1Metzger, BE, Lowe, LP, Dyer, AR, et al. (2008) Hyperglycemia and adverse pregnancy outcomes. N Engl J Med 358, 1991–2002.
2Salmeron, J, Ascherio, A, Rimm, EB, et al. (1997) Dietary fiber, glycemic load, and risk of NIDDM in men. Diabetes Care 20, 545–550.
3Liu, S, Willett, WC, Stampfer, MJ, et al. (2000) A prospective study of dietary glycemic load, carbohydrate intake, and risk of coronary heart disease in US women. Am J Clin Nutr 71, 1455–1461.
4Halton, TL, Willett, WC, Liu, S, et al. (2006) Low-carbohydrate-diet score and the risk of coronary heart disease in women. N Engl J Med 355, 1991–2002.
5Beulens, JWJ, de Bruijne, LM, Stolk, RP, et al. (2007) High dietary glycemic load and glycemic index increase risk of cardiovascular disease among middle-aged women: a population-based follow-up study. J Am Coll Cardiol 50, 14–21.
6McKeown, NM, Meigs, JB, Liu, S, et al. (2004) Carbohydrate nutrition, insulin resistance, and the prevalence of the metabolic syndrome in the Framingham Offspring Cohort. Diabetes Care 27, 538–546.
7Brand, JC, Colagiuri, S, Crossman, S, et al. (1991) Low-glycemic index foods improve long-term glycemic control in NIDDM. Diabetes Care 14, 95–101.
8Willett, W, Manson, J & Liu, S (2002) Glycemic index, glycemic load, and risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr 76, 274S–280S.
9McKeown, NM, Meigs, JB, Liu, S, et al. (2009) Dietary carbohydrates and cardiovascular disease risk factors in the Framingham Offspring Cohort. J Am Coll Nutr 28, 150–158.
10Halton, TL, Willett, WC, Liu, S, et al. (2006) Potato and French fry consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes in women. Am J Clin Nutr 83, 284–290.
11Schulze, MB, Manson, JE, Ludwig, DS, et al. (2004) Sugar-sweetened beverages, weight gain, and incidence of type 2 diabetes in young and middle-aged women. JAMA 292, 927–934.
12Bao, J, Atkinson, F, Petocz, P, et al. (2011) Prediction of postprandial glycemia and insulinemia in lean, young, healthy adults: glycemic load compared with carbohydrate content alone. Am J Clin Nutr 93, 984–996.
13Jenkins, D, Wolever, T, Leeds, A, et al. (1978) Dietary fibres, fibre analogues, and glucose tolerance: importance of viscosity. Br Med J 1, 1392–1394.
14Ellis, P, Apling, E, Leeds, A, et al. (1981) Guar bread: acceptability and efficacy combined. Studies on blood glucose, serum insulin and satiety in normal subjects. Br J Nutr 46, 267–276.
15Harding, SE, Smith, IH, Lawson, CJ, et al. (2010) Studies on macromolecular interactions in ternary mixtures of konjac glucomannan, xanthan gum and sodium alginate. Carbohydr Polym 83, 329–338.
16Jenkins, A, Kacinik, V, Lyon, M, et al. (2010) Effect of adding the novel fiber, PGX®, to commonly consumed foods on glycemic response, glycemic index and GRIP: a simple and effective strategy for reducing post prandial blood glucose levels – a randomized, controlled trial. Nutr J 9, 58.
17Jenkins, A, Kacinik, V, Lyon, M, et al. (2010) Reduction in postprandial glycemia by the novel viscous polysaccharide PGX, in a dose-dependent manner, independent of food form. J Am Coll Nutr 29, 92–98.
18Carabin, I, Lyon, M, Wood, S, et al. (2009) Supplementation of the diet with the functional fiber PolyGlycoplex® is well tolerated by healthy subjects in a clinical trial. Nutr J 8, 9.
19Matulka, R, Lyon, M, Wood, S, et al. (2009) The safety of PolyGlycopleX® (PGX®) as shown in a 90-day rodent feeding study. Nutr J 8, 1.
20Marone, PA, Lyon, M, Gahler, R, et al. (2009) Genotoxicity studies of PolyGlycopleX (PGX) - a novel dietary fiber. Int J Toxicol 28, 318–331.
21International Standards Organisation (2010) .
22Abrams, SA, Griffin, IJ, Hawthorne, KM, et al. (2005) A combination of prebiotic short- and long-chain inulin-type fructans enhances calcium absorption and bone mineralization in young adolescents. Am J Clin Nutr 82, 471–476.
23Atkinson, F, Foster-Powell, K & Brand-Miller, J (2008) International tables of glycemic index and glycemic load values. Diabetes Care 31, 2281–2283.
24Pastors, J, Blaisdell, P, Balm, T, et al. (1991) Psyllium fiber reduces rise in postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations in patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr 53, 1431–1435.
25Biorklund, M, van Rees, A, Mensink, RP, et al. (2005) Changes in serum lipids and postprandial glucose and insulin concentrations after consumption of beverages with [beta]-glucans from oats or barley: a randomised dose-controlled trial. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 1272–1281.
26Leclere, C, Champ, M, Boillot, J, et al. (1994) Role of viscous guar gums in lowering the glycemic response after a solid meal. Am J Clin Nutr 59, 914–921.
27Ceriello, A (2004) Postprandial glucose regulation and diabetic complications. Arch Intern Med 164, 2090–2095.
28Buyken, A, Mitchell, P, Ceriello, A, et al. (2010) Optimal dietary approaches for prevention of type 2 diabetes: a life-course perspective. Diabetologia 53, 406–418.
29McMillan-Price, J, Petocz, P, Atkinson, F, et al. (2006) Comparison of 4 diets of varying glycemic load on weight loss and cardiovascular risk reduction in overweight and obese young adults: a randomised controlled trial. Arch Intern Med 166, 1466–1475.
30Larsen, TM, Dalskov, S-M, van Baak, M, et al. (2010) Diets with high or low protein content and glycemic index for weight-loss maintenance. N Engl J Med 363, 2102–2113.
31Reimer, RA, Pelletier, X, Carabin, IG, et al. (2010) Increased plasma PYY levels following supplementation with the functional fiber PolyGlycopleX in healthy adults. Eur J Clin Nutr 64, 1186–1191.
32Vuksan, V, Panahi, S, Lyon, M, et al. (2009) Viscosity of fiber preloads affects food intake in adolescents. Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis 19, 498–503.
33Grover, GJ, Koetzner, L, Wicks, J, et al. (2010) Effects of the soluble fiber complex PolyGlycoplex® on glycemic control, insulin secretion, and GLP-1 levels in Zucker diabetic rats. Life Sci 88, 392–399.