1Elmadfa, I & König, J (2001) 17th International Congress of Nutrition. Abstracts. Ann Nutr Metab 45, 1–636.
2Gilloteau, P, Lemonnier, D & Lairon, D (2007) 10th European Nutrition Conference. Abstracts. Ann Nutr Metab 51, 1–421.
3Margetts, B & Nelson, M (1997) Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemilogy, 2nd ed.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
4Frank, GC (1996) Applied Nutrition Epidemiology. Gaithersburg, MD: Aspen Press.
5Riboli, E, Hunt, KJ, Slimani, N, et al. (2002) European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC): study populations and data collection. Public Health Nutr 5, 1113–1124.
6Slimari, N, Kaaks, R, Ferrari, P, et al. (2002) European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) calibration study: rationale, design and population characteristics. Public Health Nutr 5, 1125–1146.
7Leitzmann, C & Cannon, G (2005) The New Nutrition Science project. Public Health Nutr 8, 724–804.
8Yngve, A (2007) Food and drink marketing to children: a continuing scandal. Public Health Nutr 10, 971–972.
9Sarault, NA (1997) 16th International Congress of Nutrition. Abstracts. Ottawa: National Research Council Canada.
10Trichopoulou, A & Naska, A (2001) Special Issue: the DAFNE initiative assessment of dietary patterns across Europe using household budget survey data. Public Health Nutr 4, 1135–1141.
13Elmadfa, I & Weichselbaum, E (2005) European Nutrition and Health Report 2004. Forum Nutr 58, 1–223.
22García-Álvarez, A, Blanquer, M, Ribas-Barba, L, et al. (2009) How does the quality of surveys for nutrient intake adequacy assessment compare across Europe? A scoring system to rate the quality of data in such surveys. EURRECA Network of Excellence (NoE). Br J Nutr 101, Suppl. 2, S51–S63.
23Elmadfa, I & Freisling, H (2005) Fat intake, diet variety and health promotion. Forum Nutr 57, 1–10.
24Koenig, J & Elmadfa, I (1999) Food-based dietary guidelines-the Austrian perspective. Br J Nutr 81, Suppl. 2, S31–S35.
25Rust, P & Elmadfa, I (2005) Attitudes of Austrian adults to the consumption of fruits and vegetables. Forum Nutr 57, 91–99.
26Yngve, A, Wolf, A, Poortvliet, E, et al. (2005) Fruit and vegetable intake in a sample of 11-year-old children in 9 European countries: The Pro Children Cross-sectional Survey. Ann Nutr Metab 49, 236–245, .
27Elmadfa, I (2009) .
28Bazelmans, C, Dramaix, M, Kornitzer, M, et al. (2005) Application of a dietary pattern approach in the Belgium context. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 53, 182–191.
29De Craene, I, De Backer, G, Kornitzer, M, et al. (1989) Determinants of fat consumption in a general population. Arch Belg 47, 98–100.
30De Henauw, S, Wilms, L, Mertens, J, et al. (1997) Overall and meal-specific macronutrient intake in Belgian primary school children. Ann Nutr Metab 41, 89–97.
31Lenaers, S, Goffin, I, Vinck, J, et al. (2006) The nutrition situation of young children in Flanders. Verh K Acad Geneeskd Belg 68, 33–53.
32Matthys, C, De Henauw, S, Bellemans, M, et al. (2006) Sources of saturated fatty acids in Belgian adolescents' diet: implications for the development of food-based dietary guidelines. Br J Nutr 95, 546–554.
33Matthys, C, De Henauw, S, Devos, C, et al. (2003) Estimated energy intake, macronutrient intake and meal pattern of Flemish adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 366–375.
34Pynaert, I, Matthys, C, Bellemans, M, et al. (2005) Iron intake and dietary sources of iron in Flemish adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 826–834.
35Sioen, IA, Pynaert, I, Matthys, C, et al. (2006) Dietary intakes and food sources of fatty acids for Belgian women, focused on n-6 and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Lipids 41, 415–422.
36Staessen, L, De Bacquer, D, De Henauw, S, et al. (1998) Fatty acid composition of the Belgian diet: estimates derived from the Belgian interuniversity research on nutrition and health. Ann Nutr Metab 42, 151–159.
37Staessen, L, De Henauw, S, De Bacquer, D, et al. (1998) Fat sources in the Belgian diet. Ann Nutr Metab 42, 138–150.
38Vereecken, CA, Bobelijn, K & Maes, L (2005) School food policy at primary and secondary schools in Belgium-Flanders: does it influence young people's food habits? Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 271–277.
39Wind, M, de Bourdeaudhuij, I, te Velde, SJ, et al. (2006) Correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption among 11-year-old Belgian-Flemish and Dutch schoolchildren. J Nutr Educ Behav 38, 211–221.
41Ivanova, L, Dimitrov, P, Ovcharova, D, et al. (2006) Economic transition and household food consumption: a study of Bulgaria from 1985 to 2002. Econ Hum Biol 4, 383–397, .
42National Nutrition Monitoring of Bulgaria (2009) .
43Noah, A & Truswell, AS (2001) There are many Mediterranean diets. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 10, 2–9.
44Panagiotakos, DB, Zeimbekis, A, Boutziouka, V, et al. (2007) Long-term fish intake is associated with better lipid profile, arterial blood pressure, and blood glucose levels in elderly people from Mediterranean islands (MEDIS epidemiological study). Med Sci Monit 13, CR307–CR312.
45Panagiotakos, DB & Polychronopoulos, E (2006) MEDIS Study – Mediterranean Islands Epidemiological Study. Harokopio: University of Athens.
46Lazarou, C (2009) .
47Lazarou, C, Panagiotakos, DB, Panayiotou, G, et al. (2008) Overweight and obesity in preadolescent children and their parents in Cyprus: prevalence and associated socio-demographic factors – the CYKIDS study. Obes Rev 9, 185–193, .
48Dofkova, M, Kopriva, V, Resova, D, et al. (2001) The development of food consumption in the Czech Republic after 1989. Public Health Nutr 4, 999–1003.
49Fiala, J & Brázdová, Z (2000) A comparison between the lifestyles of men and women-parents of school age children. Cent Eur J Public Health 8, 94–100.
50Hainer, V, Kunesova, M, Bellisle, F, et al. (2006) The eating inventory, body adiposity and prevalence of diseases in a quota sample of Czech adults. Int J Obes 30, 830–836.
51Humeníkova, L & Gates, GE (2007) Dietary intakes, physical activity, and predictors of child obesity among 4–6th graders in the Czech Republic. Cent Eur J Public Health 15, 232–238.
52Kobzová, J, Vignerová, J, Bláha, P, et al. (2004) The 6th nationwide anthropological survey of children and adolescents in the Czech Republic in 2001. Cent Eur J Public Health 12, 126–130.
53Kovárová, M, Vignerová, J, Bláha, P, et al. (2002) Bodily characteristics and lifestyle of Czech children aged 7·00 to 10·99 years, incidence of childhood obesity. Cent Eur J Public Health 10, 169–173.
54Müllerová, D, Aujezdská, A, Stozický, F, et al. (1998) Evaluation of diet in a sample of Czech mothers six months after delivery. Cas Lek Cesk 137, 624–627.
55Wagenknecht, M, Hainer, V, Kunesová, M, et al. (2007) Relationships between the ‘eating inventory’ factors, socioeconomic status, anthropometric body adiposity indexes and health risks in Czech population. Cas Lek Cesk 146, 284–286, .
57Due, P, Holstein, BE, Ito, H, et al. (1991) Diet and health behavior in Danish children aged 11–15 years. Ugeskr Laeger 153, 984–988.
58Haraldsdóttir, J (1999) Dietary guidelines and patterns of intake in Denmark. Br J Nutr 81, Suppl. 2, S43–S48.
59Haraldsdóttir, J, Astrup, AV, Dynesen, AW, et al. (2002) Steadily changing food consumption of Danes. Clear trends during the period 1995–2001. Ugeskr Laeger 164, 2028–2033.
60Haraldsdóttir, J, Halkjaer, J, Holm, L, et al. (1999) Changes in food habits among the population from 1995 to 1998. Ugeskr Laeger 161, 5028–5033.
61Osler, M & Heitmann, BL (1997) Food patterns associated with intakes of fat, carbohydrate and dietary fibre in a cohort of Danish adults followed for six years. Eur J Clin Nutr 51, 354–361.
62Osler, M, Heitmann, BL, Gerdes, LU, et al. (2001) Dietary patterns and mortality in Danish men and women: a prospective observational study. Br J Nutr 85, 219–225.
63Osler, M, Heitmann, BL & Schroll, M (1997) Ten year trends in the dietary habits of Danish men and women. Cohort and cross-sectional data. Eur J Clin Nutr 51, 535–541.
64Osler, M, Milman, N & Heitmann, BL (1998) Dietary and non-dietary factors associated with iron status in a cohort of Danish adults followed for six years. Eur J Clin Nutr 52, 459–463.
65Lyhne, N, Christensen, T, Groth, MV, et al. (2005) Danskernes Kostvaner 2000–2002. The Danish National Survey of Dietary Habits and Physical Activity. Søborg: National Food Institute.
66Villa, I, Yngve, A, Poortvliet, E, et al. (2007) Dietary intake among under-, normal- and overweight 9- and 15-year-old Estonian and Swedish schoolchildren. Public Health Nutr 10, 311–322.
67Pomerleau, J, McKee, M, Robertson, A, et al. (2000) Nutrition and Lifestyle in the Baltic Republics. Estonian Adults Nutrition Survey. London: London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine.
68Haapalahti, M, Mykkänen, H, Tikkanen, S, et al. (2003) Meal patterns and food use in 10- to 11-year-old Finnish children. Public Health Nutr 6, 365–370.
69Keski-Rahkonen, A, Kaprio, J, Rissanen, A, et al. (2003) Breakfast skipping and health-compromising behaviours in adolescents and adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 842–853.
70Kosonen, H, Rimpelä, A, Rauma, AL, et al. (2005) Consumption of special diet among Finnish adolescents in 1979–2001: repeated national cross-sectional surveys. Soz Praventivmed 50, 142–150.
71Lyytikäinen, A, Lamberg-Allardt, C, Kannas, L, et al. (2005) Food consumption and nutrient intakes with a special focus on milk product consumption in early pubertal girls in Central Finland. Public Health Nutr 8, 284–289.
72Ovaskainen, ML, Reinivuo, H, Tapanainen, H, et al. (2006) Snacks as an element of energy intake and food consumption. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 494–501.
73Prättälä, R, Helasoja, V & Mykkänen, H (2001) The consumption of rye bread and white bread as dimensions of health lifestyles in Finland. Public Health Nutr 4, 813–819.
74Roos, E & Prättälä, R (1997) Meal pattern and nutrient intake among adult Finns. Appetite 29, 11–24.
76National Public Health Institute (2003) The National FINDIET 2002 Study. Helsinki: Publications of the National Public Health Institute B3/2003.
77Bellisle, F & Rolland-Cachera, MF (2007) Three consecutive (1993, 1995, 1997) surveys of food intake, nutritional attitudes and knowledge, and lifestyle in 1000 French children, aged 9–11 years. J Hum Nutr Diet 20, 241–251.
78Bertrais, S, Polo Luque, ML, Preziosi, P, et al. (2000) Contribution of ready-to-eat cereals to nutrition intakes in French adults and relations with corpulence. Ann Nutr Metab 44, 249–255.
79Boggio, V, Grossiord, A, Guyon, S, et al. (1999) Food consumption of infants and young children in France in 1997. Arch Pediatr 6, 740–747.
80Carrière, I, Delcourt, C, Lacroux, A, et al. (2007) Nutrient intake in an elderly population in southern France (POLANUT): deficiency in some vitamins, minerals and omega-3 PUFA. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 77, 57–65.
81Deheeger, M, Rolland-Cachera, MF, Pequignot, F, et al. (1990) Longitudinal study of the feeding of children of 10 months, 2 and 4 years of age. Arch Fr Pediatr 47, 531–537.
82Galan, P, Preziosi, P, Durlach, V, et al. (1997) Dietary magnesium intake in a French adult population. Magnes Res 10, 321–328.
83Kesse, E, Boutron-Ruault, MC & Clavel-Chapelon, F (2005) Regional dietary habits of French women born between 1925 and 1950. Eur J Nutr 44, 285–292, .
84Lafay, L, Vray, M, Boute, D, et al. (1998) Food and nutritional data for a population from northern France: the Fleurbaix Laventie Ville Santé (FLVS) Study. Rev Epidemiol Sante Publique 46, 263–275.
85Platat, C, Perrin, AE, Oujaa, M, et al. (2006) Diet and physical activity profiles in French preadolescents. Br J Nutr 96, 501–507.
86Preziosi, P, Galan, P, Deheeger, M, et al. (1999) Breakfast type, daily nutrient intakes and vitamin and mineral status of French children, adolescents, and adults. J Am Coll Nutr 18, 171–178.
87Touvier, M, Lioret, S, Vanrullen, I, et al. (2006) Vitamin and mineral inadequacy in the French population: estimation and application for the optimization of food fortification. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 76, 343–351.
88Vol, S, Doctoriarena, A, Le Clésiau, H, et al. (1992) Food habits of adults in France. Epidemiological data. Presse Med 21, 1105–1109.
89Castetbon, K & Hercberg, S (2007) Etude Nationale Nutrition Santé – ENNS, 2006. Situation nutritionnelle en France en 2006 selon les indicateurs d'objectif et les repères du Programme national nutrition santé (PNNS). (National Nutrition Health Survey – ENNS, 2006. Nutritional Situation in France in 2006 According to Objective Indicators and Benchmarks of the National Nutrition Health (PNNS)). Paris: Institut de veille sanitaire.
90Agence Française de sécurité sanitaire des aliments (2008) INCA 2 Les premiers résultats d'une enquête d'intérêt général à forte valeur ajoutée. Étude Individuelle Nationale des Consommations Alimentaires, 2007. (INCA 2 Preliminary Results of a Survey of Interest in High Value Added. National Study of Food Consumption, 2007). Paris: Agence Française de sécurité sanitaire des aliments.
91Alexy, U & Kersting, M (2003) Time trends in the consumption of dairy foods in German children and adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 1331–1337.
92Alexy, U, Kersting, M & Sichert-Hellert, W (2003) Trends in dietary intake of vitamins A, C, and E in German children and adolescents – results of the DONALD Study. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 73, 335–342.
93Beitz, R, Mensink, GB, Hintzpeter, B, et al. (2004) Do users of dietary supplements differ from nonusers in their food consumption? Eur J Epidemiol 19, 335–341.
94Beitz, R, Mensink, GB, Fischer, B, et al. (2002) Vitamins – dietary intake and intake from dietary supplements in Germany. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 539–545.
95Heseker, H, Hartmann, S, Kübler, W, et al. (1995) An epidemiologic study of food consumption habits in Germany. Metabolism 44, Suppl. 2, 10–13.
96Jungjohann, SM, Lührmann, PM, Bender, R, et al. (2005) Eight-year trends in food, energy and macronutrient intake in a sample of elderly German subjects. Br J Nutr 93, 361–378.
97Kersting, M, Sichert-Hellert, W, Alexy, U, et al. (1998) Macronutrient intake of 1 to 18 year old German children and adolescents. Z Ernahrungswiss 37, 252–259.
98Mensink, GB & Beitz, R (2004) Food and nutrient intake in East and West Germany, 8 years after the reunification – The German Nutrition Survey 1998. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 1000–1010.
99Sichert-Hellert, W, Kersting, M, Alexy, U, et al. (2000) Ten-year trends in vitamin and mineral intake from fortified food in German children and adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 81–86.
100Thamm, M, Mensink, GB & Thierfelder, W (1999) Folic acid intake of women in childbearing age. Gesundheitswesen 61, 207–212.
101Volkert, D, Kreuel, K, Heseker, H, et al. (2004) Energy and nutrient intake of young-old, old-old and very-old elderly in Germany. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 1190–1200.
102Volkert, D, Kreuel, K & Stehle, P (2005) Fluid intake of community-living, independent elderly in Germany – a nationwide, representative study. J Nutr Health Aging 9, 305–309.
103Wolfram, N, Hillger, C, Jüttler, G, et al. (2007) Nutrition in childhood-demands and reality. Outcomes of the nutrition and catering situation in Saxon day-care centers. Dtsch Med Wochenschr 42, 2201–2205.
104Kroke, A, Manz, F, Kersting, M, et al. (2004) The German DONALD Study (Dortmund Nutritional and Anthropometric Longitudinally Designed Study). Eur J Nutr 43, 45–54.
105Arvaniti, F, Panagiotakos, DB, Pitsavos, C, et al. (2006) Dietary habits in a Greek sample of men and women: the ATTICA study. Cent Eur J Public Health 14, 74–77.
106Hassapidou, MN & Fotiadou, E (2001) Dietary intakes and food habits of adolescents in northern Greece. Int J Food Sci Nutr 52, 109–116.
107Manios, Y & Kafatos, A (2006) Health and nutrition education in primary schools in Crete: 10 years follow-up of serum lipids, physical activity and macronutrient intake. Br J Nutr 95, 568–575.
108Moschandreas, JA & Kafatos, A (2002) Calcium intake in relation to diet and health indicators in Cretan primary and high school pupils, Greece. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 72, 264–277.
109Moschandreas, J & Kafatos, A (1999) Food and nutrient intakes of Greek (Cretan) adults. Recent data for food-based dietary guidelines in Greece. Br J Nutr 81, Suppl. 2, S71–S76.
110Roma-Giannikou, E, Adamidis, D, Gianniou, M, et al. (1997) Nutritional survey in Greek children: nutrient intake. Eur J Clin Nutr 51, 273–285.
111Trichopoulou, A, Kouris-Blazos, A, Vassilakou, T, et al. (1995) Diet and survival of elderly Greeks: a link to the past. Am J Clin Nutr 61, Suppl. 6, S1346–S1350.
112Trichopoulou, A, Psaltopoulou, T, Orfanos, P, et al. (2007) Low-carbohydrate–high-protein diet and long-term survival in a general population cohort. Eur J Clin Nutr 61, 575–581, .
113Trichopoulou, A, Toupadaki, N, Tzonou, A, et al. (1993) The macronutrient composition of the Greek diet: estimates derived from six case-control studies. Eur J Clin Nutr 47, 549–558.
114Roma-Giannikou, E, Adamidis, D, Gianniou, M, et al. (1997) First national Greek Nutritional Survey. Nutritional survey in Greek children: nutrient intake. Eur J Clin Nutr 51, 273–285.
115Manios, Y (2006) The Growth, Exercise and Nutrition Epidemiological Study in preSchoolers (GENESIS). Design and descriptive results of the ‘Growth, Exercise and Nutrition Epidemiological Study in preSchoolers’: The GENESIS Study. BioMed Central Public Health 15, 6–32.
116Naska, A, Orfanos, P, Chloptios, I, et al. (2005) Greek component dietary habits in Greece: The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and nutrition (the EPIC project). Arch Hellenic Med 22, 259–269.
117Arvaniti, F, Panagiotakos, DB, Pitsavos, C, et al. (2006) Dietary habits in a Greek sample of men and women: The ATTICA Study. Cent Eur J Publ Health 14, 74–78.
118Hassapidou, MN, Fotiadou, E, Maglara, E, et al. (2006) Energy intake, diet composition, energy expenditure and obesity of adolescents in northern Greece. Obesity 14, 855–862.
119Antal, M, Nagy, K, Bíró, L, et al. (2003) Cross-sectional survey on the nutritional and life-style habits of secondary school students in Hungary. Orv Hetil 144, 1631–1636.
120Biró, G, Antal, M & Zajkás, G (1996) Nutrition survey of the Hungarian population in a randomized trial between 1992–1994. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 201–208.
121Biró, L, Zajkás, G, Greiner, E, et al. (2007) Hungarian National Dietary survey, 2003–2004. Micronutrients: mineral salts. Orv Hetil 148, 703–708.
122Rodler, I, Bíró, L, Greiner, E, et al. (2005) Dietary survey in Hungary, 2003–2004. Orv Hetil 146, 1781–1789.
123Rurik, I (2004) Evaluation on lifestyle and nutrition among Hungarian elderly. Z Gerontol Geriatr 37, 33–36.
124Rurik, I (2006) Nutritional differences between elderly men and women. Primary care evaluation in Hungary. Ann Nutr Metab 50, 45–50, .
1253rd National Nutrition Survey (a part of the National Health Survey of the Population; in Hungarian: OLEF). 3rd paper on the results (vitamins) of this study in 2007. (2007) Hungarian Med J (Orvosi Hetilap) 148, 1593–1600.
126Rurik, I (2006) Nutritional differences between elderly men and women. Ann Nutr Metab 50, 45–50.
127Rurik, I (2004) Evaluation on lifestyle and nurition among Hungarian elderly. Z Geront Geriat 37, 33–36.
128Bíró, G, Antal, M & Zajkás, G (1996) Nutrition survey of the Hungarian population in a randomized trial between 1992–1994. Eur J Clin Nutr 50, 201–208.
129Péter, S, Regöly-Mérei, A, Bíró, L, et al. (2007) Lifestyle of school children: representative survey in Metropolitan elementary Schools – Part One. Ann Nutr Metab 51, 448–453.
130Gunnarsson, BS, Thorsdottir, I & Palsson, G (2004) Iron status in 2-year-old Icelandic children and associations with dietary intake and growth. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 901–906.
131Thórsdóttir, I & Gunnarsdóttir, I (2005) Vitamin D in nutrition of young Icelandic children. Laeknabladidb 91, 581–586.
132Wolf, A, Yngve, A, Elmadfa, I, et al. (2005) Fruit and vegetable intake of mothers of 11-year-old children in nine European countries: The Pro Children Cross-sectional Survey. Ann Nutr Metab 49, 246–254, .
133Yngve, A, Wolf, A, Poortvliet, E, et al. (2005) Fruit and vegetable intake in a sample of 11-year-old children in 9 European countries: The Pro Children Cross-sectional Survey. Ann Nutr Metab 49, 236–245, .
135Cosgrove, M, Flynn, A & Kiely, M (2005) Consumption of red meat, white meat and processed meat in Irish adults in relation to dietary quality. Br J Nutr 93, 933–942.
136Gabhainn, SN, Nolan, G, Kelleher, C, et al. (2005) Dieting patterns and related lifestyles of school-aged children in the Republic of Ireland. Public Health Nutr 5, 457–462.
137Galvin, MA, Kiely, M, Harrington, KE, et al. (2001) The North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey: the dietary fibre intake of Irish adults. Public Health Nutr 4, 1061–1068.
138Hannon, EM, Kiely, M, Harrington, KE, et al. (2001) The North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey: mineral intakes in 18–64-year-old adults. Public Health Nutr 4, 1081–1088.
139Harrington, KE, McGowan, MJ, Kiely, M, et al. (2001) Macronutrient intakes and food sources in Irish adults: findings of the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey. Public Health Nutr 4, 1051–1060.
140Harrington, KE, Robson, PJ, Kiely, M, et al. (2001) The North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey: survey design and methodology. Public Health Nutr 4, 1037–1042.
141Hurson, M, Corish, C & Sugrue, S (1997) Dietary intakes in Ireland of a healthy elderly population. Ir J Med Sci 166, 220–224.
142Hill, TR, O'brien, MM, Cashman, KD, et al. (2004) Vitamin D intakes in 18–64-y-old Irish adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 1509–1517.
143Kiely, M, Flynn, A, Harrington, KE, et al. (2001) Sampling description and procedures used to conduct the North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey. Public Health Nutr 4, 1029–1035.
144McNulty, H, Eaton-Evans, J, Cran, G, et al. (1996) Nutrient intakes and impact of fortified breakfast cereals in schoolchildren. Arch Dis Child 75, 474–481.
145O'Brien, MM, Kiely, M, Harrington, KE, et al. (2001) The North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey: vitamin intakes in18–64-year-old adults. Public Health Nutr 4, 1069–1079.
146O'Brien, MM, Kiely, M, Galvin, M, et al. (2003) The importance of composite foods for estimates of vegetable and fruit intakes. Public Health Nutr 6, 711–726.
147Strain, JJ, Robson, PJ, Livingstone, MB, et al. (1994) Estimates of food and macronutrient intake in a random sample of Northern Ireland adolescents. Br J Nutr 72, 343–352.
148Villegas, R, Salim, A, Collins, MM, et al. (2004) Dietary patterns in middle-aged Irish men and women defined by cluster analysis. Public Health Nutr 7, 1017–1024.
149National Nutrition Surveillance Centre (2003) Dietary Habits of the Irish Population: Results from SLÁN. Annual Report. Dublin: National Nutrition Surveillance Centre, http://www.healthpromotion.ie/research (accessed January 2009).
151Higgins, M (2001) North/South Ireland Food Consumption Survey – by IUNA (Irish Universities Nutrition Alliance). Dublin: Food Safety Promotion Board.
152Bellù, R, Riva, E, Ortisi, MT, et al. (1995) Calcium intakes in a sample of 35,000 Italian schoolchildren. J Int Med Res 23, 191–199.
153Corrêa Leite, ML, Nicolosi, A, Cristina, S, et al. (2003) Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (I). A cluster analysis of food consumption. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 1514–1521.
154Corrêa Leite, ML, Nicolosi, A, Cristina, S, et al. (2003) Dietary and nutritional patterns in an elderly rural population in Northern and Southern Italy: (II). Nutritional profiles associated with food behaviours. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 1522–1529.
155Inelmen, EM, Gimenez, GF, Gatto, MR, et al. (2000) Dietary intake and nutritional status in Italian elderly subjects. J Nutr Health Aging 4, 91–101.
156Lombardi-Boccia, G, Aguzzi, A, Cappelloni, M, et al. (2003) Total-diet study: dietary intakes of macro elements and trace elements in Italy. Br J Nutr 90, 1117–1121.
157Piffer, S, Kaisermann, D & Pasquazzo, MT (2003) Dietary habits in primary school children. Role of school meals and parents's social class. Ann Ig 15, 1097–1098.
158Turrini, A, Saba, A, Perrone, D, et al. (2001) Food consumption patterns in Italy: the INN-CA Study 1994–1996. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 571–588.
