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Bilingualism reveals fundamental variation in language processing

  • MELINDA FRICKE (a1), MEGAN ZIRNSTEIN (a2), CHRISTIAN NAVARRO-TORRES (a2) and JUDITH F. KROLL (a2) (a3)

Abstract

Although variation in the ways individuals process language has long been a topic of interest and discussion in the psycholinguistic literature, only recently have studies of bilingualism and its cognitive consequences begun to reveal the fundamental dynamics between language and cognition. We argue that the active use of two languages provides a lens through which the interactions between language use, language processing, and the contexts in which these take place can be fully understood. Far from bilingualism being considered a special case, it may provide the common basis upon which the principles of language learning and use can be modeled.

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Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Melinda Fricke, Department of Linguistics, 2822 Cathedral of Learning, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA 15260USAmelinda.fricke@pitt.edu

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The writing of this paper was supported in part by NSF Postdoctoral Research Grants SMA-1409636 to M. Fricke and J.F. Kroll and SMA-1409973 to M. Zirnstein and J.F. Kroll, by an NSF Graduate Fellowship to C. Navarro-Torres, and by NSF Grants BCS-1535124, OISE-0968369, and OISE-1545900, and NIH Grant HD082796 to J.F. Kroll.

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