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Nutritional status of pre-pregnant and pregnant women residing in Bogor district, Indonesia: a cross-sectional dietary and nutrient intake study

  • Siti Madanijah (a1) (a2), Dodik Briawan (a1) (a2), Rimbawan Rimbawan (a1) (a2), Zulaikhah Zulaikhah (a1), Nuri Andarwulan (a1) (a3), Lilis Nuraida (a1) (a3), Tonny Sundjaya (a4), Laksmi Murti (a5), Priyali Shah (a6) and Jacques Bindels (a6)...

Abstract

The diet of Indonesian women of childbearing age is relatively poor, posing increased risk for suboptimal pregnancy outcome. In a cross-sectional study including 403 women in three economic quintiles (Q), we investigated differences in dietary intake and nutrition sufficiency according to economic status and whether regular dietary intakes of pregnant women (PW, n 203) differ from that of pre-pregnant women (PPW, n 200). Dietary intake data were collected using 2×24 h dietary recall and FFQ. Energy, protein, Fe, Ca, Zn, vitamin A and vitamin C intakes were calculated utilising Food Composition Tables and compared with Indonesian recommendations for adequacy. Energy and protein intakes <70 % and Fe, Ca, Zn, vitamin A and vitamin C intakes <77 % of the local recommendation were considered insufficient. A higher intake of milk/dairy products (Q3, Q4), fruits and vegetables (Q2) and snacks (Q3) in PW was observed compared with PPW, but insufficient to meet nutrient requirements. Nutrient intake calculations showed insufficiency in 26 % of PPW for protein and up to 70 % for Fe. Deficient nutrient intakes in PW were found in 49 % of the subjects for energy and up to 85 % for Fe. Energy and protein intakes decreased with decreasing economic quintiles in PPW and PW. Ca and vitamin A intakes were lower in Q2 compared with Q4. The proportion of animal protein in Q2-PW was low (31 %). Biochemical status parameters in a subset showed that anaemia and Fe and Zn deficiencies were prevalent among PPW and PW. Habitual diets in the study area did not meet the nutrient requirements for both PPW and PW across the investigated economic groups.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

* Corresponding author: Dr J. Bindels, email jacques.bindels@danone.com

Footnotes

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Publication of these papers was supported by unrestricted educational grants from PT Sarihusada Generasi Mahardhika and PT Nutricia Indonesia Sejahtera. The papers included in this supplement were invited by the Guest Editors and have undergone the standard journal formal review process. They may be cited. The Guest Editors declare that there are no conflicts of interest.

Footnotes

References

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Keywords

Nutritional status of pre-pregnant and pregnant women residing in Bogor district, Indonesia: a cross-sectional dietary and nutrient intake study

  • Siti Madanijah (a1) (a2), Dodik Briawan (a1) (a2), Rimbawan Rimbawan (a1) (a2), Zulaikhah Zulaikhah (a1), Nuri Andarwulan (a1) (a3), Lilis Nuraida (a1) (a3), Tonny Sundjaya (a4), Laksmi Murti (a5), Priyali Shah (a6) and Jacques Bindels (a6)...

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