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Increased anxiety-like behavior is an early symptom of vitamin E deficiency that is suppressed by adrenalectomy in rats

  • Yuki Terada (a1), Hiroya Ohashi (a1), Yuki Otani (a1), Kanako Tokunaga (a1) and Asako Takenaka (a1)...

Abstract

We previously reported that dietary vitamin E deficiency increased anxiety-like behavior in rats exposed to social isolation. Here, we performed a detailed investigation of this phenomenon and its underlying mechanism. First, we fed Wistar rats with vitamin E-free diet for 3 days, 1 week, or 2 weeks and found an increase in anxiety-like behavior after 1 and 2 weeks of vitamin E deficiency based on behavioral indicators. Next, we examined the effect of a control diet (150 mg all-racemic α-tocopherol acetate/kg) on anxiety-like behaviors in rats that received a 4- week vitamin E-free diet. We found that increased anxiety-like behavior was reversed to control levels after refeeding vitamin E for 7 days but not for 1 or 3 days. Further, anxiety-like behavior increased or decreased gradually based on the amount of vitamin E intake; however, it had a quicker progression than physical symptoms of vitamin E deficiency. Moreover, rats fed with excess vitamin E (500 mg all-racemic α-tocopherol/kg diet) showed less anxiety-like behavior than control rats, indicating that vitamin E supplementation is effective for preventing anxiety increase under social isolation stress. Since plasma corticosterone levels were higher in vitamin E deficient rats, we investigated the effect of adrenalectomy on anxiety-like behavior and found that adrenal hormones played an essential role in the increased anxiety-like behavior induced by vitamin E deficiency. In conclusion, increased anxiety-like behavior is a symptom that emerges earlier than physical vitamin E deficiency and is caused by adrenal hormone-dependent mechanisms.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: A. Takenaka, e-mail: takenaka@meiji.ac.jp, Tel: +81-44-934-7834/Fax: +81-44-934-7902.

Keywords

Increased anxiety-like behavior is an early symptom of vitamin E deficiency that is suppressed by adrenalectomy in rats

  • Yuki Terada (a1), Hiroya Ohashi (a1), Yuki Otani (a1), Kanako Tokunaga (a1) and Asako Takenaka (a1)...

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