Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Relation between feeding behaviour and energy metabolism in pigs fed diets enriched in dietary fibre and wheat aleurone

  • K. Quemeneur (a1) (a2), L. Montagne (a1), M. Le Gall (a2), Y. Lechevestrier (a2) and E. Labussiere (a1)...

Abstract

Feed intake and its daily pattern are regulated both at a short and a long term by several control pathways, including energy balance regulation. This trial aimed to determine the effect of dietary fibre (DB) (mix of wheat, soy and sugar beet pulp fibres) and aleurone supplementation and their interaction on energy and nitrogen balances in growing pigs with ad libitum access to feed. Forty pigs (BW: 35 kg) were fed diets differing by fibre concentration (NDF concentration: 10% or 14% DM) and aleurone supplementation (0, 2 or 4 g/kg) during 3 weeks. Pigs were housed individually in a respiration chamber during the last week to record feeding behaviour and measure energy and nitrogen balances (n = 36). Glucose oxidation was studied on the 6th day with an injection of [U-13C] glucose and measurement of 13CO2 production. There was no significant interaction between DB inclusion and aleurone supplementation on any variables characterizing feeding behaviour. Pigs had less but longer meals with high level of DB, with an increased interval between two meals without effect on daily feed intake. The meal frequency significantly decreased when aleurone supplementation increased. Total tract apparent digestibility coefficient of DM, organic matter, ash, nitrogen and gross energy decreased when pigs received high DB level. Dietary fibre level increased significantly faecal excreted nitrogen. Aleurone supplementation decreased nitrogen retention. Free access to the feed induced a great individual variability not only in feed intake level (from 784 to 2290 g/day) but also in feeding behaviour (from 5.5 to 21.5 meals per day). This variability can be linked with the importance of underlying feed intake regulation pathways and difference in energy balance and metabolism efficiency. Several profiles of metabolism efficiency can be discriminate, thanks to a clustering based on feeding behaviour and pre-prandial concentrations of metabolites and hormones. In conclusion, DB inclusion decreased meal frequency, increased average meal size, decreased total tract apparent faecal digestibility coefficient of nitrogen and gross energy. Supplementation of aleurone decreased average daily feed intake with a reduction of the meal number per day, without modification of average meal size. Aleurone supplementation decreased nitrogen retention and nutrient deposition. Independently of experimental diets, the high individual variability permitted discriminating different profiles with different metabolic strategies. Efficient pigs with a high energy retention as protein and lipid seem to be able to adapt their metabolism according to energy sources.

