1Haller, J (2005) . In Nutritional Neuroscience, pp. 207–233[Lieberman, HR, Kanarek, RB and Prasad, C, editors]. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
2Huskisson, E, Maggini, S & Ruf, M (2007) The influence of micronutrients on cognitive function and performance. J Int Med Res 35, 277–289.
3Kado, DM, Karlamangla, AS, Huang, MH, Troen, A, Rowe, JW, Selhub, J & Seeman, TE (2005) Homocysteine vs. the vitamins folate, B6, and B12 as predictors of cognitive function and decline in older high-functioning adults: MacArthur studies of successful aging. Am J Med 118, 161–167.
4Durga, J, van Boxtel, MP, Schouten, EG, Bots, ML, Kok, FJ & Verhoef, P (2006) Folate and the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase 677C → T mutation correlate with cognitive performance. Neurobiol Aging 27, 334–343.
5Wahlin, A, Backman, L, Hultdin, J, Adolfsson, R & Nilsson, LG (2002) Reference values for serum levels of vitamin B12 and folic acid in a population-based sample of adults between 35 and 80 years of age. Public Health Nutr 5, 505–511.
6Paleologos, M, Cumming, RG & Lazarus, R (1998) Cohort study of vitamin C intake and cognitive impairment. Am J Epidemiol 148, 45–50.
7Morris, MC, Evans, DA, Bienias, JL, Tangney, CC, Bennett, DA, Aggarwal, N, Wilson, RS & Scherr, PA (2002) Dietary intake of antioxidant nutrients and the risk of incident Alzheimer disease in a biracial community study. JAMA 287, 3230–3237.
8Balk, EM, Raman, G, Tatsioni, A, Chung, M, Lau, J & Rosenberg, IH (2007) Vitamin B6, B12 and folic acid supplementation and cognitive function. A systematic review of randomized trials. Arch Intern Med 167, 21–30.
9Del Parigi, A, Panza, F, Capurso, C & Solfrizzi, V (2006) Nutritional factors, cognitive decline, and dementia. Brain Res Bull 69, 1–19.
10Chandra, RK (2001) Effect of vitamin and trace-element supplementation on cognitive function in elderly subjects. Nutrition 17, 709–712.
11Wolters, M, Hickstein, M, Flintermann, A, Tewes, U & Hahn, A (2005) Cognitive performance in relation to vitamin status in healthy elderly German women – the effect of 6-month multivitamin supplementation. Prev Med 41, 253–259.
12Pathansali, R, Mangoni, AA, Creagh-Brown, B, Lan, ZC, Ngow, GL, Yuan, XF, Ouldred, EL, Sherwood, RA, Swift, CG & Jackson, SH (2006) Effects of folic acid supplementation on psychomotor performance and hemorheology in healthy elderly subjects. Arch Gerontol Geriatr 43, 127–137.
13McMahon, JA, Green, TJ, Skeaff, CM, Knight, RG, Mann, JI & Williams, SM (2006) A controlled trial of homocysteine lowering and cognitive performance. N Engl J Med 354, 2764–2772.
14Benton, D (2001) Micro-nutrient supplementation and the intelligence of children. Neurosci Biobehav Rev 25, 297–309.
15Osendarp, SJ, Baghurst, KI, Bryan, J, et al. (2007) Effect of a 12-mo micronutrient intervention on learning and memory in well-nourished and marginally nourished school-aged children: 2 parallel, randomized, placebo-controlled studies in Australia and Indonesia. Am J Clin Nutr 86, 1082–1093.
16Office for National Statistics (2005) The National Diet & Nutrition Survey: Adults Aged 19 to 64 Years. Newport: Office for National Statistics and Medical Research Council Human Nutrition Research.
17Moore, C, Murphy, MM, Keast, DR & Holick, MF (2004) Vitamin D intake in the United States. J Am Diet Assoc 104, 980–983.
18Drewel, BT, Giraud, DW, Davy, SR & Driskell, JA (2005) Less than adequate vitamin E status observed in a group of preschool boys and girls living in the United States. J Nutr Biochem 17, 132–138.
19Paeratakul, S, Ferdinand, DP, Champagne, CM, Ryan, DH & Bray, GA (2003) Fast-food consumption among US adults and children: dietary and nutrient intake profile. J Am Diet Assoc 103, 1332–1338.
20Scholey, AB, Moss, MC & Wesnes, KA (1998) Oxygen and cognitive performance: the temporal relationship between hyperoxia and enhanced memory. Psychopharmacology 140, 123–126.
21Scholey, AB, Moss, MC, Neave, N & Wesnes, KA (1999) Cognitive performance, hyperoxia and heart rate following oxygen administration in healthy young adults. Physiol Behav 67, 783–789.
22Snodgrass, JG & Vanderwart, M (1980) Standardized set of 260 pictures – norms for name agreement, image agreement, familiarity, and visual complexity. J Exp Psychol (Hum Learn) 6, 174–215.
23Haskell, CF, Kennedy, DO, Wesnes, KA & Scholey, AB (2005) Cognitive and mood improvements of caffeine in habitual consumers and habitual non-consumers of caffeine. Psychopharmacology 179, 813–825.
24Rogers, PJ, Martin, J, Smith, C, Heatherley, SV & Smit, HJ (2003) Absence of reinforcing, mood and psychomotor performance effects of caffeine in habitual non-consumers of caffeine. Psychopharmacology 167, 54–62.
25Chalder, T, Berelowitz, G, Pawlikowska, T, Watts, L, Wessely, S, Wright, D & Wallace, EP (1993) Development of a fatigue scale. J Psychosom Res 37, 147–153.
26Ingwersen, J, DeFeyter, MA, Kennedy, DO, Wesnes, K & Scholey, AB (2007) A low glycaemic index breakfast cereal preferentially prevents children's cognitive performance from declining throughout the morning. Appetite 49, 240–244.
27Wesnes, KA, Pincock, C, Richardson, D, Helm, G & Hails, S (2003) Breakfast reduces declines in attention and memory over the morning in schoolchildren. Appetite 41, 329–331.
28Keppel, G (1991) Design and Analysis. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Prentice Hall.
29Doshi, SN, McDowell, IFW, Moat, SJ, Payne, N, Durrant, HJ, Lewis, MJ & Goodfellow, J (2002) Folic acid improves endothelial function in coronary artery disease via mechanisms largely independent of homocysteine lowering circulation. Circulation 105, 22–26.
30Obad, A, Palada, I, Valic, Z, Ivancev, V, Baković, D, Wisløff, U, Brubakk, AO & Dujić, Z (2007) The effects of acute oral antioxidants on diving-induced alterations in human cardiovascular function. J Physiol 578, 859–870.
31Katz, DL, Nawaz, H, Boukhalil, J, Giannamore, V, Chan, W, Ahmadi, R & Sarrel, PM (2001) Acute effects of oats and vitamin E on endothelial responses to ingested fat. Am J Prev Med 20, 124–129.
32Title, LM, Cummings, PM, Giddens, K & Nassar, BA (2000) Oral glucose loading acutely attenuates endothelium-dependent vasodilation in healthy adults without diabetes: an effect prevented by vitamins C and E. J Am Coll Cardiol 36, 2185–2191.
33Cole, TJ, Bellizzi, MC, Flegal, KM & Dietz, WH (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. Br Med J 320, 1240–1243.