Skip to main content Accessibility help

Tracing Changes in Teacher Environmental Education Understanding

  • Josephine R. Lang (a1)


After more than twenty years of contemporary environmental education, there is still an inferior representation of it in schools. By 1990, UNESCO recognised that to improve the effectiveness of teacher implementation of environmental education in schools, teachers needed training. To date, there is insufficient research into teacher training in environmental education that could provide insights into teacher understanding and how to positively change teacher understandings about environmental education. The aim of this research was to document and examine the changes in teacher understandings of environmental education during an in-service training program in environmental education.

To examine teacher change in detail, this research used a qualitative and naturalistic inquiry methodology while using a case study approach. The case study showed that teacher understanding was complex and affected by many factors that contribute to personal and professional growth, development and learning.



Hide All
Baird, J. R. & Northfield, J. R. (eds) 1995, Learning from the PEEL Experience, 2nd edition, Monash University Printing Services, Melbourne.
Bogdan, R. C. & Biklen, S. K. 1992, Qualitative Research in Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods, 2nd edn, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.
Bogdan, R. C. & Biklen, S. K. 1998, Qualitative Research in Education: An Introduction to Theory and Methods, 3rd edn, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.
Burns, R. B. 1997, Introduction to Research Methods, 3rd edn, Addison Wesley Longman, South Melbourne.
Ballantyne, R. 1995, ‘Evaluating the impact of teaching/learning experiences during an environmental teacher education course’, International Research in Geographical and Environmental Education, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 2946.
Cosgrove, L., Evans, D. G. & Yencken, D. (eds) 1994, Restoring the Land, Melbourne University Press, Carlton.
Fien, J. 1993, Education for the Environment: Critical Curriculum Theorising and Environmental Education, Deakin University, Geelong.
Fien, J. 1997, ‘Stand up, stand up and be counted: Undermining myths of environmental education’, Australian Journal of Environmental Education, vol. 13, pp. 2126.
Fien, J. & Rawling, R. 1996, ‘Reflective practice: Acase study of professional development for environmental education’, The Journal of Environmental Education, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 1120.
Filho, W. L. 1996, ‘Environmental Education and Teacher Education: Some European Perspectives’, in Teacher Education for the Environment: European Perspectives, eds Filho, W. L. & O'Loan, K., Parthenon Publishing, New York.
Fullan, M. & Stiegelbauer, S. 1991, The New Meaning of Educational Change, 2nd edn, Cassell Educational Ltd, London.
Gough, A. 1997, Education and the Environment: Policy, Trends and the Problems of Marginalisation, The Australian Council for Educational Research, Melbourne.
Gough, N. 1987, ‘Learning with environments: Towards an ecological paradigm for education’, in Environmental Education: Practice and Possibility, ed Robottom, I., Deakin University Press, Melbourne.
Grant, C. 1984, Preparing for Reflective Teaching, Allyn and Bacon, New York.
Hall, W. 1977, ‘Where next for environmental education?’ in UNESCO Seminar Report: Education and the Human Environment, ed Linke, R. D., Curriculum Development Centre, Canberra.
Hargreaves, A. & Fullan, M. (eds) 1992, Understanding Teacher Development, Teachers College Press, New York.
Hart, R. A. 1997, Children's Participation: The Theory and Practice of Involving Young Citizens in Community Development and Environmental Care, Earthscan Publications, London.
Hopkins, D., Ainscow, M. & West, M. 1994, School Improvement in an Era of Change, Cassell, London.
Huberman, A. M. & Miles, M. B. 1994, ‘Data Management and Analysis Methods’, in Handbook of Qualitative Research, eds Denzin, N. K. & Lincoln, Y. S., Sage Publications, Thousand Oaks.
Joyce, B. & Showers, B. 1984, ‘Transfer of Training: The Contribution of “Coaching”’, in Alternative Perspectives on School Improvement, eds Hopkins, D. & Wideen, M., The Falmer Press, London.
Lincoln, Y. S. & Guba, E. G. 1985, Naturalistic Inquiry, Sage Publications, Newbury Park.
Linke, R. D. 1979, Environmental Education in Australia, George Allen & Unwin, Sydney.
LoSciuto, L. 1981, ‘Questionnaires and Interviews’, in Selltiz, Wrightsman & Cook's Research Methods in Social Relations, 4th edn, ed Kidder, L.H., Holt, Rhinehart and Winston, New York.
Lucas, A. M. 1979, Environment and Environmental Education: Conceptual Issues and Curriculum Implications, Australia International Press and Publications Pty Ltd, Kew.
Lucas, A. M. 1991, ‘Environmental Education: What is it, For Whom, For What Purpose, and How?’, in Conceptual Issues in Environmental Education, eds Keiny, S. & Zoller, U., Peter Lang Publishing Inc., New York.
McTaggert, R. 1995, ‘Reflection on Teaching: Creating an Enquiry Culture in Education’, Reflect: The Journal of Reflection in Learning and Teaching, vol. 1, issue 2, pp. 3239.
Merriam, S. B. 1988, Case Study Research in Education: A Qualitative Approach, Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco.
Merriam, S. B. 1998, Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education, Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco.
Miles, M. B. & Huberman, A. M. 1994, An Expanded Sourcebook: Qualitative Data Analysis, 2nd edn, Sage Publications, California.
Moon, J. 1999, Learning Journals: A Handbook for Academics, Students and Professional Development, Kogan Page, London.
Murdoch, K. 1996, ‘“The difference, I think, is in my head”––Reflection and Teacher Learning in Integrated Curriculum’, Reflect: The Journal of Reflection in Learning and Teaching, vol. 2, issue 1, pp. 3339.
Neuman, W. L. 1997, Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 3rd edn, Allyn and Bacon, Boston.
Pepper, D. 1984, The Roots of Modern Environmentalism, Croom Helm, London.
Robottom, I. 1987, ‘Towards inquiry-based professional development in environmental education’, in Environmental Education: Practice and Possibility, ed Robottom, I., Deakin University Press, Melbourne.
Spaulding, C. L. 1992, Motivation in the Classroom, Mc Graw-Hill, New York.
Stake, R. E. 1995, The Art of Case Study Research, Sage Publications, California.
Wilke, R. J., Peyton, R. B. & Hungerford, H. R. 1987, Strategies for the Training of Teachers in Environmental Education: Discussion Guide for UNESCO Training Seminar, UNESCO-UNEP International Environmental Education Program, Environmental Education Series No. 25, UNESCO, Paris.
Ziechner, K. & Teitelbaum, K. 1982, ‘Personalized and inquiry-oriented teacher education: An analysis of two approaches to the development of curriculum for field based experience’, Journal of Education for Teaching, vol 8, issue 2, pp. 95117.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed