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The science of consciousness must include its more advanced forms

  • Andrew Vonasch (a1), E. J. Masicampo (a2) and Roy F. Baumeister (a1)


Morsella et al. argue that science should not focus on high forms of consciousness. We disagree. An understanding of high forms of consciousness is invaluable to the scientific study of consciousness. Moreover, it poses challenges to the passive frame theory. Specifically, it challenges the notions that conscious thoughts are not connected and that consciousness serves skeletomotor conflict only.



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Baumeister, R. F. & Masicampo, E. J. (2010) Conscious thought is for facilitating social and cultural interactions: How mental simulations serve the animal–culture interface. Psychological Review 117(3):945–71.
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Damasio, A. R. (1999) The feeling of what happens: Body and emotion in the making of consciousness. Harvest Books.
Edelman, G. M. (2004) Wider than the sky: The phenomenal gift of consciousness. Yale University Press.
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Mendl, M. & Paul, E. S. (2004) Consciousness, emotion and animal welfare: Insights from cognitive science. Animal Welfare 13(Suppl.):S1725.
Panksepp, J. (2005) Affective consciousness: Core emotional feelings in animals and humans. Consciousness and Cognition 14:3080.


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