Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Motivational (con)fusion: Identity fusion does not quell personal self-interest

  • Lowell Gaertner (a1), Amy Heger (a1) and Constantine Sedikides (a2)

Abstract

We question whether altruistic motivation links identity fusion and extreme self-sacrifice. We review two lines of research suggesting that the underlying motivation is plausibly egoistic.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Batson, C. D. (2011) Altruism in humans. Oxford University Press.
Gaertner, L. & Insko, C. A. (2000) Intergroup discrimination in the minimal group paradigm: Categorization, reciprocation, or fear? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 79:7794.
Gaertner, L., Sedikides, C. & Graetz, K. (1999) In search of self-definition: Motivational primacy of the individual self, motivational primacy of the collective self, or contextual primacy? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 76:518.
Gaertner, L., Sedikides, C., Luke, M., O'Mara, E. M., Iuzzini, J., Jackson, L. E., Cai, H. & Wu, Q. (2012) A motivational hierarchy within: Primacy of the individual self, relational self, or collective self? Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48:9971013.
Gaertner, L., Sedikides, C., Vevea, J. & Iuzzini, J. (2002) The “I,” the “we,” and the “when”: A meta-analysis of motivational primacy in self-definition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 83:574–91.
Gómez, A., Brooks, M. L., Buhrmester, M. D., Vázquez, A., Jetten, J. & Swann, W. B. Jr., (2011a) On the nature of identity fusion: Insights into the construct and a new measure. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 100:918–33.
Gramzow, R. H. & Gaertner, L. (2005) Self-esteem and favoritism toward novel in-groups: The self as an evaluative base. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 88:801–15.
Heger, A. & Gaertner, L. (2018a) The motivational primacy of the personal-self holds true for the identity-fused. Poster presented to the annual meeting of the Society of Personality and Social Psychology, Atlanta, GA.
Heger, A. & Gaertner, L. (2018b) Testing the identity synergy principle: Identity fusion promotes self and group sacrifice. Self and Identity 17:487–99.
Nehrlich, A. D., Gebauer, J. E., Sedikides, C. & Abele, A. E. (2018) Individual self>relational self>collective self – But why? Processes driving the self-hierarchy in self- and person perception. Journal of Personality. Published online March 2018. doi: 10.1111/jopy.12384.
O'Mara, E. M., Jackson, L. E., Batson, C. D. & Gaertner, L. (2011) Will moral outrage stand up? Distinguishing among emotional reactions to a moral violation. European Journal of Social Psychology 4:173–79.
Richerson, P. & Henrich, J. (2012) Tribal social instincts and the cultural evolution of institutions to solve collective action problems. Cliodynamics: The Journal of Theoretical and Mathematical History 3(1):3880.
Sedikides, C., Gaertner, L., Luke, M. A., O'Mara, E. & Gebauer, J. E. (2013) A three-tier hierarchy of self-potency: Individual self, relational self, collective self. Advances in Experimental Social Psychology 48:235–95.
Swann, W. B. Jr., Buhrmester, M. D., Gómez, A., Jetten, J., Bastian, B., Vázquez, A., Ariyanto, A., Besta, T., Christ, O., Cui, L., Finchilescu, G., González, R., Goto, N., Homsey, M., Sharma, S., Susianto, H. & Zhang, A. (2014a) What makes a group worth dying for? Identity fusion fosters perception of familial ties, promoting self-sacrifice. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 106(6):912–26.
Swann, W. B. Jr., Gómez, A., Seyle, D. C., Morales, J. & Huici, C. (2009) Identity fusion: The interplay of personal and social identities in extreme group behavior. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96(5):9951011. doi: 10.1037/a0013668.
Swann, W. B. Jr., Jetten, J., Gómez, Á., Whitehouse, H. & Bastian, B. (2012) When group membership gets personal: A theory of identity fusion. Psychological Review 119(3):441–56. doi: 10.1037/a0028589.
Tajfel, H. & Turner, J. C. (1979) An integrative theory of intergroup conflict. In: The social psychology of intergroup relations, ed. Austin, W. G. & Worchel, S., pp. 3347. Brooks-Cole.
Wegner, D. M. & Giuliano, T. (1980) Arousal-induced attention to self. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 38:719–26.

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed