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Diet quality of young people in southern Spain evaluated by a Mediterranean adaptation of the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I)

  • M. Mariscal-Arcas (a1), D. Romaguera (a2), A. Rivas (a1), B. Feriche (a3), A. Pons (a2), J. A. Tur (a2) and F. Olea-Serrano (a1)...

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess whether the recently developed Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I) was useful to evaluate the diet quality of a young Mediterranean population. A cross-sectional nutritional survey was carried out in southern Spain (Granada-Andalucia) from 2002 to 2005. Dietary information (24 h recall and FFQ) and socio-demographic and lifestyle data were collected from a representative sample of the population (n 288, 44·1 % females and 55·9 % males) aged 6–18 years (mean 12·88 (sd 2·78) years). DQI-I was designed according to the method of Kim et al. modified by Tur et al. for Mediterranean populations. It focused on four main characteristics of a high-quality diet (variety, adequacy, moderation and overall balance). This young population from southern Spain obtained 56·31 % of the total DQI-I score, indicating a poor-quality diet. A higher score was associated with a longer breakfast and greater physical activity. The DQI-I may require further modification for application in Mediterranean populations, differentiating between olive oil and saturated fats, among other changes. Further research is needed to develop a new diet quality index adapted to the Mediterranean diet.

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Dr F. Olea-Serrano, fax +34 958 249577, email folea@ugr.es

References

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Diet quality of young people in southern Spain evaluated by a Mediterranean adaptation of the Diet Quality Index-International (DQI-I)

  • M. Mariscal-Arcas (a1), D. Romaguera (a2), A. Rivas (a1), B. Feriche (a3), A. Pons (a2), J. A. Tur (a2) and F. Olea-Serrano (a1)...

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