1Lawn, JE, Cousens, S & Zupan, J (2005) 4 Million neonatal deaths: when? where? why? Lancet 365, 891–900.
2Christian, P, West, KP, Khatry, SK, et al. (2003) Effects of maternal micronutrient supplementation on fetal loss and infant mortality: a cluster-randomized trial in Nepal. Am J Clin Nutr 78, 1194–1202.
3Jiang, T, Christian, P, Khatry, SK, et al. (2005) Micronutrient deficiencies in early pregnancy are common, concurrent, and vary by season among rural Nepali pregnant women. J Nutr 135, 1106–1112.
4Ronnenberg, AG, Wang, X, Xing, H, et al. (2003) Low preconception body mass index is associated with birth outcome in a prospective cohort of Chinese women. J Nutr 133, 3449–3455.
5Kulkarni, B, Shatrugna, V & Balakrishna, N (2006) Maternal lean body mass may be the major determinant of birth weight: a study from India. Eur J Clin Nutr 60, 1341–1344.
6Sanin Aguirre, LH, Reza-Lopez, S & Levario-Carrillo, M (2004) Relation between maternal body composition and birth weight. Biol Neonate 86, 55–62.
7Misra, A, Pandey, RM, Devi, JR, et al. (2001) High prevalence of diabetes, obesity and dyslipidaemia in urban slum population in northern India. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 25, 1722–1729.
8Wang, J, Thornton, JC, Russell, M, et al. (1994) Asians have lower body mass index (BMI) but higher percent body fat than do Whites: comparisons of anthropometric measurements. Am J Clin Nutr 60, 23–28.
9WHO Expert Consultation (2004) Appropriate body-mass index for Asian populations and its implications for policy and intervention strategies. Lancet 363, 157–163.
10Deurenberg, P, Deurenberg-Yap, M & Guricci, S (2002) Asians are different from Caucasians and from each other in their body mass index/body fat per cent relationship. Obes Rev 3, 141–146.
11Kyle, UG, Bosaeus, I, De Lorenzo, AD, et al. (2004) Bioelectrical impedance analysis – part I: review of principles and methods. Clin Nutr 23, 1226–1243.
12Deurenberg, P, Deurenberg-Yap, M & Schouten, FJ (2002) Validity of total and segmental impedance measurements for prediction of body composition across ethnic population groups. Eur J Clin Nutr 56, 214–220.
13Deurenberg, P & Deurenberg-Yap, M (2002) Validation of skinfold thickness and hand-held impedance measurements for estimation of body fat percentage among Singaporean Chinese, Malay and Indian subjects. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 11, 1–7.
14Deurenberg, P, van der Kooy, K, Leenen, R, et al. (1991) Sex and age specific prediction formulas for estimating body composition from bioelectrical impedance: a cross-validation study. Int J Obes 15, 17–25.
15Rush, EC, Chandu, V & Plank, LD (2006) Prediction of fat-free mass by bioimpedance analysis in migrant Asian Indian men and women: a cross validation study. Int J Obes (Lond) 30, 1125–1131.
16Kuriyan, R, Petracchi, C, Ferro-Luzzi, A, et al. (1998) Validation of expedient methods for measuring body composition in Indian adults. Indian J Med Res 107, 37–45.
17Shaikh, S, Schulze, KJ, Ali, H, et al. (2011) Bioelectrical impedance among rural Bangladeshi women during pregnancy and in the postpartum period. J Health Popul Nutr 29, 236–244.
18West, KP Jr, Christian, P, Labrique, AB, et al. (2011) Effects of vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation on pregnancy-related mortality and infant mortality in rural Bangladesh: a cluster randomized trial. JAMA 305, 1986–1995.
19Labrique, AB, Christian, P, Klemm, RD, et al. (2011) A cluster-randomized, placebo-controlled, maternal vitamin A or beta-carotene supplementation trial in Bangladesh: design and methods. Trials 12, 102.
20Powers, ME, Arnold, BL, Weltman, AL, et al. (2003) Creatine supplementation increases total body water without altering fluid distribution. J Athl Train 38, 44–50.
21International Atomic Energy Agency (1990) The Doubly Labelled Water Method for Measuring Energy Expenditure: Technical Recommendation for Use in Humans. A Consensus Report by the IDECG Working Group [Prentice, AM, editor]. Vienna: International Atomic Energy Agency.
22Schoeller, DA & Jones, PJH (1987) Measurement of total body water by isotope dilution: a unified approach to calculations. In In Vivo Body Composition Studies, pp. 131–137 [Ellis, K, Yasamura, S and Morgan, WD, editors]. London: Institute of Physical Sciences in Medicine.
23Wang, Z, Deurenberg, P, Wang, W, et al. (1999) Hydration of fat-free body mass: new physiological modeling approach. Am J Physiol 276, E995–E1003.
24Wang, Z, Deurenberg, P, Wang, W, et al. (1999) Hydration of fat-free body mass: review and critique of a classic body-composition constant. Am J Clin Nutr 69, 833–841.
25Guo, SS, Chumlea, WC & Cockram, DB (1996) Use of statistical methods to estimate body composition. Am J Clin Nutr 64, 428S–435S.
26Sun, SS, Chumlea, WC, Heymsfield, SB, et al. (2003) Development of bioelectrical impedance analysis prediction equations for body composition with the use of a multicomponent model for use in epidemiologic surveys. Am J Clin Nutr 77, 331–340.
27Buffa, R, Floris, G & Marini, E (2002) Bioelectrical impedance vector in pre- and postmenarcheal females. Nutrition 18, 474–478.
28Rah, JH, Christian, P, Shamim, AA, et al. (2008) Pregnancy and lactation hinder growth and nutritional status of adolescent girls in rural Bangladesh. J Nutr 138, 1505–1511.
29Kulkarni, B, Shatrugna, V, Nagalla, B, et al. (2010) Regional body composition of Indian women from a low-income group and its association with anthropometric indices and reproductive events. Ann Nutr Metab 56, 182–189.
30Deurenberg-Yap, M, Schmidt, G, van Staveren, WA, et al. (2001) Body fat measurement among Singaporean Chinese, Malays and Indians: a comparative study using a four-compartment model and different two-compartment models. Br J Nutr 85, 491–498.
31Kulkarni, B, Shatrugna, V, Nagalla, B, et al. (2011) Regional body composition changes during lactation in Indian women from the low-income group and their relationship to the growth of their infants. J Am Coll Nutr 30, 57–62.
32Gallagher, D, Visser, M, Sepulveda, D, et al. (1996) How useful is body mass index for comparison of body fatness across age, sex, and ethnic groups? Am J Epidemiol 143, 228–239.
33Gallagher, D, Heymsfield, SB, Heo, M, et al. (2000) Healthy percentage body fat ranges: an approach for developing guidelines based on body mass index. Am J Clin Nutr 72, 694–701.
34Meeuwsen, S, Horgan, GW & Elia, M (2010) The relationship between BMI and percent body fat, measured by bioelectrical impedance, in a large adult sample is curvilinear and influenced by age and sex. Clin Nutr 29, 560–566.
35Wang, ZM, Pierson, RN Jr & Heymsfield, SB (1992) The five-level model: a new approach to organizing body-composition research. Am J Clin Nutr 56, 19–28.
36Hopkinson, JM, Butte, NF, Ellis, KJ, et al. (1997) Body fat estimation in late pregnancy and early postpartum: comparison of two-, three-, and four-component models. Am J Clin Nutr 65, 432–438.
37Butte, NF, Hopkinson, JM, Ellis, KJ, et al. (1997) Changes in fat-free mass and fat mass in postpartum women: a comparison of body composition models. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord 21, 874–880.