Skip to main content Accessibility help

Growth performance, carcass and noncarcass traits and meat quality of Barbarine lambs fed rosemary distillation residues

  • Y. Yagoubi (a1) (a2), H. Hajji (a1) (a2), S. Smeti (a1), M. Mahouachi (a3), M. Kamoun (a4) and N. Atti (a1)...


The aim of this experiment was to study the effect of total replacement of oat hay by rosemary distillation residues (RR) on growth, carcass characteristics and meat quality of Barbarine lambs. A total of 21 lambs were divided into three groups. The control group (C) was offered 600 g of oat hay; the RR87 and RR60 groups received 600 g of pellets containing 87% and 60% of RR, respectively. The CP content was 9% and 14% for RR87 and RR60, respectively. All animals were supplemented by 600 g of concentrate. After 77 days of fattening, lambs were slaughtered. The DM and CP intakes were significantly increased with RR diets. The average daily gain was higher (P<0.001), while the feed conversion rate was lower for RR60 and RR87 than C group. The dressing percentage was similar for all groups. The tissular (muscle, fat and bone) and the regional (leg, shoulder, etc.) carcass composition did not differ among groups. The bony organs and gut weights were similar among groups, while functional ones (skin, liver, kidney and testicles) were significantly heavier for both RR groups than control. The ultimate pH, water cooking loss and color variables were similar among groups and the chemical composition (protein, fat, myoglobin, collagen and iron) did not differ also among groups. These results revealed the opportunity of RR use in fattening lambs without adverse effects on carcass and meat characteristics. Moreover, 9% CP in RR pellets are enough given the same growth performance recorded as that of RR with 14% CP.


Corresponding author


Hide All
Abdullah, AY and Qudsieh, RI 2008. Carcass characteristics of Awassi ram lambs slaughtered at different weights. Livestock Science 117, 165175.
APIA 2003. Overview of the sector of aromatic and medicinal plants “P.A.M” (in French). Agro-Services Final report, 122.
Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) 1990. Official methods of analysis of association of official analytical chemists, 15th edition. AOAC, Arlington, VA, USA.
Association of Official Analytical Chemists (AOAC) 1999. Official methods of analysis, 16th edition. AOAC, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Atti, N, Ben Salelm, H and Priolo, A 2003. Effects of polyethylene glycol in concentrate or feed blocks on carcass composition and offal weight of Barbarine lambs fed Acacia Cyanophylla Lindl. Foliage. Animal Research 52, 363375.
Atti, N, Bocquier, F and Khaldi, G 2004. Performance of the fat-tailed Barbarine sheep in its environment: adaptive capacity to alternation of underfeeding and re-feeding periods. A review. Animal Research 53, 165176.
Atti, N, Rouissi, H and Mahouachi, M 2004. The effect of dietary crude protein level on growth, carcass and meat composition of male goat kids in Tunisia. Small Ruminant Research 54, 7989.
Blanco, M, Jurie, C, Micol, D, Agabriel, J, Picard, B and Garcia-Launay, F 2013. Impact of animal and management factors on collagen characteristics in beef: a meta-analysis approach. Animal 7, 12081218.
Boccard, R 1963. Etude de la production de la viande chez les ovins. VIII. Note sur la relation entre l’indice de consommation et la croissance des agneaux. Annales de Zootechnie 12, 227230.
Bonnet, M and Kopp, J 1984. Dosage du collagène dans les tissus conjonctifs, la viande et les produits carnés. Cahiers Techniques, INRA 5, 1930.
Delfa, R 1992. El quinto cuarto. In ‘Clasificación de canales ovinas en la CEE’. (ed. Diputación General de Aragón, Departamento de Agricultura:Unidad de tecnologia en Produccion Animal, Servicio de investigacion agraria, Zaragoza, Espana), 91–114.
Haak, L, Raes, K, Van Dyck, S and De Smet, S 2008. Effect of dietary rosemary and alpha-tocopherol acetate on the oxidative stability of raw and cooked pork following oxidized linseed oil administration. Meat Science 78, 239247.
Hajji, H, Joy, M, Ripoll, G, Smeti, S, Mekki, I, Molino Gahete, F, Mahouachi, M and Atti, N 2016a. Meat physicochemical properties, fatty acid profile, lipid oxidation and sensory characteristics from three North African lamb breeds as influenced by concentrate or pasture finishing diets. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 48, 102110.
Hajji, H, Smeti, S, Ben Hamouda, M and Atti, N 2016b. Effect of protein level on growth performance, non-carcass components and carcass characteristics of young sheep from three breeds. Animal Production Science 56, 21152121.
Hornsey, HC 1956. The color of cooked pork. 1. Estimation of the nitric oxid-haem pigments. Journal of Science Food and Agriculture 7, 534540.
Jordan, MJ, Monino, MI, Martinez, C, Lafuente, A and Sotomayor, JA 2010. Introduction of distillate rosemary leaves into the diet of the Murciano-Granadina Goat: transfer of polyphenolic compounds to goats’ milk and the plasma of suckling goat kids. Journal of Agriculture and Food Chemistry 58, 82658270.
Khliji, S, Van de Ven, R, Lamb, TA, Lanza, M and Hopkins, DL 2010. Relationship between consumer ranking of lamb colour and objective measures of colour. Meat Science 85, 224229.
Luciano, G, Pauselli, M, Servili, M, Mourvaki, E, Serra, A, Monahan, FJ, Lanza, M, Priolo, A and Mele, M 2013. Dietary olive cake reduces the oxidation of lipids including cholesterol, in lamb meat enriched in polyunsaturated fatty acids. Meat Science 93, 703714.
Majdoub-Mathlouthi, L, Said, B and Kraiem, K 2015. Carcass traits and meat fatty acid composition of Barbarine lambs reared on rangelands or indoors on hay and concentrate. Animal 9, 20652071.
Majdoub-Mathlouthi, L, Saïd, B, Say, A and Kraiem, K 2013. Effect of concentrate level and slaughter body weight on growth performances carcass traits and meat quality of Barbarine lambs fed oat hay based diet. Meat Science 93, 557563.
Murphy, TA, Loerch, SC, McClure, KE and Solomon, MB 1994. Effects of restricted feeding on growth performance and carcass composition of lambs. Journal of Animal Science 72, 31313137.
Obeidat, BS, Mahmoud, KZ, Maswadeh, JA and Bsoul, EY 2016. Effects of feeding Atriplexhalimus L. on growth performance and carcass characteristics of fattening Awassi lambs. Small Ruminant Research 137, 6570.
SAS 2004. SAS Institute Inc. 2004. SAS/STAT® 9.1 User’s Guide. Cary, NC: USA.
Serrano, E, Prache, S, Chauveau-Duriot, B, Agabriel, J and Micol, D 2007. Traceability of grass-feeding in young beef using carotenoid pigments in plasma and adipose tissue. Animal Science 82, 909918.
Smeti, S, Atti, N, Mahouachi, M and Munoz, F 2013. Use of dietary rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis L.) essential oils to increase the shelf life of Barbarine light lamb meat. Small Ruminant Research 113, 340345.
Thériez, M, Touraine, B, Vigneron, P and Prud’hon, M 1992. Effects of indoor or outdoor rearing on the chemical composition of lambs. Animal Production 54, 389393.


Growth performance, carcass and noncarcass traits and meat quality of Barbarine lambs fed rosemary distillation residues

  • Y. Yagoubi (a1) (a2), H. Hajji (a1) (a2), S. Smeti (a1), M. Mahouachi (a3), M. Kamoun (a4) and N. Atti (a1)...


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed