1. Zhao, JK & Haar, F (2005) Progress in salt iodization and improved iodine nutrition in China, 1995–99. Food Nutr Bull 25, 337–343.
2. Lv, JG, Liu, SJ, Sun, SQ, et al. (2000) China National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Surveillance Report 1997, 1st version. Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House.
3. Center for Endemic Disease Control of China CDC (2014) 2014 China National Iodine Deficiency Disorders Surveillance, 2017, 1st version. Beijing: People’s Medical Publishing House.
4. World Health Organization, United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund & International Council for Control of Iodine Deficiency Disorders (2007) Assessment of Iodine Deficiency Disorders and Monitoring their Elimination: A Guide for Programme Managers, 3rd ed. Geneva: WHO.
5. Todd, CH, Allain, T, Gomo, ZAR, et al. (1995) Increase in thyrotoxicosis associated with iodine supplements in Zimbabwe. Lancet 346, 1563–1564.
6. Stanbury, JB, Ermans, AE, Bourdoux, P, et al. (1998) Iodine-induced hyperthyroidism: occurrence and epidemiology. Thyroid 8, 83–100.
7. Azizi, F, Navai, L & Fattahi, F (2002) Goiter prevalence, urinary iodine excretion, thyroid function and anti-thyroid function and anti-thyroid antibodies after 12 years of salt iodization in Shahriar, Iran. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 72, 291–295.
8. Gołkowski, F, Buziak-Bereza, M, Trofimiuk, M, et al. (2007) Increased prevalence of hyperthyroidism as an early and transient side-effect of implementing iodine prophylaxis. Public Health Nutr 10, 799–802.
9. Clar, C, Wu, T, Liu, G, et al. (2002) Iodized salt for iodine deficiency disorders. A systematic review. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 31, 681–698.
10. Chen, W, Li, X, Wu, Y, et al. (2017) Associations between iodine intake, thyroid volume, and goiter rate in school-aged Chinese children from areas with high iodine drinking water concentrations. Am J Clin Nutr 105, 228–233.
11. Zimmermann, MB, Aeberli, I, Andersson, M, et al. (2013) Thyroglobulin is a sensitive measure of both deficient and excess iodine intakes in children and indicates no adverse effects on thyroid function in the UIC range of 100–299 μg/L: a UNICEF/ICCIDD study group report. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 98, 1271–1280.
12. Chinese Criteria Publishing House (2006) Method for Determination of Iodine in Urine by As3+-Ce4+ Catalytic Spectrophotometry, WS/T 107- 2006. Beijing: China’s Ministry of Health (in Chinese).
13. Yan, YQ & Chen, ZP (1999) Some problems discussion and suggestion in the process of standardize urinary iodine determination method application. Chin J Endemiol 18, 298–300.
14. Lin, LX, Sun, YN, Li, YM, et al. (2013) Reference range for thyroid function indices of 8-10 years old school children in certain regions of China. Chin J Endocrinol Metab 29, 42–45.
15. Kapelari, K, Kirchlechner, C, Högler, W, et al. (2008) Pediatric reference intervals for thyroid hormone levels from birth to adulthood: a retrospective study. BMC Endocr Disord 8, 15.
16. Yan, YQ, Dong, ZL, Dong, L, et al. (2008) Trimester-specific reference data of thyroid hormone for normal pregnancy. Chin J Endocrinol Metab 24, 609–612 (in Chinese).
17. Panesar, NS, Li, CY & Rogers, MS (2001) Reference intervals for thyroid hormones in pregnant Chinese women. Ann Clin Biochem 38, 329–332.
18. Andersen, S, Karmisholt, J, Pedersen, KM, et al. (2008) Reliability of studies of iodine intake and recommendations for number of samples in groups and in individuals. Br J Nutr 99, 813–818.
19. Nath, SK, Moinier, B, Thuillier, F, et al. (1992) Urinary excretion of iodide and fluoride from supplemented food grade salt. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 62, 66–72.
20. Jahreis, G, Hausmann, W, Kiessling, G, et al. (2001) Bioavailability of iodine from normal diets rich in dairy products – results of balance studies in women. Exp Clin Endocrinol Diabetes 109, 163–116.
21. Aghini-Lombardi, F, Antonangeli, L, Pinchera, A, et al. (1997) Effect of iodized salt on thyroid volume of children living in an area previously characterized by moderate iodine deficiency. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 82, 1136–1139.
22. Zimmermann, MB, Hess, SY, Adou, P, et al. (2003) Thyroid size and goiter prevalence after introduction of iodized salt: a 5-y prospective study in schoolchildren in Cote d’Ivoire. Am J Clin Nutr 77, 663–667.
23. Clifford, DC, Bertram, B, Mark, RB, et al. (2003) Effects of kelp supplementation on thyroid function in euthyroid subjects. Endocrine Pract 9, 363–369.
24. Li, G (2000) Biological fallacy. Acad Emerg Med 11, 119–120.
25. Shakya, PR, Gelal, B, Lal Das, BK, et al. (2015) Urinary iodine excretion and thyroid function status in school age children of hilly and plain regions of Eastern Nepal. BMC Res Notes 26, 374.
26. Hwang, S, Lee, EY, Lee, WK, et al. (2011) Correlation between iodine intake and thyroid function in subjects with normal thyroid function. Biol Trace Elem Res 143, 1393–1397.
27. Qian, M, Wang, D, Watkins, WE, et al. (2005) The effects of iodine on intelligence in children: a meta-analysis of studies conducted in China. Asia Pac J Clin Nutr 14, 32.
28. Ranganathan, S (1995) Iodized salt is safe. Indian J Public Health 39, 164–171.
29. Parveen, S, Latif, SA, Kamal, MM, et al. (2007) Effects of long term iodized table salt consumption on serum T3, T4 and TSH in an iodine deficient area of Bangladesh. Mymensingh Med J 16, 57–60.
30. Als, C, Haldimann, M, Minder, C, et al. (2004) Pilot study of urinary iodine concentration and of biochemical thyroid parameters before and after cautious public health intervention on salt iodide content: the Swiss longitudinal 1996–2000 iodine study. Eur J Clin Nutr 58, 1201–1210.
31. Krejbjerg, A, Bjergved, L, Pedersen, IB, et al. (2015) Serum thyroglobulin before and after iodization of salt: an 11-year DanThyr follow-up study. Eur J Endocrinol 173, 573–581.
33. Wang, X, Osiman, R, Ma, F, et al. (2015) Changes of thyroid function, thyroid antibodies and urinary iodine among permanent residents of Urumqi in Xinjiang. Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi 36, 811–814.
34. Stagnaro-Green, A, Dogo-Isonaige, E, Pearce, EN, et al. (2015) Marginal iodine status and high rate of subclinical hypothyroidism in Washington DC women planning conception. Thyroid 25, 1151–1154.
35. Jammah, AA, Alshehri, AS, Alrakhis, AA, et al. (2015) Characterization of thyroid function and antithyroid antibody tests among Saudis. Saudi Med J 36, 692–697.
36. Chen, X, Jin, B, Xia, J, et al. (2016) Effects of thyroid peroxidase antibody on maternal and neonatal outcomes in pregnant women in an iodine-sufficient area in China. Int J Endocrinol 2016, 6461380.
37. Gur, EB, Karadeniz, M, Inceefe, H, et al. (2015) Thyroid antibodies in euthyroid and subclinical hypothyroidic pregnant women with autoimmune hypothyroidism: effects on hematological parameters and postpartum hemorrhage. Ginekol Pol 86, 666–671.
38. Mumusoglu, S, Beksac, MS, Ekiz, A, et al. (2016) Does the presence of autoantibodies without autoimmune diseases and hereditary thrombophilia have an effect on recurrent pregnancy loss? J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 29, 2352–2357.
39. van den Boogaard, E, Vissenberg, R, Land, JA, et al. (2011) Significance of (sub) clinical thyroid dysfunction and thyroid autoimmunity before conception and in early pregnancy: a systematic review. Hum Reprod Update 17, 605–619.
40. Negro, R, Formosa, G, Mangueri, T, et al. (2006) Levothyroxine treatment in euthyroid pregnant women with autoimmune thyroid disease: effects on obstetrical complications. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 91, 2587–2591.
41. Saki, F, Dabbaghmanesh, MH, Ghaemi, SZ, et al. (2015) Thyroid autoimmunity in pregnancy and its influences on maternal and fetal outcome in Iran (a prospective study). Endocr Res 40, 139–145.
42. Jukić, T, Zimmermann, MB, Granić, R, et al. (2015) Sufficient iodine intake in schoolchildren from the Zagreb area: assessment with dried blood spot thyroglobulin as a new functional biomarker for iodine deficiency. Acta Clin Croat 54, 424–431.