Adair, LS, Pollitt, E, (1985) Outcome of maternal nutritional supplementation: a comprehensive review of the Bacon Chow study. Am J Clin Nutr 41, 948–978.
Allen, LH, (2000) Anemia and iron deficiency: effects on pregnancy outcome. Am J Clin Nutr 71, 1280S–1284S.
Anderson, JW, Johnstone, BM & Remley, DT (1999) Breast-feeding and cognitive development: a meta-analysis. Am JClin Nutr 70, 525–535.
Antipatis, C, Grant, G & Ashworth, CJ (2000) Moderate maternal vitamin A deficiency affects perinatal organ growth and development in rats. Br J Nutr 84,125–132.
Bayley, N (1969) Manual for the Bayley Scales of Development. New York: The Psychological Corporation.
Bayley, N (1993) Manual for the Bayley Scales of Development San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation.
Chen, Q, Connor, JRBeard, JL, (1995) Brain iron transferrin and ferritin concentrations are altered in developing iron-deficient rats. J Nutr 125, 1529–1535.
Felt, BTLozoff, B (1996) Brain iron and behavior of rats are not normalized by treatment of iron deficiency anemia during early development. J Nutr 126, 693–701.
Grantham-McGregor, SAni, C (2001) A review of studies on the effect of iron deficiency on cognitive development in children. J Nutr 131, 649S–666S.
Grantham-McGregor, S, Walker, SPChang, SM (2000) Nutritional deficiencies and later behavioral development. Proc Nutr Soc 59, 47–54.
Hamadani, JD, Fuchs, GJ, Osendarp, SJ et al. (2001) Randomized controlled trial of the effect of zinc supplementation on the mental development of Bangladeshi infants. Am J Clin Nutr 74, 381–386.
Hassard, TH (1991) Understanding Biostatistics. St Louis, MO: Mosby.
Humphrey, JH, Agoestina, T & Juliana, A (1998) Neonatal vitamin A supplementation: effect on development and growth at 3y of age. Am J Clin Nutr 68, 109–117.
Husaini, MA, Karyadi, L, Husaini, YK et al. (1991) Developmental effects of short-term supplementary feeding in nutritionally-at-risk Indonesian infants. Am J Clin Nutr 54, 799–804.
Idjradinata, PPollitt, E (1993) Reversal of developmental delays in iron-deficient anaemic (1993)Reversal of developmental delays in iron-deficient anaemic infants treated with iron. Lancet 341, 1–4.
Jeliffe, DB (1996) The Assessment of the Nutritional Status of the Community. WHO Monograph Series, no. 53. GenevaWHO.
Levitsky, DA & Strupp, BJ (1995) Malnutrition and the brain: changing concepts, changing concerns. J Nutr 125, 2212S–2220S.
Lozoff, B, Brittenham, GM, Viteri, FE, Wolf, AW & Urrutia, JJ (1982) The effects of short-term oral iron therapy on developmental deficits in iron-deficient anemic infants. J Pediatr 100, 351–357.
Lozoff, B, Jimenez, E & Wolf, AW (1991) Long-term developmental outcome of infants with iron deficiency. New Engl J Med 325, 687–694.
Maden, M (2000) The role of retinoic acid in embryonic and post-embryonic development. Proc Nutr Soc 59, 65–73.
Muslimatun, S, Schmidt, MK, Schultink, W et al. (2001 a) Weekly supplementation with iron and vitamin A during pregnancy increases hemoglobin concentration but decreases serum ferritin concentration in Indonesian pregnant women. J Nutr 131, 85–90.
Muslimatun, S, Schmidt, MK, West, CE et al. (2001 b) Weekly vitamin A and iron supplementation during pregnancy increases vitamin A concentration of breast milk but not iron status in Indonesian lactating women. J Nutr 131, 2664–2669.
Nokes, CVan den Bosch, C & Bundy, DAP (1998) The effects of iron deficiency and anemia on mental and motor performance educational achievement and behavior in children. A Report of The International Nutritional Anemia Consultative Group. Washington, DC: International Life Science Institute.
Ortega, RM, Andres, P, Martinez, RMLopez-Sobaler, AM (1997), Vitamin A status during the third trimester of pregnancy in Spanish women: influence on concentrations of vitamin A in breast milk. Am J Clin Nutr 66, 564–568.
Pollitt, E (2001) Statistical and psychobiological significance in developmental research. Am J Clin Nutr 74, 281–282.
Pollitt, E, Watkins, WE & Husaini, MA (1997) Three-month nutritional supplementation in Indonesian infants and toddlers benefits memory function 8y later. Am J Clin Nutr 66, 1357–1363.
Ramakrishnan, U, Manjrekar, R, Rivera, J, Gonzales, CT & Martorell, R (1999) Micronutrients and pregnancy outcome: A review of the literature. Nutr Res 19, 103–159.
Schmidt, MK, Muslimatun, S, Schultink, W, West, CE & Hautvast, JGAJ (2002) Randomised double-blind trial of the effect of vitamin A supplementation of Indonesian pregnant women on morbidity and growth of their infants during the first year of life. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 338–346.
Schmidt, MK, Muslimatun, S, West, CE, Schultink, W & Hautvast, JGAJ (2001) Vitamin A and iron supplementation of Indonesian pregnant women benefits vitamin A status of their infants. Br J Nutr 86, 607–615.
Scholl, TO & Hediger, ML (1994) Anemia and iron-deficiency anemia: compilation of data on pregnancy outcome. Am J Clin Nutr 59, 492S–500S.
Schultink, JW & Gross, R (1996) Iron deficiency alleviation in developing countries. Nutr Res Rev 9, 281–293.
Siimes, MA, Salmenpera, L & Perheentupa, J (1984) Exclusive breast-feeding for 9 months: risk of iron deficiency. J Pediatr 104, 196–199.
Suharno, D, West, CE, Muhilal, , Karyadi, D & Hautvast, JG (1993) Supplementation with vitamin A and iron for nutritional anaemia in pregnant women in West Java Indonesia. Lancet 342, 1325–1328.
Underwood, BA (1994) Maternal vitamin A status and its importance in infancy and early childhood. Am J Clin Nutr 59, 517S–522S.
United Nations Administrative Committee on Coordination/Sub-committee on Nutrition (2000) Fourth Report on the World Nutrition Situation. Nutrition Throughout the Life Cycle. Geneva: ACC/SCN in collaboration with IFPRI.
Wauben, IP & Wainwright, PE (1999) The influence of neonatal nutrition on behavioral development: a critical appraisal. Nutr Rev 57, 35–44.
Yip, R (2000) Significance of an abnormally low or high hemoglobin concentration during pregnancy: special consideration of iron nutrition. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 272S–278S.
Zile, MH (2001) Function of vitamin A in vertebrate embryonic development. J Nutr 131, 705–708.