1Nishizuka, Y (1995) Protein kinase C and lipid signaling for sustained cellular responses. FASEB J 9, 484–496.
2Newton, AC (2001) Protein kinase C: structural and spatial regulation by phosphorylation, cofactors, and macromolecular interactions. Chem Rev 101, 2353–2364.
3Puceat, M, Hilal-Dandan, R, Strulovici, B, Brunton, LL & Brown, JH (1994) Differential regulation of protein kinase C isoforms in isolated neonatal and adult rat cardiomyocytes. J Biol Chem 269, 16938–16944.
4Rohde, S, Sabri, A, Kamasamudran, R & Steinberg, SF (2000) The α(1)-adrenoceptor subtype- and protein kinase C isoform-dependence of norepinephrine's actions in cardiomyocytes. J Mol Cell Cardiol 32, 1193–1209.
5Wang, L, Rolfe, M & Proud, CG (2003) Ca(2+)-independent protein kinase C activity is required for α1-adrenergic-receptor-mediated regulation of ribosomal protein S6 kinases in adult cardiomyocytes. Biochem J 373, 603–611.
6Korzick, DH, Holiman, DA, Boluyt, MO, Laughlin, MH & Lakatta, EG (2001) Diminished α1-adrenergic-mediated contraction and translocation of PKC in senescent rat heart. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 281, H581–H589.
7Lanson, M, Besson, P & Bougnoux, P (1997) Supplementation of MCF-7 cells with essential fatty acids induces the activation of protein kinase C in response to IGF-1. J Lipid Mediat Cell Signal 16, 189–197.
8Seung Kim, HF, Weeber, EJ, Sweatt, JD, Stoll, AL & Marangell, LB (2001) Inhibitory effects of ω-3 fatty acids on protein kinase C activity in vitro. Mol Psychiatry 6, 246–248.
9Madani, S, Hichami, A, Legrand, A, Belleville, J & Khan, NA (2001) Implication of acyl chain of diacylglycerols in activation of different isoforms of protein kinase C. FASEB J 15, 2595–2601.
10Hichami, A, Morin, C, Rousseau, E & Khan, NA (2005) Diacylglycerol-containing docosahexaenoic acid in acyl chain modulates airway smooth muscle tone. Am J Respir Cell Mol Biol 33, 378–386.
11Fan, YY, Ly, LH, Barhoumi, R, McMurray, DN & Chapkin, RS (2004) Dietary docosahexaenoic acid suppresses T cell protein kinase C θ lipid raft recruitment and IL-2 production. J Immunol 173, 6151–6160.
12Denys, A, Hichami, A & Khan, NA (2005) n-3 PUFAs modulate T-cell activation via protein kinase C-α and -ɛ and the NF-κB signaling pathway. J Lipid Res 46, 752–758.
13Kurz, T, Schneider, I, Tolg, R & Richardt, G (1999) α 1-Adrenergic receptor-mediated increase in the mass of phosphatidic acid and 1,2-diacylglycerol in ischemic rat heart. Cardiovasc Res 42, 48–56.
14Haan, GJ, van der Heide, S & Wolthers, BG (1979) Analysis of fatty acids from human lipids by gas chromatography. J Chromatogr 162, 261–271.
15Detmer, A, Carter, AM & Thomas, CR (1992) The metabolism of free fatty acids and triacylglycerols by the fetal liver in a guinea pig model of intrauterine growth retardation. Pediatr Res 32, 441–446.
16Rose, HG & Oklander, M (1965) Improved procedure for the extraction of lipids from human erythrocytes. J Lipid Res 6, 428–431.
17Folch, J, Lees, M & Sloane Stanley, GH (1957) A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipides from animal tissues. J Biol Chem 226, 497–509.
18Rouet-Benzineb, P, Mohammadi, K, Perennec, J, Poyard, M, Bouanani Nel, H & Crozatier, B (1996) Protein kinase C isoform expression in normal and failing rabbit hearts. Circ Res 79, 153–161.
19Hansen, RA, Ogilvie, GK, Davenport, DJ, Gross, KL, Walton, JA, Richardson, KL, Mallinckrodt, CH, Hand, MS & Fettman, MJ (1998) Duration of effects of dietary fish oil supplementation on serum eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid concentrations in dogs. Am J Vet Res 59, 864–868.
20von Schacky, C & Weber, PC (1985) Metabolism and effects on platelet function of the purified eicosapentaenoic and docosahexaenoic acids in humans. J Clin Invest 76, 2446–2450.
21Murphy, MG, Wright, V, Ackman, RG & Horackova, M (1997) Diets enriched in menhaden fish oil, seal oil, or shark liver oil have distinct effects on the lipid and fatty-acid composition of guinea pig heart. Mol Cell Biochem 177, 257–269.
22Rousseau, D, Helies-Toussaint, C, Moreau, D, Raederstorff, D & Grynberg, A (2003) Dietary n-3 PUFAs affect the blood pressure rise and cardiac impairments in a hyperinsulinemia rat model in vivo. Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 285, H1294–H1302.
23Peter-Riesch, B, Fathi, M, Schlegel, W & Wollheim, CB (1988) Glucose and carbachol generate 1,2-diacylglycerols by different mechanisms in pancreatic islets. J Clin Invest 81, 1154–1161.
24Exton, JH (1990) Signaling through phosphatidylcholine breakdown. J Biol Chem 265, 1–4.
25Berridge, MJ (1987) Inositol trisphosphate and diacylglycerol: two interacting second messengers. Annu Rev Biochem 56, 159–193.
26Kiss, Z & Anderson, WB (1990) ATP stimulates the hydrolysis of phosphatidylethanolamine in NIH 3T3 cells. Potentiating effects of guanosine triphosphates and sphingosine. J Biol Chem 265, 7345–7350.
27Griendling, KK, Rittenhouse, SE, Brock, TA, Ekstein, LS, Gimbrone, MA Jr & Alexander, RW (1986) Sustained diacylglycerol formation from inositol phospholipids in angiotensin II-stimulated vascular smooth muscle cells. J Biol Chem 261, 5901–5906.
28Wright, TM, Rangan, LA, Shin, HS & Raben, DM (1988) Kinetic analysis of 1,2-diacylglycerol mass levels in cultured fibroblasts. Comparison of stimulation by α-thrombin and epidermal growth factor. J Biol Chem 263, 9374–9380.
29Eskildsen-Helmond, YE, Hahnel, D, Reinhardt, U, Dekkers, DH, Engelmann, B & Lamers, JM (1998) Phospholipid source and molecular species composition of 1,2-diacylglycerol in agonist-stimulated rat cardiomyocytes. Cardiovasc Res 40, 182–190.
30Lamers, JM, De Jonge, HW, Panagia, V & Van Heugten, HA (1993) Receptor-mediated signalling pathways acting through hydrolysis of membrane phospholipids in cardiomyocytes. Cardioscience 4, 121–131.
31Gudbjarnason, S & Hallgrimsson, J (1976) The role of myocardial membrane lipids in the development of cardiac necrosis. Acta Med Scand Suppl 587, 17–27.
32Bougnoux, P (1999) n-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids and cancer. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2, 121–126.
33Judé, S, Roger, S, Martel, E, Besson, P, Richard, S, Bougnoux, P, Champeroux, P & Le Guennec, JY (2006) Dietary long-chain ω-3 fatty acids of marine origin: a comparison of their protective effects on coronary heart disease and breast cancers. Prog Biophys Mol Biol 90, 299–325.
34Debies, MT & Welch, DR (2001) Genetic basis of human breast cancer metastasis. J Mammary Gland Biol Neoplasia 6, 441–451.
35Inagaki, K, Hahn, HS, Dorn, GW II & Mochly-Rosen, D (2003) Additive protection of the ischemic heart ex vivo by combined treatment with δ-protein kinase C inhibitor and ɛ-protein kinase C activator. Circulation 108, 869–875.
36Chen, L, Hahn, H, Wu, G, et al. (2001) Opposing cardioprotective actions and parallel hypertrophic effects of δ PKC and ɛ PKC. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 98, 11114–11119.