Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Review: Adaptation of animals to heat stress

  • V. Sejian (a1), R. Bhatta (a1), J. B. Gaughan (a2), F. R. Dunshea (a3) and N. Lacetera (a4)...

Abstract

Livestock plays an important role in the global economy. Climate change effects are not only limited to crop production, but also affect livestock production, for example reduced milk yields and milk quality, reduced meat production and reduced fertility. Therefore, livestock-based food security is threatened in many parts of the world. Furthermore, multiple stressors are a common phenomenon in many environments, and are likely to increase due to climate change. Among these stresses, heat stress appears to be the major factor which negatively influences livestock production. Hence, it is critical to identify agro-ecological zone-specific climate resilient thermo-tolerant animals to sustain livestock production. Livestock responds to the changing environments by altering their phenotypic and physiological characters. Therefore, survivability of the animal often depends on its ability to cope with or adapt to the existing conditions. So to sustain livestock production in an environment challenged by climate change, the animals must be genetically suitable and have the ability to survive in diversified environments. Biological markers or biomarkers indicate the biological states or alterations in expression pattern of genes or state of protein that serve as a reference point in breeding for the genetic improvement of livestock. Conventionally, identification of animals with superior genetic traits that were economically beneficial was the fundamental reason for identifying biomarkers in animals. Furthermore, compared with the behavioural, morphological or physiological responses in animals, the genetic markers are important because of the possibility of finding a solution to animal adaptability to climate change.

  • View HTML
    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Review: Adaptation of animals to heat stress
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Review: Adaptation of animals to heat stress
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Review: Adaptation of animals to heat stress
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Akbarian, A, Michiels, J, Golian, A, Buyse, J, Wang, Y and De Smet, S 2014. Gene expression of heat shock protein 70 and antioxidant enzymes, oxidative status, and meat oxidative stability of cyclically heat-challenged finishing broilers fed Origanum compactum and Curcuma xanthorrhiza essential oils. Poultry Science 93, 19301941.
Alberghina, D, Piccione, G, Casella, S, Panzera, M, Morgante, M and Gianesella, M 2013. The effect of the season on some blood metabolites and haptoglobin in dairy cows during postpartum period. Archives Animal Breeding 56, 354359.
Aleena, J, Pragna, P, Archana, PR, Sejian, V, Bagath, M, Krishnan, G, Manimaran, A, Beena, V, Kurien, EK, Varma, G and Bhatta, R 2016. Significance of metabolic response in livestock for adapting to heat stress challenges. Asian Journal of Animal Sciences 10, 224234.
Archana PR, Sejian V, Ruban W, Bagath M, Krishnan G, Aleena J, Manjunathareddy GB, Beena V and Bhatta R 2018. Comparative assessment of heat stress induced changes in carcass traits, plasma leptin profile and skeletal muscle myostatin and HSP70 gene expression patterns between indigenous Osmanabadi and Salem Black goat breeds. Meat Science 141, 66–80.
Banerjee, D, Upadhyay, RC, Chaudhary, UB, Kumar, R, Singh, S, Ashutosh, , Das, TK and De, S 2015. Seasonal variations in physio-biochemical profiles of Indian goats in the paradigm of hot and cold climate. Biological Rhythm Research 46, 221236.
Baumgard, LH and Rhoads, RP 2012. Ruminant nutrition symposium: ruminant production and metabolic responses to heat stress. Journal of Animal Science 90, 18551865.
Baumgard, LH, Rhoads, RP, Rhoads, ML, Gabler, NK, Ross, JW, Keating, AF, Boddicker, RL, Lenka, S and Sejian, V 2012. Impact of climate change on livestock production. In Environmental stress and amelioration in livestock production (ed. V Sejian, SMK Naqvi, T Ezeji, J Lakritz and R Lal), pp. 413468. Springer-Verlag GMbH Publisher, Heidelberg, Germany.
Berman, A 2006. Extending the potential of evaporative cooling for heat-stress relief. Journal of Dairy Science 89, 38173825.
Bharati, J, Dangi, SS, Mishra, SR, Chouhan, VS, Verma, V, Shankar, O, Bharti, MK, Paul, A, Mahato, DK, Rajesh, G and Singh, G 2017. Expression analysis of toll like receptors and interleukins in Tharparkar cattle during acclimation to heat stress exposure. Journal of Thermal Biology 65, 4856.
Binsiya TK, Sejian V, Bagath M, Krishnan G, Hyder I, Manimaran A, Lees AM, Gaughan JB and Bhatta R 2017. Significance of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis to adapt to climate change in livestock. International Research Journal of Agicultural and Food Sciences 2, 1–20.
Boehmer, BH, Pye, TA and Wettemann, RP 2015. Ruminal temperature as a measure of body temperature of beef cows and relationship with ambient temperature. The Professional Animal Scientist 31, 387393.
Brito, LF, Silva, AE, Barbosa, RT and Kastelic, JP 2004. Testicular thermoregulation in Bos indicus, crossbred and Bos taurus bulls: relationship with scrotal, testicular vascular cone and testicular morphology, and effects on semen quality and sperm production. Theriogenology 61, 511528.
Cardoso, CC, Peripolli, V, Amador, SA, Brandão, EG, Esteves, GIF, Sousa, CMZ and Martins, CF 2015. Physiological and thermographic response to heat stress in zebu cattle. Livestock Science 182, 8392.
Carvalho, FA, Lammoglia, MA, Simoes, MJ and Randel, RD 1995. Breed affects thermoregulation and epithelial morphology in imported and native cattle subject to heat stress. Journal of Animal Science 73, 35703573.
Chaiyabutr, N, Boonsanit, D and Chanpongsang, S 2011. Effects of cooling and exogenous bovine somatotropin on hematological and biochemical parameters at different stages of lactation of crossbred Holstein Friesian cow in the tropics. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 24, 230238.
Chaudhary, SS, Singh, VK, Upadhyay, RC, Puri, G, Odedara, AB and Patel, PA 2015. Evaluation of physiological and biochemical responses in different seasons in Surti buffaloes. Veterinary World 8, 727731.
Chedid, M, Jaber, LS, Giger-Reverdin, S, Duvaux-Ponter, C and Hamadeh, SK 2014. Water stress in sheep raised under arid conditions. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 94, 243257.
Collier, RJ, Gebremedhin, K, Macko, AR and Roy, KS 2012. Genes involved in the thermal tolerance of livestock. In Environmental stress and amelioration in livestock production (ed. V Sejian, SMK Naqvi, T Ezeji, J Lakritz and R Lal), pp. 379410. Springer-Verlag, Berlin/Heidelberg/New York, NY, USA.
Curtis, AK, Scharf, B, Eichen, PA and Spiers, DE 2017. Relationships between ambient conditions, thermal status, and feed intake of cattle during summer heat stress with access to shade. Journal of Thermal Biology 63, 104111.
Darcan, N, Cedden, F and Cankaya, S 2008. Spraying effects on some physiological and behavioural traits of goats in a subtropical climate. Italian Journal of Animal Science 7, 7785.
Das, R, Sailo, L, Verma, N, Bharti, P, Saikia, J, Imtiwati, and Kumar, R 2016. Impact of heat stress on health and performance of dairy animals: a review. Veterinary World 9, 260268.
Dikmen, S, Khan, FA, Huson, HJ, Sonstegard, TS, Moss, JI, Dahl, GE and Hansen, PJ 2014. The SLICK hair locus derived from Senepol cattle confers thermotolerance to intensively managed lactating Holstein cows. Journal of Dairy Science 97, 55085520.
El-Tarabany, MS, El-Tarabany, AA and Atta, MA 2017. Physiological and lactation responses of Egyptian dairy Baladi goats to natural thermal stress under subtropical environmental conditions. International Journal of Biometeorology 61, 6168.
Ferreira, VMOS, Francisco, NS, Belloni, M, Aguirre, GMZ, Caldara, FR, Nääs, IA, Garcia, RG, Almeida Paz, ICL and Polycarpo, GV 2011. Infrared thermography applied to the evaluation of metabolic heat loss of chicks fed with different energy densities. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science 13, 113118.
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) 2016. Food supply (kcal/capita/day). Retrieved on 20 January 2018 from http://faostat3.fao.org/download/FB/CC/E.
Gaughan, JB, Mader, TL, Holt, SM and Lisle, A 2008. A new heat load index for feedlot cattle. Journal of Animal Science 86, 226234.
Gill, JK, Arora, JS, Kumar, BS, Mukhopadhyay, CS, Kaur, S and Kashyap, N 2017. Cellular thermotolerance is independent of HSF 1 expression in zebu and crossbred non-lactating cattle. International Journal of Biometeorology 61, 16871693.
Gootwine, E 2011. Mini review: breeding Awassi and Assaf sheep for diverse management conditions. Tropical Animal Health and Production 43, 12891296.
Gupta, M, Kumar, S, Dangi, SS and Jangir, BL 2013. Physiological, biochemical and molecular responses to thermal stress in goats. International Journal of Livestock Research 3, 2738.
Hao, Y, Feng, Y, Yang, P, Cui, Y, Liu, J, Yang, C and Gu, X 2016. Transcriptome analysis reveals that constant heat stress modifies the metabolism and structure of the porcine longissimus dorsi skeletal muscle. Molecular Genetics and Genomics 291, e21012115.
Haque, N, Ludri, A, Hossain, SA and Ashutosh, M 2013. Impact on hematological parameters in young and adult Murrah buffaloes exposed to acute heat stress. Buffalo Bulletin 3, 321326.
Hernandez-Cordero, AI, Sanchez-Castro, MA, Zamorano-Algandar, R, Rincon, G, Medrano, JF, Speidel, SE, Enns, RM and Thomas, MG 2017. Genotypes within the prolactin and growth hormone insulin-like growth factor-I pathways associated with milk production in heat stressed Holstein cattle: genotypes and milk yield in heat stressed Holstein cows. Genetics and Molecular Research 16, gmr16039821.
Higashikubo, R, White, RA and Roti Roti, JL 1993. Flow cytometric Brd Urdpulse-chase study of heat induced cellcycle progression delays. Cell Proliferation 26, 337348.
Hooda, OK and Singh, G 2010. Effect of thermal stress on feed intake, plasma enzymes and blood biochemicals in buffalo heifers. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 27, 122127.
Hooda, OK and Upadhyay, RC 2014. Physiological responses, growth rate and blood metabolites under feed restriction and thermal exposure in kids. Journal of Stress Physiology and Biochemistry 10, 214227.
Huson, HJ, Kim, ES, Godfrey, RW, Olson, TA, McClure, MC, Chase, CC, Rizzi, R, O’Brien, AM, Van Tassell, CP, Garcia, JF and Sonstegard, TS 2014. Genome-wide association study and ancestral origins of the slick-hair coat in tropically adapted cattle. Frontiers in Genetics 5, 112.
Indu, S, Sejian, V, Kumar, D, Pareek, A and SMK, Naqvi 2015. Ideal proportion of roughage and concentrate required for Malpura ewes to adapt and reproduce under semi-arid tropical environment. Tropical Animal Health and Production 47, 14871495.
Jian, W, Ke, Y and Cheng, L 2016. Physiological responses and lactation to cutaneous evaporative heat loss in Bos indicus, Bos taurus, and their crossbreds. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences 28, 15581564.
Kadzere CT, Murphy MR, Silanikove N, Maltz E 2002. Heat stress in lactating dairy cows: a review. Livestock Production Science 77, 59–91.
Kaliber, M, Koluman, N and Silanikove, N 2016. Physiological and behavioral basis for the successful adaptation of goats to severe water restriction under hot environmental conditions. Animal 10, 8288.
Kashyap, N, Kumar, P, Deshmukh, B, Bhat, S, Kumar, A, Chauhan, A, Bhushan, B, Singh, G and Sharma, D 2015. Association of ATP1A1 gene polymorphism with thermotolerance in Tharparkar and Vrindavani cattle. Veterinary World 8, 892897.
Katiyatiya, CLF, Bradley, G and Muchenje, V 2017. Thermotolerance, health profile and cellular expression of HSP90AB1 in Nguni and Boran cows raised on natural pastures under tropical conditions. Journal of Thermal Biology 69, 8594.
Khalek, TMMA 2007. Thermoregulatory responses of sheep to starvation and heat stress conditions. Egyptian Journal of Animal Production 44, 137150.
Koch, F, Lamp, O, Eslamizad, M, Weitzel, J and Kuhla, B 2016. Metabolic response to heat stress in late-pregnant and early lactation dairy cows: implications to liver-muscle Crosstalk. PloS One 11, e0160912.
Kumar, A, Ashraf, S, Goud, TS, Grewal, A, Singh, SV, Yadav, BR and Upadhyay, RC 2015. Expression profiling of major heat shock protein genes during different seasons in cattle Bos indicus) and buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) under tropical climatic condition. Journal of Thermal Biology 51, 5564.
Kumar, BVS, Singh, G and Meur, SK 2010. Effects of addition of electrolyte and ascorbic acid in feed during heat stress in buffaloes. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Science 23, 880888.
Kumar, D, Sejian, V, Gaughan, JB and Naqvi, SMK 2017. Biological functions as affected by summer season related multiple environmental stressors (heat, nutritional and walking stress) in Malpura rams under semi-arid tropical environment. Biological Rhythm Research 48, 593606.
Lacetera, N, Bernabucci, U, Ronchi, B and Nardone, A 1996. Body condition score, metabolic status and milk production of early lactating dairy cows exposed to warm environment. Rivista di Agricoltura Subtropicale e tropicale 90, 4355.
Lees, AM, Lees, JC, Sejian, V, Wallage, AL and Gaughan, J 2018. Short communication: using infrared thermography as an in situ measure of core body temperature in lot-fed Angus steers. International Journal of Biometeorology 62, 38.
Leite, JHGM, Façanha, DAE, Costa, WP, Chaves, DF, Guilhermino, MM, Silva, WST and Bermejo, LA 2018. Thermoregulatory responses related to coat traits of Brazilian native ewes: an adaptive approach. Journal of Applied Animal Research 46, 353359.
Lohölter, M, Rehage, R, Meyer, U, Lebzien, P, Rehage, J and Dänicke, S 2013. Evaluation of a device for continuous measurement of rumen pH and temperature considering localization of measurement and dietary concentrate proportion. Applied Agricultural and Forestry Research 63, 6168.
Mahgoub, O, Kadim, IT, Al-Dhahab, A, Bello, RB, Al-Amri, IS, Ali, AAA and Khalaf, S 2010. An assessment of Omani native sheep fiber production and quality characteristics. Journal of Agricultural and Marine Sciences 15, 914.
Marai, IFM, El-Darawany, AA, Fadiel, A and Abdel-Hafez, MAM 2007. Physiological traits as affected by heat stress in sheep – a review. Small Ruminant Research 7, 112.
Marina LP and von Keyserlingk AG 2017. Invited review: Effects of heat stress on dairy cattle welfare. Journal of Dairy Science 100, 8645–8657.
McManus, CM, Paludo, GR, Louvandini, H, Gugel, R, Sasaki, LCB and Paiva, SR 2009. Heat tolerance in Brazilian sheep: physiological and blood parameters. Tropical Animal Health Production 41, 95101.
Naas, IA, Garcia, RG and Caldara, FR 2014. Infrared thermal image for assessing animal health and welfare. Journal of Animal Behaviour and Biometeorology 2, 6672.
Nardone, A, Ronchi, B, Lacetera, N, Ranieri, MS and Bernabucci, U 2010. Effects of climate change on animal production and sustainability of livestock systems. Livestock Science 130, 5769.
Nazifi, S, Saeb, M, Rowghani, E and Kaveh, K 2003. The influences of thermal stress on serum biochemical parameters of Iranian fat-tailed sheep and their correlation with triiodothyronine (T3), thyroxine (T4) and cortisol concentrations. Comparative Clinical Pathology 12, 135139.
Okoruwa, MI 2014. Effect of heat stress on thermoregulatory, live bodyweight and physiological responses of dwarf goats in southern Nigeria. European Science Journal 10, 255264.
Pereira, AM, Baccari, F, Titto, EA and Almeida, JA 2008. Effect of thermal stress on physiological parameters, feed intake and plasma thyroid hormones concentration in Alentejana, Mertolenga, Frisian and Limousine cattle breeds. International Journal of Biometeorology 52, 199208.
Pragna, P, Sejian, V, Soren, NM, Bagath, M, Krishnan, G, Beena, V, Devi, PI and Bhatta, R 2018. Summer season induced rhythmic alterations in metabolic activities to adapt to heat stress in three indigenous (Osmanabadi, Malabari and Salem Black) goat breeds. Biological Rhythm Research 49, 551565.
Provolo, G and Riva, E 2009. One year study of lying and standing behaviour of dairy cows in a frestall barn in Italy. Journal of Agricultural Engineering 40, 2733.
Rana, MS, Hashem, MA, Sakib, MN and Kumar, A 2014. Effect of heat stress on blood parameters in indigenous sheep. Journal of Bangladesh Agriculture 12, 9194.
Rathwa, SD, Vasava, AA, Pathan, MM, Madhira, SP, Patel, YG and Pande, AM 2017. Effect of season on physiological, biochemical, hormonal, and oxidative stress parameters of indigenous sheep. Veterinary World 10, 650654.
Renaudeau, D, Collin, A, Yahav, S, de Basilio, V, Gourdine, JL and Collier, RJ 2012. Adaptation to hot climate and strategies to alleviate heat stress in livestock production. Animal 6, 707728.
Rhoads, ML, Rhoads, RP, VanBaale, MJ, Collier, RJ, Sanders, SR, Weber, WJ, Crooker, BA and Baumgard, LH 2009. Effects of heat stress and plane of nutrition on lactating Holstein cows: I. Production, metabolism, and aspects of circulating somatotropin. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 19861997.
Rimoldi, S, Lasagna, E, Sarti, FM, Marelli, SP, Cozzi, MC, Bernardini, G and Terova, G 2015. Expression profile of six stress-related genes and productive performances of fast and slow growing broiler strains reared under heat stress conditions. Meta Gene 6, 1725.
Rojas-Downing, MM, Nejadhashem, AP, Harrigan, T and Woznicki, SA 2017. Climate change and livestock: impacts, adaptation, and mitigation. Climate Risk Management 16, 145163.
Scholtz, MM, van Zyl, JP and Theunissen, A 2014. The effect of epigenetic changes on animal production. Applied Animal Husbandry & Rural Development 7, 710.
Sejian, V, Kumar, D and Naqvi, SMK 2017. Physiological rhythmicity in Malpura ewes to adapt to cold stress in a semi-arid tropical environment. Biological Rhythm Research 9, 215225.
Sejian, V, Maurya, VP, Kumar, K and Naqvi, SMK 2013. Effect of multiple stresses (thermal, nutritional and walking stress) on growth, physiological response, blood biochemical and endocrine responses in Malpura ewes under semi-arid tropical environment. Tropical Animal Health and Production 45, 107116.
Sharma, AK and Kataria, N 2011. Effects of extreme hot climate on liver and serum enzymes in Marwari goats. Indian Journal of Animal Science 81, 293295.
