Bruckentahl, I, Huntington, GB, Baer, CK & Erdman, RA (1997) The effect of abomasal infusion of casein and recombinant somatotropin hormone injection on nitrogen balance and amino acid fluxes in portal-drained viscera and net hepatic and total splanchnic blood in Holstein steers. Journal of Animal Science 75, 1119–1129.
Burrin, DG, Britton, RA, Ferrell, CL & Bauer, ML (1991) Level of nutrition and visceral organ protein synthetic capacity and nucleic acid content in sheep. Journal of Animal Science 70, 1137–1145.
Connell, A, Calder, AG, Anderson, SE & Lobley, GE (1997) Hepatic protein synthesis in sheep: effect of intake as monitored by use of stable-isotope-labelled glycine, leucine and phenylalanine. British Journal of Nutrition 77, 255–271.
Elwyn, DH, Launder, WJ, Parikh, HC & Wise, EM (1972) Roles of plasma and erythrocytes in interorgan transport of amino acids in dogs. American Journal of Physiology 222, 1333–1342.
Goodwin, GW, Gibboney, W, Paxton, R, Harris, RA & Lemons, JA (1987) Activities of branch-chain amino acid aminotransferase and branch-chain 2-oxo acid dehydrogenase complex in tissues of maternal and fed sheep. Biochemical Journal 242, 305–308.
Hanigan, MD, France, J, Wray-Cahen, D, Beever, DE, Lobley, GE, Reutzel, L & Smith, NW (1998) Alternative models for analyses of liver and mammary transorgan metabolite extraction data. British Journal of Nutrition 79, 63–78.
Hargreaves, KM & Pardridge, WM (1988) Neutral amino acid transport at the human blood-brain barrier. Journal of Biological Chemistry 263, 19392–19397.
Heitmann, RN & Bergman, EN (1978) Glutamine metabolism, inter-organ transport and glucogenicity in the sheep. American Journal of Physiology 234, E197–E203.
Heitmann, RN & Bergman, EN (1980) Transport of amino acids in whole blood and plasma of sheep. American Journal of Physiology 239, E242–E247.
Houlier, ML, Patureau Mirand, P, Durand, D, Bauchart, D, Lefaivre, J & Bayle, G (1991) Transport des acides aminés dans l'aire splanchnique par le plasma sanguin et le sang chez le veau préruminant (Transport of amino acids across the splanchnic bed in plasma and blood in the preruminant calf). Reproduction Nutrition Development 31, 399–410.
Koeln, LL, Schlagheck, TG & Webb, KE (1993) Amino acid flux across the gastrointestinal tract and liver of calves. Journal of Dairy Science 76, 2275–2285.
Lapierre, H, Bernier, JF, Dubreuil, P, Reynolds, CK, Farmer, C, Ouellet, DR & Lobley, GE (2000) The effect of feed intake level on splanchnic metabolism in growing beef steers. Journal of Animal Science 78, 1084–1099.
Le Floc'h, N, Mézière, N & Sève, B (1999) Whole blood and plasma amino acid transfers across the portal drained viscera and liver of the pig. Reproduction Nutrition Development 39, 433–442.
Lobley, GE (1998) Nutritional and hormonal control of muscle and peripheral tissue metabolism in farm species. Livestock Production Science 56, 91–114.
Lobley, GE, Bremner, D, Nieto, R, Obitsu, T, Hotston Moore, A & Brown, DS (1998) Transfers of N-metabolites across the ovine liver in response to short-term infusion of an amino acid mixture into the mesenteric vein. British Journal of Nutrition 80, 371–379.
Lobley, GE, Connell, A, Lomax, MA, Brown, DS, Milne, E, Calder, AG & Farningham, DAH (1995) Hepatic detoxification of ammonia in the ovine liver, possible consequences for amino acid catabolism. British Journal of Nutrition 73, 667–685.
Lobley, GE, Connell, A, Revell, DK, Bequette, BJ, Brown, DS & Calder, AG (1996) Splanchnic-bed transfers of amino acids in sheep blood and plasma, as monitored through use of a multiple U-13C-labelled amino acid mixture. British Journal of Nutrition 75, 217–235.
Lobley, GE & Milano, GD (1997) Regulation of hepatic nitrogen metabolism in ruminants. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 56, 547–563.
Lochs, H, Morse, EL & Adibe, SA (1990) Uptake and metabolism of dipeptides by human red blood cells. Biochemical Journal 271, 133–137.
McGivan, JD & Bradford, NM (1977) The transport of branched-chain amino acids into isolated rat liver cells. FEBS Letters 80, 380–384.
MacRae, JC, Walker, A, Brown, D & Lobley, GE (1993) Accretion of total protein and individual amino acids by organs and tissues of growing lambs and the ability of nitrogen balance techniques to quantitate protein retention. Animal Production 57, 237–245.
MacRae, JC, Bruce, LA, Brown, DS & Calder, AG (1997) Amino acid use by the gastrointestinal tract of sheep given lucerne forage. American Journal of Physiology 273, G1200–G1207.
Meijer, AJ, Blommaart, EFC, Dubbelhuis, PF & van, Sluijters (1999) Regulation of hepatic nitrogen metabolism In Proceedings of the VIIIth International Symposium on Protein Metabolism and Nutrition. European Association for Animal Production Publication no.96, pp. 155–175. [GE, Lobley, A, White & JC, MacRae, editors]. Wageningen: Wageningen Pers.
Mukkur, TK, Watson, DL, Saini, KS & Lascelles, AK (1985) Purification and characterization of goblet-cell mucin of high M r from the small intestine of sheep. Biochemical Journal 229, 419–428.
Narkewicz, MR, Jones, G & Morales, D (2000) Serine and glycine transport in fetal ovine hepatocytes. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 1474, 41–46.
Ogawa, H, Fujioka, M, Su, Y, Kanamoto, R & Pitot, HC (1991) Nutritional regulation and tissue-specific expression of serine dehydratase gene in rat. Journal of Biological Chemistry 266, 20412–20417.
Pell, JM, Calderone, EM & Bergman, EN (1986) Leucine and α-ketoisocaproate metabolism and interconversions in fed and fasted sheep. Metabolism 35, 1005–1016.
Perez, JF & Reeds, PJ (1998) A new stable isotope method enables the simultaneous measurement of nucleic acid and protein synthesis in vivo in mice. Journal of Nutrition 128, 1562–1569.
Reeds, PJ, Burrin, DG, Stoll, B & van Goudoever, JB (1999) Consequences and regulation of gut metabolism. In Proceedings of the VIIIth International Symposium on Protein Metabolism and Nutrition. European Association for Animal Production Publication no 96, pp. 127–153. [GE, Lobley, A, White & JC, MacRae, editors]. Wageningen: Wageningen Pers.
Reynolds, CK, Harmon, DL, Prior, RL & Tyrrell, HF (1994) Effects of mesenteric vein L-alanine infusion on liver metabolism of organic acids by beef heifers fed diets differing in forage:concentrate ratio. Journal of Animal Science 72, 3196–3206.
Savary, IC, Hoskin, SO, Dennison, N & Lobley, GE (2001) Lysine metabolism across the hindquarters of sheep; effect of intake on transfers from plasma and the red blood cells. British Journal of Nutrition 85, 565–573.
Wapnir, RA, Hawkins, RL & Lifshitz, F (1972) Hyperaminoacidemia effects on intestinal transport of related amino acids. American Journal of Physiology 223, 788–793.
White, MF (1985) The transport of cationic amino acids across the plasma membrane of mammalian cells. Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 822, 355–374.
Whitt, J, Huntingdon, G, Zetina, E, Casse, E, Taniguchi, K & Potts, W (1996) Plasma flow and net nutrient flux across gut and liver of cattle fed twice daily. Journal of Animal Science 74, 2450–2461.
Wolff, JE, Bergmann, EN & Williams, HH (1972) Net metabolism of plasma amino acids by liver and portal-drained viscera of fed sheep. American Journal of Physiology 223, 438–446.
Wray-Cahen, D, Roberts, S, Metcalf, JA, Backwell, FRC, Bequette, BJ, Brown, DS, Sutton, JD & Lobley, GE (1997) Hepatic response to increased exogenous supply of plasma amino acids by infusion into the mesenteric vein of Holstein–Friesian cows in late gestation. British Journal of Nutrition 78, 913–930.