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Effect of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy on neonatal mineral homeostasis and anthropometry of the newborn and infant

  • Pramila Kalra (a1), Vinita Das (a2), Anjoo Agarwal (a2), Mala Kumar (a3), V. Ramesh (a4), Eesh Bhatia (a1), Sarika Gupta (a3), Swati Singh (a2), Priya Saxena (a2) and Vijayalakshmi Bhatia (a1)...

Abstract

Hypovitaminosis D is common in India. In the present prospective partially randomised study of vitamin D (D3) supplementation during pregnancy, subjects were randomised in the second trimester to receive either one oral dose of 1500 μg vitamin D3 (group 1, n 48) or two doses of 3000 μg vitamin D3 each in the second and third trimesters (group 2, n 49). Maternal 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) at term, cord blood (CB) alkaline phosphatase (ALP), neonatal serum Ca and anthropometry were measured in these subjects and in forty-three non-supplemented mother–infant pairs (usual care). Median maternal 25(OH)D at term was higher in group 2 (58·7, interquartile range (IQR) 38·4–89·4 nmol/l) v. group 1 (26·2, IQR 17·7–57·7 nmol/l) and usual-care group (39·2, IQR 21·2–73·4 nmol/l) (P = 0·000). CB ALP was increased (>8.02 μkat/l or >480 IU/l) in 66·7 % of the usual-care group v. 41·9 % of group 1 and 38·9 % of group 2 (P = 0·03). Neonatal Ca and CB 25(OH)D did not differ significantly in the three groups. Birth weight, length and head circumference were greater and the anterior fontanelle was smaller in groups 1 and 2 (3·08 and 3·03 kg, 50·3 and 50·1 cm, 34·5 and 34·4 cm, 2·6 and 2·5 cm, respectively) v. usual care (2·77 kg, 49·4, 33·6, 3·3 cm; P = 0·000 for length, head circumference and fontanelle and P = 0·003 for weight). These differences were still evident at 9 months. We conclude that both 1500 μg and two doses of 3000 μg vitamin D3 had a beneficial effect on infant anthropometry, the larger dose also improving CB ALP and maternal 25(OH)D.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Dr V. Bhatia, fax +91 522 2668017, email vbhatia@sgpgi.ac.in

References

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Keywords

Effect of vitamin D supplementation during pregnancy on neonatal mineral homeostasis and anthropometry of the newborn and infant

  • Pramila Kalra (a1), Vinita Das (a2), Anjoo Agarwal (a2), Mala Kumar (a3), V. Ramesh (a4), Eesh Bhatia (a1), Sarika Gupta (a3), Swati Singh (a2), Priya Saxena (a2) and Vijayalakshmi Bhatia (a1)...

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