159Welch, AA, Lund, E, Amiano, P, et al. (2002) Variability of fish consumption within the 10 European countries participating in the European Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) Study. Public Health Nutr 5, 1273–1285.
160Turrini, A & Leclercq, C (2006) Food Consumption Patterns in Italy, INRAN-SCAI 2005–2006. Rome: Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca per gli Alimenti e la Nutrizione.
161Turrini, A, Sap, A, Operone, D, et al. (2001) Food Consumption Patterns in Italy: The INN-CA 1994–1996. Rome: Istituto Nazionale di Recerca per gli Alimenti e la Nutrizione, Istituto Nazionale di Statistica.
162Petkeviciene, J, Klumbiene, J, Prättälä, R, et al. (2007) Educational variations in the consumption of foods containing fat in Finland and the Baltic countries. Public Health Nutr 10, 518–523.
163Pomerleau, J, McKee, M, Robertson, A, et al. (2001) Macronutrient and food intake in the Baltic republics. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 200–207.
164Joffe, R (2009) National Food Consumption Survey. Latvia: Food Centre of Food and Veterinary Service of Latvia.
165Abaravicius, JA, Kucinskiene, Z, Songaliene, J, et al. (1998) Study of nutritional behavior in a group of Lithuanian men. Z Ernahrungswiss 37, Suppl. 1, 136–138.
166Grabauskas, V, Petkeviciene, J, Kriaucioniene, V, et al. (2004) Health inequalities in Lithuania: education and nutrition habits. Medicina 40, 875–883.
167Grabauskas, V, Zaborskis, A, Klumbiene, J, et al. (2004) Changes in health behavior of Lithuanian adolescents and adults over 1994–2002. Medicina 40, 884–890.
168Kasmel, A, Helasoja, V, Lipand, A, et al. (2004) Association between health behaviour and self-reported health in Estonia, Finland, Latvia and Lithuania. Eur J Public Health 14, 32–36.
169Kriaucioniene, V, Petkeviciene, J & Klumbiene, J (2008) Dietary patterns and their association with sociodemographic factors in Lithuanian adult population. Medicina (Kaunas) 44, 799–804.
170Puska, P, Helasoja, V, Prättälä, R, et al. (2003) Health behaviour in Estonia, Finland and Lithuania 1994–1998. Standardized comparison. Eur J Public Health 13, 11–17.
171Skemiene, L, Ustinaviciene, R, Piesine, L, et al. (2007) Peculiarities of medical students' nutrition. Medicina 43, 145–152.
172Barzda, A (2008) Macronutrient, Food Intake & Health Behaviour in Lithuanian Population. Vilnius: National Nutrition Center Lithuanian Ministry of Health.
173Guillaume, M, Lapidus, L & Lambert, A (1998) Obesity and nutrition in children. The Belgian Luxembourg Child Study IV. Eur J Clin Nutr 52, 323–328.
174Paulus, D, Saint-Remy, A & Jeanjean, M (2001) Dietary habits during adolescence – results of the Belgian Adolux Study. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 130–136.
175Noah, A & Truswell, AS (2001) There are many Mediterranean diets. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 10, 2–9.
176Tessier, S & Gerber, M (2005) Factors determining the nutrition transition in two Mediterranean islands: Sardinia and Malta. Public Health Nutr 8, 1286–1292.
178Feunekes, GI, Stafleu, A, de Graaf, C, et al. (1997) Family resemblance in fat intake in The Netherlands. Eur J Clin Nutr 51, 793–799.
179Giskes, K, Lenthe Fv, F, Brug, HJ, et al. (2004) Dietary intakes of adults in the Netherlands by childhood and adulthood socioeconomic position. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 871–880.
180Hulshof, KF, Brussaard, JH, Kruizinga, AG, et al. (2003) Socio-economic status, dietary intake and 10 y trends: the Dutch National Food Consumption Survey. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 128–137.
181Hulshof, KF, Löwik, MR, Kok, FJ, et al. (1991) Diet and other life-style factors in high and low socio-economic groups (Dutch Nutrition Surveillance System). Eur J Clin Nutr 45, 441–450.
182Hulshof, KF, Wedel, M, Löwik, MR, et al. (1992) Clustering of dietary variables and other lifestyle factors (Dutch Nutritional Surveillance System). J Epidemiol Community Health 46, 417–424.
183Kromhout, D, de Lezenne Coulander, C, Obermann-de Boer, GL, et al. (1990) Changes in food and nutrient intake in middle-aged men from 1960 to 1985 (the Zutphen Study). Am J Clin Nutr 51, 123–129.
184Löwik, MR, Hulshof, KF & Brussaard, JH (1999) Patterns of food and nutrient intakes of Dutch adults according to intakes of total fat, saturated fatty acids, dietary fibre, and of fruit and vegetables. Br J Nutr 81, Suppl. 2, S91–S98.
185Schuit, AJ, van Loon, AJ, Tijhuis, M, et al. (2002) Clustering of lifestyle risk factors in a general adult population. Prev Med 35, 219–224.
189Andersen, LF, Nes, M, Sandstad, B, et al. (1995) Dietary intake among Norwegian adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr 49, 555–564.
190Andersen, LF, Øverby, N & Lillegaard, IT (2004) Intake of fruit and vegetables among Norwegian children and adolescents. Tidsskr Nor Laegeforen 124, 1396–1398.
191Johansson, LR, Solvoll, K, Bjørneboe, GE, et al. (1998) Intake of very-long-chain n-3 fatty acids related to social status and lifestyle. Eur J Clin Nutr 52, 716–721.
192Moreiras, O, van Staveren, WA, Cruz, JA, et al. (1991) Intake of energy and nutrients. Euronut SENECA investigators. Eur J Clin Nutr 45, Suppl. 3, 105–119.
193Wandel, M (1995) Dietary intake of fruits and vegetables in Norway: influence of life phase and socio-economic factors. Int J Food Sci Nutr 46, 291–301.
194Lande, B, Andersen, LF, Bærug, A, et al. (2003) Infant feeding practices and associated factors in the first six months of life: The Norwegian Infant Nutrition Survey. Acta Pædiatr 92, 152–161.
195Lande, B, Andersen, LF, Veierød, MB, et al. (2004) Breast-feeding at 12 months of age and dietary habits among breast-fed and non-breast-fed infants. Public Health Nutr 7, 495–503.
197Andersen, LF, Nes, M, Sandstad, B, et al. (1995) Dietary intake among Norwegian adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr 49, 555–564.
198Andersen, LF, Nes, M, Bjørneboe, G, et al. (1997) Food habits among 13-year old Norwegian adolescents. Scand J Nutr 41, 150–154.