Copyright

Corresponding author

References

Hide All
Allen, M, Bradford, B and Oba, M 2009. Board-Invited Review: the hepatic oxidation theory of the control of feed intake and its application to ruminants. Journal of Animal Science 87, 33173334.
Andretta, I, Pomar, C, Kipper, M, Hauschild, L and Rivest, J 2016. Feeding behavior of growing–finishing pigs reared under precision feeding strategies. Journal of Animal Science 94, 30423050.
Association of Official Analytical Chemists 1990. Official methods of analysis, 15th edition. AOAC, Arlington, VA, USA.
Bach Knudsen, KE 2001. The nutritional significance of “dietary fibre” analysis. Animal Feed Science and Technology 90, 320.
Bach Knudsen, KE and Hansen, I 1991. Gastrointestinal implications in pigs of wheat and oat fractions. British Journal of Nutrition 65, 217232.
Bakare, AG, Ndou, SP and Chimonyo, M 2013. Influence of physicochemical properties of fibrous diets on behavioural reactions of individually housed pigs. Livestock Science 157, 527534.
Black, JL, Campbell, RG, Williams, IH, James, KJ and Davies, GT. 1986. Simulation of energy and protein utilization in the pig. Research and Development in Agriculture 3, 121145.
Brouwer, E 1965. Report of sub-committee on constants and factors. In Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium on Energy Metabolism of Farm Animals, May 1964, Troon, Scottland, pp. 441–443.
Chabeauti, E, Noblet, J and Carré, B 1991. Digestion of plant cell walls from four different sources in growing pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 32, 207213.
Cohn, C, Joseph, D and Allweiss, MD 1962. Nutritional effects of feeding frequency. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 11, 356361.
Cole, DJA., Hardy, B and Lewis, D 1971. Nutrient density of pig diets. In Pig production proceedings, 18th edition. (ed. Cole, DJA), pp. 243257. Pennsylvania State University Press, Pennsylvania, USA.
Coma, J, Carrion, D and Zimmerman, D 1995. Use of plasma urea nitrogen as a rapid response criterion to determine the lysine requirement of pigs. Journal of Animal Science 73, 472481.
Delesalle, C Popovic, A Hespel, P de Oliveira, J Duchateau, L de Bruijn, M 2015. Effect of aleurone supplementation on postprandial glucose and insulin response in horses. Paper presented at ENUTRACO 2015, 3–7 Septembre 2015, Bingen, Germany.
Heetkamp, M, Gerrits, W, Van Knegsel, A and Van den Brand, H 2007. Comparing techniques to estimate energy expenditure on physical activity in individually housed dairy cows. European Association for Animal Production 124, 211.
Husson, F, Josse, J and Pagès, J 2010. Analyse de données avec R-Complémentarité des méthodes d’analyse factorielle et de classification. Proceedings of the 42èmes Journées de Statistique, 24-28 May 2010, Marseille, pp. 1–6.
Hyun, Y, Ellis, M, McKeith, F and Wilson, E 1997. Feed intake pattern of grouphoused growing – finishing pigs monitored using a computerized feed intake recording system. Journal of Animal Science 75, 14431451.
Jørgensen, H, Zhao, X-Q and Eggum, BO 1996. The influence of dietary fibre and environmental temperature on the development of the gastrointestinal tract, digestibility, degree of fermentation in the hind-gut and energy metabolism in pigs. British Journal of Nutrition 75, 365378.
Lawrence, B, Adeola, O and Cline, T 1994. Nitrogen utilization and lean growth performance of 20-to 50-kilogram pigs fed diets balanced for lysine: energy ratio. Journal of Animal Science 72, 28872895.
Le Bellego, L and Noblet, J 2002. Performance and utilization of dietary energy and amino acids in piglets fed low protein diets. Livestock Production Science 76, 4558.
Le Bellego, L van Milgen, J Dubois, S and Noblet, J 2001. Energy utilization of low-protein diets in growing pigs. Journal of Animal Science 79, 12591271.
Le Goff, G, Dubois, S, Van Milgen, J and Noblet, J 2002. Influence of dietary fibre level on digestive and metabolic utilisation of energy in growing and finishing pigs. Animal Research 51, 245259.
Le Goff, G and Noblet, J 2001. Comparative total tract digestibility of dietary energy and nutrients in growing pigs and adult sows. Journal of Animal Science 79, 24182427.
Li, Q and Patience, JF 2017. Factors involved in the regulation of feed and energy intake of pigs. Animal Feed Science and Technology 233, 2233.
, S, Josse, J and Husson, F 2008. FactoMineR: an R Package for multivariate analysis. Journal of Statistical Software 25, 118.
Melchior, D, Sève, B and Floc’h, L 2004. Chronic lung inflammation affects plasma amino acid concentrations in pigs 1. Journal of Animal Science 82, 10911099.
Noblet, J, Henry, Y and Dubois, S 1987. Effect of protein and lysine levels in the diet on body gain composition and energy utilization in growing pigs 1. Journal of Animal Science 65, 717726.
Noblet, J and Shi, X 1993. Comparative digestibility of energy and nutrients in growing pigs fed ad libitum and adults sows fed at maintenance. Livestock Production Science 34, 137152.
Pekas, J 1991. Digestion and absorption capacity and their development. In Swine nutrition (ed. Miller, ER, Ullrey, DE and Lewis, AJ), pp. 3773. Butterworth-Heinemann, Boston, MA, USA.
Prosky, L, Asp, N, Furda, I, DeVries, J, Schweizer, T and Harland, B 1985. Determination of total dietary fiber in foods and food products: collaborative study. Journal Association of Official Analytical Chemists 68, 677679.
Prosky, L, Asp, N, Schweizer, T, DeVries, J and Furda, I 1992. Determination of insoluble and soluble dietary fiber in foods and food products: collaborative study. Journal Association of Official Analytical Chemists 75, 360367.
Quemeneur, K, Labussiere, E, Le Gall, M, Lechverstrier, Y and Montagne, L 2019. Feeding behaviour and pre-prandial status affect post-prandial plasma energy metabolites and insulin kinetics in growing pigs fed diets differing in fibre concentration. British Journal of Nutrition 121, 625636.
Quiniou, N and Noblet, J 2012. Effect of the dietary net energy concentration on feed intake and performance of growing-finishing pigs housed individually. Journal of Animal Science 90, 43624372.
Rijnen, MMJA, Verstegen, MWA, Heetkamp, MJW, Haaksma, J and Schrama, JJW 2003. Effects of dietary fermentable carbohydrates on behavior and heat production in group-housed sows. Journal of Animal Science 81, 182190.
Sharma, V, Young, L, Brown, R, Buchanan-Smith, J and Smith, G 1973. Effects of frequency of feeding on energy metabolism and body composition of young pigs. Canadian Journal of Animal Science 53, 157164.
Stein, HH and Easter, RA 1996. Dietary energy concentration effects carcass leanness in finishing hogs. In Swine research reports, pp. 4148. University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign, IL, USA.
Wu, H and Wu, DY 1950. Influence of feeding schedule on nitrogen utilization and excretion. Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 74, 7882.
Wu, Z, Li, D, Ma, Y, Yu, Y and Noblet, J 2007. Evaluation of energy systems in determining the energy cost of gain of growing-finishing pigs fed diets containing different levels of dietary fat. Archives of Animal Nutrition 61, 19.
van Klinken, JB, van den Berg, SA and Willems van Dijk, K 2013. Practical aspects of estimating energy components in rodents. Frontiers in Physiology 4, 116.
van Klinken, JB, van den Berg, SA, Havekes, LM and Van Dijk, KW 2012. Estimation of activity related energy expenditure and resting metabolic rate in freely moving mice from indirect calorimetry data. PLoS ONE 7, e36162.
van Milgen, J, Noblet, J, Dubois, S and Bernier, J-F 1997. Dynamic aspects of oxygen consumption and carbon dioxide production in swine. British Journal of Nutrition 78, 397410.
van Soest, PV, Robertson, J and Lewis, B 1991. Methods for dietary fiber, neutral detergent fiber, and nonstarch polysaccharides in relation to animal nutrition. Journal of Dairy Science 74, 35833597.

Keywords

Type Description Title
WORD
Supplementary materials

Quemeneur et al. supplementary material
Quemeneur et al. supplementary material

 Word (22 KB)
22 KB

Relation between feeding behaviour and energy metabolism in pigs fed diets enriched in dietary fibre and wheat aleurone

  • K. Quemeneur (a1) (a2), L. Montagne (a1), M. Le Gall (a2), Y. Lechevestrier (a2) and E. Labussiere (a1)...

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed