Clarke, R, Frost, C, Appleby, P & Peto, R (1997) Dietary lipids and blood cholesterol: a quantitative analysis of metabolic ward studies. British Medical Journal 314, 112–117.
Davey Smith, G & Ebrahim, S (1998) Commentary: Dietary change, cholesterol reduction and the public health — what does meta-analysis add?. British Medical Journal 316, 1220.
Heinemann, T, Leiss, O & von Bergmann, K (1986) Effect of low-dose sitostanol on serum cholesterol in patients with hypercholesterolemia. Atherosclerosis 61, 219–223.
Hendriks, HFJ, Weststrate, JA, Van Vliet, T & Meijer, GW (1999) Spreads enriched with three different levels of vegetable oil sterols and the degree of cholesterol lowering in normocholesterolaemic and mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 53, 319–327.
Law, MR, Wald, N & Thompson, SG (1994 a) By how much and how quickly does reduction in serum cholesterol concentration lower risk of ischaemic heart disease?. British Medical Journal 308, 367–373.
Law, MR, Wald, NJ, Wu, T, Hackshaw, A & Bailey, A (1994 b) Systematic underestimation of association between serum cholesterol concentration and ischaemic heart disease in observational studies: data from the BUPA study. British Medical Journal 308, 363–366.
Ling, WH & Jones, PJH (1995) Minireview of dietary phytosterols: a review of metabolism, benefits and side effects. Life Sciences 57, 195–206.
Miettinen, TA, Puska, P, Gylling, H, Vanhanen, H & Vartiainen, E (1995) Reduction of serum cholesterol by sitostanol-ester margarine in a mildly hypercholesterolemic population. New England Journal of Medicine 333, 1308–1312.
Sierksma, A, Weststrate, JA & Meijer, GW (1999) Spreads enriched with plant sterols, either esterified 4,4-dimethylsterols or free 4-desmethylsterols, and plasma total- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations. British Journal of Nutrition 82, 273–282.
Tang, JL, Armitage, JM, Lancaster, T, Silagy, CA, Fowler, GH & Neil, HAW (1998) Systematic review of dietary intervention trials to lower blood total cholesterol in free-living subjects. British Medical Journal 316, 1213–1219.
Weststrate, JA & Meijer, GW (1998) Plant sterol-enriched margarines and reduction of plasma total- and LDL-cholesterol concentrations in normocholesterolaemic and mildly hypercholesterolaemic subjects. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 52, 334–343.