199Johansson, L, Solvoll, K, Bjørneboe, EA, et al. (1997) Dietary habits among Norwegian men and women Scand. J Nutr 47, 63–70.
201Augustyniak, U & Brzozowska, A (2002) Nutrients intake of the adolescents in Poland – ten year's literature review (1990–2000). Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 53, 399–406.
202Biela, U & Pajak, A (2005) Intake of selected nutrients by perceived control over life, over health and general control in men and women aged 45–64, residents of Kraków. Przegl Lek 62, 1367–1371.
203Kolarzyk, E, Ostachowska-Gasior, A & Skop, A (2005) The protein participation in daily diet and nutritional status of medical students in Kraków. Rocz Akad Med Bialymst 50, Suppl. 1, 39–41.
204Pardo, B, Sygnowska, E, Rywik, S, et al. (1991) Dietary habits of the middle-aged Warsaw population in 1984 relative to nutritional guidelines. Appetite 16, 1–15.
205Suliga, E (2006) Nutritional status and dietary habits of urban and rural Polish adolescents. Anthropol Anz 64, 399–409.
206Szewczyński, JA & Ostrowska, A (2002) Changes of dietary habits among Warsaw Medical University students in the years 1985–2001. Wiad Lek 55, Suppl. 1, 489–495.
207Szponar, L & Rychlik, E (2002) Dietary intake elderly subjects in rural and urban area in Poland. Pol Merkur Lekarski 13, 490–496.
208Weker, H (2000) Evaluation of the nutritional status and feeding patterns of 3–7 year old children – results of a questionnaire. Med Wieku Rozwoj 4, Suppl. 1, 41–52.
209Wierzbicka, E, Brzozowska, A & Roszkowski, W (2001) Energy and nutrients intake of elderly people living in the Warsaw region, Poland. J Nutr Health Aging 5, 248–252.
210Szponar, L, Sekula, W, Rychlik, E, et al. (2003) . Publication of National Food and Nutrition Institute no. 101. Warsaw: National Food and Nutrition Institute.
211Broda, G (2005) National Health Survey in Poland – WOBASZ Project. Warsaw: Department of Human Nutrition, Warsaw Agricultural University.
212Charzewska, J (2006) Nutritional Survey – Dietary Habits, Nutrient Intake and Nutritional Status were Assessed. Warsaw: National Food and Nutrition Institute.
213Charzewska, J (2002) Assessment of Nutritional Status of Postmenopausal Women and Dietary Habits of Warsaw Postmenopausal Women Aged 60, 70 Years. Warsaw: National Food and Nutrition Institute.
214Marques-Vidal, P, Ravasco, P, Dias, C, et al. (2006) Trends of food intake in Portugal, 1987–1999: results from the National Health Surveys. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 1414–1422, .
215Moreira, P, Padez, C, Mourão, I, et al. (2005) Dietary calcium and body mass index in Portuguese children. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 861–867.
217Barros, H (2007) EPITeen Cohort Study. Porto: Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, University of Porto Medical School.
218Barros, R, Moreira, A, Fonseca, J, et al. (2008) Adherence to the Mediterranean diet and fresh fruit intake are associated with improved asthma control. Allergy 63, 917–923.
219Graça, MJ, Dias, AL, Rodrigues, CM, et al. (2001) Inquérito nacional de saúde – Dados Gerais – Continente 98/99. (National Health Survey – General Data – Mainland 98/99). Lisboa: Instituto Nacional de Saúde Dr. Ricardo Jorge.
220Albu, A, Indrei, LL, Gavăt, V, et al. (2005) Specifics of food intake by schoolchildren in the rural areas of Moldova. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 109, 153–157.
221Petrescu, C, Avram, CL, Suciu, OV, et al. (2005) Nutrition in preschool children from Băile-Herculane. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 109, 365–372.
222Petrescu, C, Buleandră, CF, Doroftei, S, et al. (2004) Nutrients in food intake of medical students, Timişoara. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 108, 338–342.
223Zapîrtan, H, Ionuţ, C, Vlad, M, et al. (2006) Dietary imbalance in some communities of Transylvania. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 110, 993–998.
224Albu, A, Prejbeanu, I, Gavat, I, et al. (2004) Aspects of children's nutritional habits in two rural communities. Rev Med Chir Soc Med Nat Iasi 108, 343–347.
225Vlad, M (2008) Aging and Nutrition Project, Nutritional status in elderly-Romania. Ann Nutr Metab 52, Suppl. 1, 62–71.
226Pavlović, M, Grujić, V & Oshaug, A (2005) Nutrition and physical activity of the population in Serbia. World Rev Nutr Diet 94, 51–59.
227Ministry of Health Republic of Serbia (2007) National Health Survey 2006. Belgrade: Ministry of Health Republic of Serbia.
228Pavlović, M, Majkić, SN, Kadvan, A, et al. (2001) Nutrition as the risk factor for atherosclerosis. Jugoslov Med Biohem 20, 107–115.
229Pavlović, M, Kadvan, A, Vukotić, M, et al. (2006) . In Yugoslav Study of Atherosclerosis Precursors in Schoolchildren in Serbia from 1998–2003, Monograph 262–285 [Nedeljkovic, S, editor]. Belgrade: CIBID Press.
230Pavlović, M & Kadvan, A (2006) . In Yugoslav Study of Atherosclerosis in Schoolchildren in Serbia from 1998–2003, Monograph 254–261 [Nedeljkovic, S, editor]. Belgrade: CIBID Press.
231Pavlović, M, Kadvan, A & Vukotić, M (2005) . [Koletzko, B, Dodds, P, Akerblom, H and Ashwell, M, editors]. In Early Nutrition and it's Later Consequences: New Opportunities, Perinatal Programming Of Adult Health-EC Supported Research, Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology: Springer Science+Business Media New York vol. 569, pp. 212–213.
232Stefániková, Z, Jurkovicová, J, Sevcíková, L, et al. (2001) Did the nutrition of Slovak medical students change? A comparison after 15 years. Cent Eur J Public Health 9, 223–227.
233Stefanikova, Z, Sevcikova, L, Jurkovicova, J, et al. (2006) Positive and negative trends in university students' food intake. Bratisl Lek Listy 107, 217–220.
234Koch, V (1999) Nutritional Habits of Slovenian Adults in Health Protection Aspect. Ljubljana: University of Ljubljana.
235Aranceta, J, Pérez Rodrigo, C, Eguileor, I, et al. (1998) Food consumption patterns in the adult population of the Basque Country (EINUT-I). Public Health Nutr 1, 185–192.
236Aranceta, J, Serra-Majem, L, Pérez-Rodrigo, C, et al. (2001) Vitamins in Spanish food patterns: the eVe Study. Public Health Nutr 4, 1317–1323.
237Aroca, MD, Menárguez, JF, Luna, C, et al. (1997) Dietary habits and consumption patterns in a health district. Aten Primaria 19, 72–79.
238de Rufino, PM, Muñoz, P & Gómez, E (1999) Frequency of food intake by adolescent schoolchildren in Cantabria, Spain. Comparison with the consensus document: food guidelines for the Spanish population. Gac Sanit 13, 449–455.
239Estévez, MD, Doreste, JL, Henríquez, P, et al. (1994) Food habits among children in a district of the island of Gran Canaria. Aten Primaria 14, 1141–1147.
240López-Frías, M, Nestares, T, Iañez, I, et al. (2005) Nutrient intake adequacy in schoolchildren from a Mediterranean area (southern Spain). Influence of the use of the school canteen. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 75, 312–319.
241Maldonado, R & Villalbí, JR (1993) Food preferences among students. An Esp Pediatr 39, 10–14.
242Morales, O, Ochoa, JJ, López-Frías, M, et al. (2007) Vitamin intake in the adult population of the Andalusian Autonomous Community. Nutr Hosp 22, 108–111.
243Royo-Bordonada, MA, Gorgojo, L, de Oya, M, et al. (2003) Food sources of nutrients in the diet of Spanish children: the Four Provinces Study. Br J Nutr 89, 105–114.
244Royo-Bordonada, MA, Gorgojo, L, Martín-Moreno, JM, et al. (2003) Investigators of the Four Provinces Study. Spanish children's diet: compliance with nutrient and food intake guidelines. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 930–939.
245Ruano, I & Serra, ME (1997) Eating and life style habits in primary school student population from Mataro (Barcelona) associated with consumption of sugar and TV watching. Rev Esp Salud Publica 71, 487–498.
246Serra-Majem, L, Ribas Barba, L, Pérez-Rodrigo, C, et al. (2002) Determinants of nutrient intake among children and adolescents: results from the enKid Study. Ann Nutr Metab 46, Suppl. 1, S31–S38.
247Tur, JA, Romaguera, D & Pons, A (2004) Food consumption patterns in a mediterranean region: does the mediterranean diet still exist? Ann Nutr Metab 48, 193–201, .
248Serra-Majem, L, Ribas Barba, L, Pérez Rodrigo, C, et al. (2003) Dietary habits and food consumption in Spanish children and adolescents (1998–2000): socioeconomic and demographic factors. Med Clin 121, 126–131.
249Serra-Majem, L, Ribas Barba, L, Pérez Rodrigo, C, et al. (2006) Nutrient adequacy in Spanish children and adolescents. Br J Nutr 96, Suppl. 1, S49–S57.
250Serra-Majem, L & Aranceta, J (2000). vol. 1: Desayuno y equilibrio alimentario. (2001) vol. 2: Obesidad infantil y juvenil. (2002) vol. 3: Alimentación infantil y juvenil. (2003) vol. 4: Crecimiento y desarrollo. Krece Plus. (2004) vol. 5: Nutrición infantil y juvenil. (2006) vol. 6: Actividad física y salud (vol. 1: Breakfast and Balanced Diet. (2001), vol. 2: Obese Children and Adolescents. (2002), vol. 3: Feeding Children and Adolescents. (2003), vol. 4: Growth and Development. Kreća Plus. (2004), vol. 5: Child and Adolescent Nutrition. (2006), vol. 6: Physical Activity and Health).
252Serra Majem, L () () . vol. 1: Hábitos alimentarios y consumo de alimentos. (1999), vol. 2: Factores de riesgo cardiovascular. (2000), vol. 3: Ingesta de energía, nutrientes y riesgo de ingestas inadecuadas. (2000), vol. 4: Evaluación bioquímica del estado nutricional. (2000), vol. 5: Conocimientos, opiniones y actitudes, vol. 5: Política de nutrición en Canarias (vol.1: Food habits and Food Consumption. (1999), vol. 2: Cardiovascular Risk Factors. (2000), vol. 3: Intake of Energy, Nutrients and Risk of Inadequate Intakes. (2000), vol. 4: Assessment of Nutritional Biochemistry. (2000), vol. 5: Knowledge, Opinions and Attitudes, vol. 5: Nutrition Policy in the Canaries), http://www.gobiernodecanarias.org/sanidad/scs/1/plansalud/enca/ppal_enca.htm.
253Serra Majem, L (2000) Evaluación del estado nutricional de la población canaria (1997–98) (Assessment of nutritional status of the population canaria (1997–98)). Arch Latinoamer Nutr 50, Suppl. 1, S1–S70.
255Requejo, AM, Ortega, RM & Rivas, T (1994) Estado nutritivo en colectivos escolares madrileños. (Nutritional Status in School Collectives Madrileños). Madrid: Ayuntamiento de Madrid.
256Ortega, RM, Rodríguez, E & López, AM (2007) . In Nutrición y alimentación en la promoción de la salud pp. 279–293, [Ortega, RM, Requejo, AM and Martínez, RM, editors]. Cuenca: Universidad Internacional Menéndez y Pelayo.
257Tur, JA (2002) Nutritional Survey of the Balearic Islands (ENIB, 1999–2000). Revista de Ciència 27–30.
258Bergström, E, Hernell, O & Persson, LA (1993) Dietary changes in Swedish adolescents. Acta Paediatr 82, 472–480.
259Eiben, G, Andersson, CS, Rothenberg, E, et al. (2004) Secular trends in diet among elderly Swedes – cohort comparisons over three decades. Public Health Nutr 7, 637–644.
260Höglund, D, Samuelson, G & Mark, A (1998) Food habits in Swedish adolescents in relation to socioeconomic conditions. Eur J Clin Nutr 52, 784–789.
261Nydhal, M, Andersson, J, Sidenvall, B, et al. (2003) Food and nutrient intake in a group of self-managing elderly Swedish women. J Nutr Health Aging 7, 67–74.
262Rothenberg, E, Bosaeus, I & Steen, B (1993) Intake of energy, nutrients and food items in an urban elderly population. Aging (Milano) 5, 105–116.
263Samuelson, G, Bratteby, LE, Berggren, K, et al. (1996) Dietary iron intake and iron status in adolescents. Acta Paediatr 85, 1033–1038.
264Samuelson, G, Bratteby, LE, Enghardt, H, et al. (1996) Food habits and energy and nutrient intake in Swedish adolescents approaching the year 2000. Acta Paediat Suppl 415, S1–S19, .
265Sjöberg, A, Hallberg, L, Höglund, D, et al. (2003) Meal pattern, food choice, nutrient intake and lifestyle factors in The Göteborg. Adolescence Study. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, 1569–1578.
