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Post-Traumatic Growth Following Politically Motivated Acts of Violence: 10 Years Post Injury

  • Carolyn E. Hawley (a1), Amy J. Armstrong (a1), Shimon Shiri (a2), Jenna Czarnota (a3), Sara Blumenfeld (a2), Isabella Schwartz (a2) and Zeev Meiner (a2)...


The study explored posttraumatic growth (PTG) and its relationship with the quality of life (QOL), posttraumatic stress, and resilience among survivors of terror attacks over 10 years post-injury. Participants were patients of Hadassah Medical Center, Israel, who were injured in terror attacks between 2000 and 2004 during the second Intifada. Variables of interest were obtained from a survey and patients' medical files. In total, 42 patients participated, 66% were men, and the average age was 41.4 years. Multivariate analysis was utilized to predict PTG from a variety of demographic variables including gender, ethnicity, relationship status, age, education, income, religiosity, and injury/disability type. Additional primary variables of study included current levels of QOL, posttraumatic stress, and resilience. Results revealed that married/partnered individuals had higher levels of PTG than divorced or single individuals. Findings suggest that social support following trauma is important for PTG and should be prioritized in recovery interventions with trauma survivors.


Corresponding author

Address for correspondence: Carolyn E. Hawley Ph.D., CRC; Associate Professor Department of Rehabilitation Counseling, School of Allied Health Professionals Virginia Commonwealth University P.O. Box 980330; Richmond, VA 23298, USA. E-mail:


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Post-Traumatic Growth Following Politically Motivated Acts of Violence: 10 Years Post Injury

  • Carolyn E. Hawley (a1), Amy J. Armstrong (a1), Shimon Shiri (a2), Jenna Czarnota (a3), Sara Blumenfeld (a2), Isabella Schwartz (a2) and Zeev Meiner (a2)...


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