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Euboean floral black-figured vases

  • A. D. Ure

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In the Museum at Chalcis there are more than a dozen black-figured vases decorated with palmettes, lotus flowers, leaves, and other plant motives. I drew attention to some of these in BSA xli. 27 f., associating with them similar vases in Athens, Berlin, Bonn, Reading, and Thebes, and suggesting that they were probably made in Euboea. It is possible now to go farther and take a more extended view of what was undoubtedly a vigorous local industry in either Chalcis or Eretria or both in the fourth century B.C.

For convenience the material is here divided into groups according to the shapes of the palmettes and lotuses and the character of the patterns. The order may not be strictly chronological and the vases grouped together do not necessarily come from the same workshop, but certain lines of development can be traced and the groups link together to form a coherent whole.

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1 My thanks are due to the Director of the Greek Archaeological Service, Dr. J. Papademetriou, for facilitating my work in Chalcis and for permission to publish vases in Chalcis Museum; also to Mrs. Semne Karouzou, Professor F. Brommer, and Mr. R. W. Hamilton for permission to publish vases in Athens, Marburg, and Oxford. To Miss Paola Pelagatti I owe special thanks for the generosity with which she has put at my disposal her photographs of floral vases and given me information about vases I did not know. I am indebted to her for the photographs used for Plate 54: 1, 5, and 6. I also wish to thank Mr. John Boardman for the photographs used for Plates 54: 2, 4, 7 and 56: 7. Miss Barbara Philippaki and Miss A. Andreiomenou have put me much in their debt by giving me unstinted help when I was working in Athens and Chalcis.

2 AA 1933, 34, no. 12.

3 The lid of the small pyxis forming the knob was formerly inventoried separately as 662c.

4 Arch. Class, xi. 73.

5 See Richter, and Milne, , Shapes and Names 23 f., fig. 149.

6 BSA xlvii (1952) 31 f.

7 JHS lxxx ( 1960), 160 ff. I retain the form lekane for the lidless variety, and lekanis for the lidded; see Metropolitan Museum Studies iv (1932) 18 f. Recently the excavators of the Athenian Agora have used the name lekane for a much deeper lidless bowl with handles of a different shape from those of lekanides; see Sparkes and Talcott, Pots and Pans (Agora Picture Book No. 1) figs. 13, 20, 22.

Euboean floral black-figured vases

  • A. D. Ure

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