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Excavations near Hadrian's Wall at Tarraby Lane 1976

  • G. H. Smith, B. Dickinson, B.R. Hartley, S. Austen, K.F. Hartley, T. J. Wilkinson and N. Balaam...

Extract

The project was a rescue excavation before housing development, mainly between Hadrian's Wall and the Vallum, close to the fort of Petriana at Stanwix. Traces were found of a pre Wall field-system. A minor Roman road was found running parallel to and 80 m south of the Vallum. A substantial Roman boundary of postsettings for posts over 2 m high was found running between, and at right angles to, the Wall and Vallum. In one area south of the Vallum a series of ditches of the second century A.D. suggested meadowland associated with a vicus of the nearby fort. To assist in its conservation the fragmentary remains of the Wall were traced and their position recorded. No trace was found of a Military Way; it may have been obliterated by an historically-recorded medieval road found parallel to and immediately south of the Wall. The position of Milecastle 65 was located by geophysical survey and found by test excavation to survive at foundation-level.

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References

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Déchelette 1904: J. Déchelette, , Les Vases céramiques ornés de la Gaule romaine, Paris (1904).
Fölzer 1913: Fölzer, E., Die Bilderschüsseln der ostgallischen Sigillata-Manufakturen, Bonn (1913).
Oswald 1936–7: Oswald, F., Index of figure-types on Terra Sigillata (‘Samian Ware’), Liverpool (19361937).
Rogers 1974: Rogers, G. B., Poterie sigillée de la Gaule centrale, Gallia Suppl. (1975).
S & S 1958: Stanfield, J. A. and Simpson, Grace, Central Gaulish Potters, London (1958).
Terrisse 1968: Terrisse, J.-R., Les Céramiques sigillées gallo-romaines des Martres-de-Veyre (Puy-de-Dôme), Gallia Suppl. (1968).
Hartley and Webster, 1973: Hartley, K. F., and Webster, P. V., ‘Romano-British Pottery Kilns near Wilderspool’, Arch. Journ. 130 (1973), 77103.
Richmond, Birley and Simpson, 1930: Richmond, I. A., Birley, E. B., and Simpson, F. G., ‘Excavations on Hadrian's Wall, in the Birdoswald-Pike Hill Sector, 1929’, CW 2 xxx (1930), 169205.

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