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Eating behaviours, dietary profile and body composition according to dieting history in men and women of the Québec Family Study

  • Véronique Provencher (a1), Vicky Drapeau (a2), Angelo Tremblay (a2), Jean-Pierre Després (a1) (a3), Claude Bouchard (a4) and Simone Lemieux (a1)...

Abstract

The purpose of the present cross-sectional study was to compare eating behaviours (cognitive dietary restraint, disinhibition and susceptibility to hunger), dietary profile and physiological variables according to the practice of dieting: current dieting; history of dieting in the 10-year period that preceded the study; no dieting during the same period. Dieting history, anthropometric markers of adiposity, RMR, dietary profile (3 d food record) and eating behaviours (three-factor eating questionnaire) were determined in a sample of 244 men and 352 women. A greater proportion of women (31·8 %) than men (16·8 %) reported that they had been on a diet over the past 10 years (P=0·0001). In both genders, current and past dieters had a higher BMI (P<0·05) than non-dieters and current dieters had lower reported energy intakes than past dieters and non-dieters (only in women) (P<0·05). Current and past dieters also had higher scores for all eating behaviours and their subscales (P<0·05; except for susceptibility to hunger in men) compared with non-dieters (adjusted for age, reported energy intake, percentage of dietary fat, BMI and RMR). Moreover, for each dieting-history category, women had significantly higher scores for cognitive dietary restraint than men (P<0·05). In conclusion, the present study showed that current and past dieters had higher scores for cognitive dietary restraint and disinhibition compared with non-dieters. As disinhibition has previously been associated with a greater risk of subsequent weight gain, interventions aimed at preventing an increase in disinhibition may be promising for long-term weight maintenance.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Dr Simone Lemieux, fax +1 418 656 5877, email simone.lemieux@aln.ulaval.ca

References

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British Journal of Nutrition
  • ISSN: 0007-1145
  • EISSN: 1475-2662
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