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Mental health in Colombia

  • Roberto Chaskel (a1), Silvia L. Gaviria (a2), Zelde Espinel (a3), Eliana Taborda (a4), Roland Vanegas (a5) and James M. Shultz (a6)...

Abstract

A hallmark of Colombia is population-wide exposure to violence. To understand the realities of mental health in Colombia requires attention to the historical context of 60 years of unrelenting armed conflict overlaid upon high rates of homicide, gang activity and prevalent gender-based and intra-familial violence. The number of patients affected by trauma is extremely large, and the population burden of alcohol misuse and illicit drug use is significant. These patterns have brought the subspecialties of trauma and addiction psychiatry to the forefront, and highlight the need for novel treatments that integrate psychotherapeutic and psychopharmacological modalities.

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Copyright

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC-BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted re-use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

References

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Bell, V., Mendez, F., Martinez, C., et al (2012) Characteristics of the Colombian armed conflict and the mental health of civilians living in active conflict zones. Conflict and Health, 6, 10. Available at http://www.conflictandhealth.com/content/6/1/10 (accessed 11 March 2012).
Posada-Villa, J. A., Aguilar-Gaxiola, S. A., Magaña, C. G., et al (2004) Prevalencia de trastornos mentales y uso de servicios: resultados preliminares del Estudio Nacional de Salud Mental, Colombia, 2003 [Prevalence of mental disorders and use of services: preliminary results of the National Study of Mental Health, Colombia, 2003]. Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría, 33, 241262.
Shultz, J. M., Gomez Ceballos, A. M., Espinel, Z., et al (2014a) Internal displacement in Colombia: fifteen distinguishing features. Disaster Health, 2, 1324. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.4161/dish.27885.
Shultz, J. M., Garfin, D. R., Espinel, Z., et al (2014b) Internally displaced ‘victims of armed conflict’ in Colombia: the trajectory and trauma signature of forced migration. Current Psychiatry Reports, 16, 475. doi: 10.1007/s11920-014-0475-7.
Yepes Lujan, F. J. (2012) Colombia: A Healthcare System in Crisis. (Essay Series: Healthcare Systems). Medical Solutions.

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Mental health in Colombia

  • Roberto Chaskel (a1), Silvia L. Gaviria (a2), Zelde Espinel (a3), Eliana Taborda (a4), Roland Vanegas (a5) and James M. Shultz (a6)...
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