Shehab-El-Deen, MA, Leroy, JL, Fadel, MS, Saleh, SY, Maes, D and Van Soom, A 2010. Biochemical changes in the follicular fluid of the dominant follicle of high producing dairy cows exposed to heat stress early post-partum. Animal Reproduction Science 117, 189200.
Shilja S, Sejian V, Bagath M, Manjunathareddy GB, Kurien EK, Varma G and Bhatta R 2017. Summer season related heat and nutritional stresses on the adaptive capability of goats basedon blood biochemical response and hepatic HSP70 gene expression. Biological Rhythms Research 48, 65–83.
Shilja, S, Sejian, V, Bagath, M, Mech, A, David, CG, Kurien, EK, Varma, G and Bhatta, R 2016. Adaptive capability as indicated by behavioural and physiological responses, plasma HSP70 level, and PBMC HSP70 mRNA expression in Osmanabadi goats subjected to combined (heat and nutritional) stressors. International Journal of Biometeorology 60, 13111323.
Silanikove, N 2000. The physiological basis of adaptation in goats to harsh environments. Small Ruminant Research 35, 181193.
Singh, KM, Singh, S, Ganguly, I, Nachiappan, RK, Ganguly, A, Venkataramanan, R, Chopra, A and Narula, HK 2017. Association of heat stress protein 90 and 70 gene polymorphism with adaptability traits in Indian sheep (Ovis aries). Cell Stress and Chaperones 22, 675684.
Slimen, B, Najar, T, Ghram, A and Abdrrabba, M 2016. Heat stress effects on livestock: molecular, cellular and metabolic aspects, a review. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 100, 401412.
Sonna, LA, Fujita, J, Gaffin, SL and Lilly, CM 2002. Invited review: effects of heat and cold stress on mammalian gene expression. Journal of Applied Physiology 92, 17251742.
Sophia, I, Sejian, V, Bagath, M and Bhatta, R 2016. Quantitative expression of hepatic Toll-Like Receptor 1–10 mRNA in Osmanabadi goats during different climatic stresses. Small Ruminant Research 141, 1116.
Spiers, DE, Spain, JN, Sampson, JD and Rhoads, RP 2004. Use of physiological parameters to predict milk yield and feed intake in heat-stressed dairy cows. Journal of Thermal Biology 29, 759764.
Todini, L 2007. Thyroid hormones in small ruminants: effects of endogenous, environmental and nutritional factors. Animal 1, 9971008.
Valente, ÉEL, Chizzotti, ML, Oliveira, CVR, Galvão, MC, Domingues, SS, Rodrigues, AC and Ladeira, MM 2015. Intake, physiological parameters and behavior of Angus and Nellore bulls subjected to heat stress. Semina: Ciências Agrárias 36, 45654574.
Weitzel, JM, Viergutz, T, Albrecht, D, Bruckmaier, R, Schmicke, M, Tuchscherer, A, Koch, F and Kuhla, B 2017. Hepatic thyroid signaling of heat-stressed late pregnant and early lactating cows. Journal of Endocrinology 234, 129141.
Wojtas K, Cwynar P and Kolacz R 2014. Effect of thermal stress on physiological and blood parameters in merino sheep. Bulletin of the Veterinary Institute in Pulawy 58, 283–288.
Yadav, VP, Dangi, SS, Chouhan, VS, Gupta, M, Dangi, SK, Singh, G, Maurya, VP, Kumar, P and Sarkar, M 2016. Expression analysis of NOS family and HSP genes during thermal stress in goat (Capra hircus). International Journal of Biometeorology 60, 381389.
Zhang, H, Yin, M, Huang, L, Wang, J, Gong, L, Liu, J and Sun, B 2017. Evaluation of the cellular and animal models for the study of antioxidant activity: a review. Journal of Food Science 82, 278288.

Keywords

Review: Adaptation of animals to heat stress

  • V. Sejian (a1), R. Bhatta (a1), J. B. Gaughan (a2), F. R. Dunshea (a3) and N. Lacetera (a4)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed