Published online by Cambridge University Press: 07 May 2004
Minette dykes intersect the Precambrian crystalline basement of Schirmacher Oasis, East Antarctica. The rocks have intermediate to basic compositions, showing shoshonitic to ultrapotassic character. The samples show enhanced concentrations of compatible elements and high mg# combined with extreme enrichments in LILE (especially Ba) and LREE. Mantle-normalized trace element patterns are characterized by coupled relative depletions of Nb and Ti and strong fractionations between LILE and HFSE. The minettes display fractionated chondrite-normalized REE patterns with high and varying LREE concentrations in contrast to relative low and nearly constant HREE contents. High magma-ascent and cooling rates of lamprophyric magmas argue against a fundamental change of the primary geochemical signatures in minette magmas by interactions with the continental crust during ascent. The major and trace element abundances of the studied minettes point to varying degrees of partial melting of a mantle source, which was enriched in LILE and LREE during or before the melting event. Incompatible element signatures argue for the involvement of subducted pelagic sediments.
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