Albers, R, de Heer, C, Bol, M, Bleumink, R, Seinen, W & Pieters, R (1998) Selective immunomodulation by the autoimmunity-inducing xenobiotics streptozotocin and HgCl2. European Journal of Immunology 28, 1233–1242.
Bayer, EA & Wilchek, M (2001) The use of avidin biotin complex as a tool in molecular biology. Methods in Biochemical Analysis 26, 1–45.
Bendich, A (1999) Role of antioxidants in the maintenance of immune functions. In Natural Antioxidants in Human Health and Disease, pp. 447–467 [Frei, B, editor]. New York: Academic Press.
Black, PN & Sharpe, S (1997) Dietary fat and asthma: is there a connection? European Respiratory Journal 10, 6–12.
Blok, WL, de Bruijn, MF, Leenen, PJ, Eling, WM, Van Rooijen, N, Stanley, ER, Buurman, WA & van der Meer, JW (1996) Dietary n-3 fatty acids increase spleen size and postendotoxin circulating TNF in mice; role of macrophages, macrophage precursors, and colony-stimulating factor-1. Journal of Immunology 157, 5569–5573.
Bronson, R, Birt, D & Meydani, SN (1999) Biomarkers as early predictors of long-term health status and human immune function. Nutrition Reviews 57, S7–S12.
Calder, PC (1997) n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids and cytokine production in health and disease. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 41, 203–234.
Calder, PC (1998) Dietary fatty acids and the immune system. Nutrition Reviews 56, S70–S83.
Chandra, RK (1997) Nutrition and the immune system: an introduction. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 66, 460S–463S.
Cher, DJ & Mosmann, TR (1987) Two types of murine helper T cell clone. II Delayed-type hypersensitivity is mediated by TH1 clones. Journal of Immunology 138, 3688–3694.
Dewille, JW, Fraker, PJ & Romsos, DR (1981) Effects of dietary fatty acids on delayed-type hypersensitivity in mice. Journal of Nutrition 111, 2039–2043.
Fritsche, KL, Byrge, M & Feng, C (1999) Dietary omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids from fish oil reduce interleukin-12 and interferon-gamma production in mice. Immunology Letters 65, 167–173.
Haby, MM, Peat, JK, Marks, CB, Woolcock, AJ & Leeder, SR (2001) Asthma in preschool children: prevalence and risk factors. Thorax 56, 589–595.
Han, SN, Meydani, M, Wu, D, Bender, BS, Smith, DE, Vina, J, Cao, G, Prior, RL & Meydani, SN (2000 a) Effect of long-term dietary antioxidant supplementation on influenza virus infection. Journal of Gerontology 55, B496–B503.
Han, SN, Wu, D, Ha, WK, Beharka, A, Smith, DE, Bender, BS & Meydani, SN (2000 b) Vitamin E supplementation increases T helper 1 cytokine production in old mice infected with influenza virus. Immunology 100, 487–493.
Hayek, MG, Taylor, SF, Bender, BS, Han, SN, Meydani, M, Smith, DE, Eghtesada, S & Meydani, SN (1997) Vitamin E supplementation decreases lung virus titers in mice infected with influenza. Journal of Infectious Diseases 176, 273–276.
Hinds, A & Sanders, TA (1993) The effect of increasing levels of dietary fish oil rich in eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids on lymphocyte phospholipid fatty acid composition and cell-mediated immunity in the mouse. British Journal of Nutrition 69, 423–429.
Jeffery, NM, Sanderson, P, Sherrington, EJ, Newsholme, EA & Calder, PC (1996) The ratio of n-6 to n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids in the rat diet alters serum lipid levels and lymphocyte functions. Lipids 31, 737–745.
Jolly, CA & Fernandes, G (1999) Diet modulates Th-1 and Th-2 cytokine production in the peripheral blood of lupus-prone mice. Journal of Clinical Immunology 19, 172–178.
Lokesh, BR, Sayers, TJ & Kinsella, JE (1990) Interleukin-1 and tumor necrosis factor synthesis by mouse peritoneal macrophages is enhanced by dietary n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids. Immunology Letters 23, 281–285.
Meydani, SN & Beharka, AA (1998) Recent developments in vitamin E and immune response. Nutrition Reviews 56, S49–S58.
Moriguchi, S, Kobayashi, N & Kishino, Y (1990) High dietary intakes of vitamin E and cellular immune functions in rats. Journal of Nutrition 120, 1096–1102.
Muggli, R (1994) Physiological requirements of vitamin E as a function of the amount and type of polyunsaturated fatty acid. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 75, 166–168.
Pieters, R & Albers, R (1999) Assessment of autoimmunogenic potential of xenobiotics using the popliteal lymph node assay. Methods 19, 71–77.
Prickett, JD, Robinson, DR & Bloch, KJ (1982) Enhanced production of IgE and IgG antibodies associated with a diet enriched in eicosapentaenoic acid. Immunology 46, 819–826.
Reeves, PG, Nielsen, FH & Fahey, GC (1993) AIN-93 purified diets for laboratory rodents: final report of the American Institute of Nutrition ad hoc writing committee on the reformulation of the AIN-76A rodent diet. Journal of Nutrition 123, 1939–1951.
Sanderson, P, Yaqoob, P & Calder, PC (1995) Effects of dietary lipid manipulation upon graft vs host and host vs graft responses in the rat. Cellular Immunology 164, 240–247.
Tanaka, J, Fujiwara, H & Torisu, M (1979) Vitamin E and immune response. I Enhancement of helper T cell activity by dietary supplementation of vitamin E in mice. Immunology 38, 727–734.
Tijburg, LB, Haddeman, E, Kivits, GA, Weststrate, JA & Brink, EJ (1997) Dietary linoleic acid at high and reduced dietary fat level decreases the faecal excretion of vitamin E in young rats. British Journal of Nutrition 77, 327–336.
Tomobe, YI, Morizawa, K, Tsuchida, M, Hibino, H, Nakano, Y & Tanaka, Y (2000) Dietary docosahexaenoic acid suppresses inflammation and immunoresponses in contact hypersensitivity reaction in mice. Lipids 35, 61–69.
van't Erve, EH, Wijnand, E, Bol, M, Seinen, W & Pieters, RH (1998) The vehicle modulates cellular and humoral responses in contact hypersensitivity to oxazolone. Toxicological Sciences 44, 39–45.
Van Zijverden, M, van der, PA, Bol, M, Van Pinxteren, FA, de Haar, C, Penninks, AH, Van Loveren, H & Pieters, R (2000) Diesel exhaust, carbon black, and silica particles display distinct Th1/Th2 modulating activity. Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology 168, 131–139.
Wallace, FA, Miles, EA & Calder, PC (2000) Activation state alters the effect of dietary fatty acids on pro-inflammatory mediator production by murine macrophages. Cytokine 12, 1374–1379.
Wallace, FA, Miles, EA, Evans, C, Stock, TE, Yaqoob, P & Calder, PC (2001) Dietary fatty acids influence the production of Th1- but not Th2-type cytokines. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 69, 449–457.