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Higher adherence to an empirically derived Mediterranean dietary pattern is positively associated with telomere length: the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) project

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  04 November 2020

Ana Ojeda-Rodríguez
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain IdiSNA, Navarre’s Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
Itziar Zazpe
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain IdiSNA, Navarre’s Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine-Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain Institute of Health Carlos III, Biomedical Research Centre Network on Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Lucia Alonso-Pedrero
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain IdiSNA, Navarre’s Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
Guillermo Zalba
Affiliation:
IdiSNA, Navarre’s Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain Department of Biochemistry and Genetics, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain
Miguel A. Martínez-González
Affiliation:
IdiSNA, Navarre’s Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain Department of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, School of Medicine-Clínica Universidad de Navarra, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain Institute of Health Carlos III, Biomedical Research Centre Network on Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, 28029 Madrid, Spain Department of Nutrition, Harvard TH Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA 02115, USA
Amelia Marti
Affiliation:
Department of Nutrition, Food Sciences and Physiology, University of Navarra, 31008 Pamplona, Spain IdiSNA, Navarre’s Institute for Health Research, 31008 Pamplona, Spain Institute of Health Carlos III, Biomedical Research Centre Network on Obesity and Nutrition (CIBERobn), Physiopathology of Obesity and Nutrition, 28029 Madrid, Spain
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Telomere integrity is influenced by oxidative stress. Also, inflammation-related factors, including nutritional factors, could modulate telomere integrity. The relationship between a posteriori-derived dietary patterns and telomere length (TL) has been scarcely investigated. Thus, our objective was to examine the association between empirically derived dietary patterns ascertained through principal component analysis (PCA) and TL in an older adult Spanish population. A total of 886 older adults (>55 years old; 645 males and 241 females) from the Seguimiento Universidad de Navarra (SUN) cohort were included in the study. TL was measured by monochrome multiplex real-time quantitative PCR. Age-adjusted TL was used for all analyses. Dietary patterns were identified by PCA based on thirty predefined candidate food groups collected from a validated 136-food items frequency questionnaire. Generalised linear models were fitted to obtain β-coefficients and their 95 % CI evaluating differences in TL between each of the four upper quintiles of adherence to dietary patterns and the lowest quintile. Sensitivity analyses by rerunning all multiple linear models under different stratifications were performed to evaluate the robustness of our results. Two major dietary patterns were empirically identified, Western dietary pattern (WDP) and Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP). After adjustment for potential confounders, longer TL was found among subjects in the highest quintile of MDP (β = 0·064; 95 % CI 0·004, 0·123). The WDP showed no significant association with TL. In conclusion, higher adherence to a posteriori-derived MDP was independently associated with longer telomeres in an older adult Spanish population of the SUN project.

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Full Papers
Copyright
© The Author(s), 2020. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Nutrition Society

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