266Villa, I, Yngve, A, Poortvliet, E, et al. (2007) Dietary intake among under normal- and overweight 9- and 15-year-old Estonian and Swedish schoolchildren. Public Health Nutr 10, 311–322.
267Von Post-Skagegård, M, Samuelson, G, Karlström, B, et al. (2002) Changes in food habits in healthy Swedish adolescents during the transition from adolescence to adulthood. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 532–538.
268Wolf, A, Yngve, A, Elmadfa, I, et al. (2005) Fruit and vegetable intake of mothers of 11-year-old children in nine European countries: The Pro Children Cross-sectional Survey. Ann Nutr Metab 49, 246–254, .
269Becker, W (1998) Riskmaten: 1997–1998. Svenskarna äter nyttigare-allt fler väljer grönt. Rismaten 1997–1998. The Swedes eat more healthy (Risk Maten :1997–1998. Swedes eat healthier, more and more choose green. Rismaten 1997–1998. The Swedes eat more healthy). Var Föda 51, 24–27.
270Eiben, G, Andersson, CS, Rothenberg, E, et al. (2004) Secular trends in diet among elderly Swedes – cohort comparisons over three decades. Public Health Nutr 7, 637–644.
273Beer-Borst, S & Amadò, R (1996) Dietary survey ‘HEUREKA’ 1991: dietary intake of a Swiss collective assessed by a self-administered 24-hour recall questionnaire. Soz Praventivmed 41, 295–302.
274Cavadini, C, Decarli, B, Dirren, H, et al. (1999) Assessment of adolescent food habits in Switzerland. Appetite 32, 97–106.
275Decarli, B, Cavadini, C, Grin, J, et al. (2000) Food and nutrient intakes in a group of 11 to 16 year old Swiss teenagers. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 70, 39–147.
276Eichholzer, M & Bisig, B (2000) Daily consumption of (red) meat or meat products in Switzerland: results of the 1992/93 Swiss Health Survey. Eur J Clin Nutr 54, 136–342.
277Eichholzer, M & Bisig, B (1999) Inadequate fruit and vegetable consumption in Switzerland: results of the Swiss Health Survey 1992/93. Soz Praventivmed 44, 143–151.
280Morabia, A (2002) . Le Bus Santé 2000, instrument de l'observatoire épidémiologique genevois. (Bus Health 2000, Instrument of the Observatory Epidemiological Genevois). Geneva: Médicine et Hygiène.
282Billson, H, Pryer, JA & Nichols, R (1999) Variation in fruit and vegetable consumption among adults in Britain. An analysis from the dietary and nutritional survey of British adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 53, 946–952.
283Cowin, I & Emmett, P (2007) Diet in a group of 18-month-old children in South West England, and comparison with the results of a national survey. J Hum Nutr Diet 20, 254–267.
284Crozier, SR, Robinson, SM, Borland, SE, et al. (2006) Dietary patterns in the Southampton Women's Survey. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 1391–1399, .
285Emmett, P, Rogers, I & Symes, C (2002) Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood. Food and nutrient intakes of a population sample of 3-year-old children in the south west of England in 1996. Public Health Nutr 5, 55–64.
286Gibson, SA & O'Sullivan, KR (1995) Breakfast cereal consumption patterns and nutrient intakes of British schoolchildren. J R Soc Health 115, 366–370.
287Hackett, AF, Gibbon, M, Sratton, G, et al. (2002) Dietary intake of 9–10-year-old and 11–12-year-old children in Liverpool. Public Health Nutr 5, 449–455.
288Inchley, J, Todd, J, Bryce, C, et al. (2001) Dietary trends among Scottish schoolchildren in the 1990s. J Hum Nutr Diet 14, 207–216.
289Johnson, B & Hackett, AF (2007) Trends in fruit, vegetable and salad intakes in 9–10-year-old schoolchildren living in Liverpool, 2000–2005. Public Health Nutr 10, 252–255.
290Nelson, M, Lowes, K & Hwang, V (2007) The contribution of school meals to food consumption and nutrient intakes of young people aged 4–18 years in England. Public Health Nutr 10, 652–662, .
291Noble, S & Emmett, P (2001) Food and nutrient intake in a cohort of 8-month-old infants in the south-west of England in 1993. Eur J Clin Nutr 55, 698–707.
292Pryer, JA, Cook, A & Shetty, P (2001) Identification of groups who report similar patterns of diet among a representative national sample of British adults aged 65 years of age or more. Public Health Nutr 4, 787–795.
293Pryer, JA, Nichols, R, Elliott, P, et al. (2001) Dietary patterns among a national random sample of British adults. J Epidemiol Community Health 55, 29–37.
294Rogers, I & Emmett, P (2002) Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood. Fat content of the diet among pre-school children in Britain; relationship with food and nutrient intakes. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 252–263.
295Swan, G (2004) Findings from the latest National Diet and Nutrition Survey. Proc Nutr Soc 63, 505–512.
296Thane, CW, Bates, CJ & Prentice, A (2004) Zinc and vitamin A intake and status in a national sample of British young people aged 4–18 y. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 363–375.
298Gregory, J, Foster, K, Tyler, H, et al. (1990) The Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults. London: HMSO.
299Gregory, JR, Collins, DL, Davies, PSW, et al. (1995) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Children Aged 1½ to 4½ Years. vol. 1: Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey. London: HMSO.
300Finch, S, Doyle, W, Lowe, C, et al. (1998) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: People Aged 65 Years and Over. vol. 1: Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey. London: The Stationery Office.
301Gregory, JR, Lowe, S, Bates, CJ, et al. (2000) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Young People Aged 4 to 18 Years. vol. 1: Report of the Diet and Nutrition Survey. London: The Stationery Office.
302Henderson, L, Gregory, J & Swan, G (2002) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years. vol. 1: Types and Quantities of Foods Consumed. London: The Stationery Office.
303Henderson, L, Gregory, J & Irving, K (2003) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years. vol. 2: Energy, Protein, Carbohydrate, Fat and Alcohol Intake. London: The Stationery Office.
304Henderson, L, Irving, K & Gregory, J (2003) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years. vol. 3: Vitamin and Mineral Intake and Urinary Analytes. London: The Stationery Office.
305Ruston, D, Hoare, J, Henderson, L, et al. (2004) The National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years. vol. 4: Nutritional Status (Anthropometry and Blood Analytes), Blood Pressure and Physical Activity. London: The Stationery Office.
306Hoare, J & Henderson, L (2004) National Diet and Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years. vol. 5: Summary Report. London: The Stationery Office.
307Cade, J, Greenwood, D, Burley, V, et al. (2002) UK Women's Cohort Study. Leeds: University of Leeds.