. British Journal of Nutrition 65, 301–317.
Farningham, D. A. H. (1990). Effect of hepatic portal infusion of propionate or equivalent saline loads on food intake in sheep. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 49, 221A.
Farningham, D. A. H. (1991). Synergism between cholecystokinin octapeptide and propionate in the control of food intake in ruminants. Regulatory Peptides 35, 236.
Grovum, W. L. & Bignell, W. W. (1989). Results refuting volatile fatty acids per se as signals of satiety in ruminants. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 48, 3A.
Hungate, R. E. (1966). The Rumen and its Microbes, 1st ed. New York and London: Academic Press.
Koopmans, H. S. (1984). Hepatic control of food intake. Appetite 5, 127–131.
Niijima, A. (1982). Glucose-sensitive afferent nerve fibres in the hepatic branch of the vagus nerve in the guinea-pig. Journal of Physiology 332, 315–323.
Niijima, A. (1983). Glucose-sensitive afferent nerve fibers in the liver and their role in food intake and blood glucose regulation. Journal of the Autonomic Nervous System 9, 207–220.
Novin, D., Robinson, K., Culbreth, L. A. & Tordoff, M. G. (1985). Is there a role for the liver in the control of food intake? American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 42, 1050–1062.
Novin, D., Sanderson, J. D. & Vanderweele, D. A. (1974). The effect of isotonic glucose on eating as a function of feeding condition and infusion site. Physiology and Behavior 13, 3–7.
Quigley, J. D. & Heitmann, R. N. (1991). Effects of propionate infusion and dietary energy on dry matter intake in sheep. Journal of Animal Science 69, 1178–1187.
Russek, M. (1963). Participation of hepatic glucoreceptors in the control of food intake. Nature 197, 79–80.
Russek, M. (1981). Current status of the hepatostatic theory of food intake control. Appetite 2, 137–143.
Tordoff, M. G., Tluczek, J. P. & Friedman, M. I. (1989). Effect of hepatic portal glucose concentration on food intake and metabolism. American Journal of Physiology 257, R1474 R1480.
Trinder, P. (1969). Determination of glucose in blood using glucose oxidase with an alternative oxygen acceptor. Annals of Clinical Biochemistry 6, 24–27.
Weekes, T. E. C. & Webster, A. J. F. (1975). Metabolism of propionate in the tissues of the sheep gut. British Journal of Nutrition 33, 425–438.