Abdeltawwab, M, H. Ahmad, M, Khattab, Y and Shalaby, A 2010. Effect of dietary protein level, initial body weight, and their interaction on the growth, feed utilization, and physiological alterations of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.). Aquaculture 298, 267–274.
Auldist, MJ and Hubble, IB 1998. Effects of mastitis on raw milk and dairy products. Australian Journal of Dairy Technology 53, 28–36.
Batistel, F, Arroyo, J, Garces, CIM, Trevisi, E, Parys, C, Ballou, M, Cardoso, FC and Loor, J 2018. Ethyl-cellulose rumen-protected methionine alleviates inflammation and oxidative stress and improves neutrophil function during the periparturient period and early lactation in Holstein dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 101, 480–490.
Bertoni, G, Minuti, A and Trevisi, E 2015. Immune system, inflammation and nutrition in dairy cattle. Animal Production Science 55, 943–948.
Bionaz, M, Trevisi, E, Calamari, L, Librandi, F, Ferrari, A and Bertoni, G 2007. Plasma paraoxonase, health, inflammatory conditions, and liver function in transition dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 90, 1740–1750.
Bradford, BJ, Mamedova, LK, Minton, JE, Drouillard, JS and Johnson, BJ 2009. Daily injection of tumor necrosis factor-α increases hepatic triglycerides and alters transcript abundance of metabolic genes in lactating dairy cattle. The Journal of Nutrition 139, 1451–1456.
Cao, W, Xiao, L, Liu, G, Fang, T, Wu, X, Jia, G, Zhao, H, Chen, X, Wu, C and Cai, J 2016. Dietary arginine and N-carbamylglutamate supplementation enhances the antioxidant statuses of the liver and plasma against oxidative stress in rats. Food & Function 7, 2303–2311.
Ding, L, Chen, L, Wang, M, Zhang, J, Loor, J, Zhou, G, Zhang, X and Wang, H 2018. Inhibition of arginase via jugular infusion of Nω-hydroxy-nor-l-arginine inhibits casein synthesis in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 101, 3514–3523.
Ding, L, Shen, Y, Wang, Y, Zhou, G, Zhang, X, Wang, M, Loor, JJ, Chen, L and Zhang, J 2019a. Jugular arginine supplementation increases lactation performance and nitrogen utilization efficiency in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Animal Science and Biotechnology 10, 3.
Ding, L, Wang, Y, Shen, Y, Zhou, G, Zhang, X, Wang, M, Loor, J and Zhang, J 2019b. Effects of arginase inhibition via jugular infusion of Nω-hydroxy-nor-l-arginine on metabolic and immune indices in lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 102, 3310–3320.
Favero, SD, Roschel, H, Solis, MY, Hayashi, AP, Artioli, GG, Otaduy, MC, Benatti, FB, Harris, RC, Wise, JA and Leite, CC 2012. Beta-alanine (Carnosyn™) supplementation in elderly subjects (60–80 years): effects on muscle carnosine content and physical capacity. Amino Acids 43, 49–56.
Field, CJ, Johnson, IR and Schley, PD 2002. Nutrients and their role in host resistance to infection. Journal of Leukocyte Biology 71, 16–32.
Grossi, P, Bertoni, G, Cappelli, FP and Trevisi, E 2013. Effects of the precalving administration of omega-3 fatty acids alone or in combination with acetylsalicylic acid in periparturient dairy cows. Journal of Animal Science 91, 2657–2666.
Grummer, RR 2008. Nutritional and management strategies for the prevention of fatty liver in dairy cattle. Veterinary Journal 176, 10–20.
Guzik, TJ, Korbut, R and Adamek-Guzik, T 2003. Nitric oxide and superoxide in inflammation and immune regulation. Journal of Physiology & Pharmacology 54, 469–487.
Hu, S, Li, X, Rezaei, R, Meininger, CJ, Mcneal, CJ and Wu, G 2015. Safety of long-term dietary supplementation with L-arginine in pigs. Amino Acids 47, 925–936.
Jobgen, WS, Fried, SK, Fu, WJ, Meininger, CJ and Wu, G 2006. Regulatory role for the arginine–nitric oxide pathway in metabolism of energy substrates. Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry 17, 571–588.
Jr, KP 2000. The metabolic pathways of high-density lipoprotein, low-density lipoprotein, and triglycerides: a current review. American Journal of Cardiology 86, 5–10.
Kahl, S, Elsasser, TH and Blum, JW 1997. Nutritional regulation of plasma tumor necrosis factor-alpha and plasma and urinary nitrite/nitrate responses to endotoxin in cattle. Society for Experimental Biology and Medicine 215, 370–376.
Koess, C and Hamann, J 2008. Detection of mastitis in the bovine mammary gland by flow cytometry at early stages. Journal of Dairy Research 75, 225–232.
Latimer, KS and Duncan, JR 2011. Duncan and prasse's veterinary laboratory medicine: clinical pathology (5th ed). John Wiley & Sons Incorporated, Press, Hoboken, US.
Leitner, G, Merin, U and Silanikove, N 2011. Effects of glandular bacterial infection and stage of lactation on milk clotting parameters: comparison among cows, goats and sheep. International Dairy Journal 21, 279–285.
Li, Q, Liu, Y, Che, Z, Zhu, H, Meng, G, Hou, Y, Ding, B, Yin, Y and Chen, F 2012. Dietary L-arginine supplementation alleviates liver injury caused by Escherichia coli LPS in weaned pigs. Innate Immunity 18, 804–814.
Li, N, Richoux, R, Perruchot, MH, Boutinaud, M, Mayol, JF and Gagnaire, V 2015. Flow cytometry approach to quantify the viability of milk somatic cell counts after various physico-chemical treatments. PLoS ONE 10, e0146071.
Li, P, Yin, YL, Li, D, Kim, SW and Wu, S 2007. Amino acids and immune function. British Journal of Nutrition 98, 237–252.
Loor, JJ, Massimo, B and Drackley, JK 2013. Systems physiology in dairy cattle: nutritional genomics and beyond. Annual Review of Animal Bioscience 1, 365–392.
Malavé, I and Layrisse, M 1976. Immune response in malnutrition. Differential effect of dietary protein restriction on the IgM and IgG response to alloantigens. Cellular Immunology 21, 337–343.
Marija, K, Arie, H and Jeffrey, B 2011. Body condition scoring of dairy cows. University of Ljuljana Press, Ljuljana, Slovenia.
Méndez, JD and Balderas, F 2001. Regulation of hyperglycemia and dyslipidemia by exogenous L-arginine in diabetic rats. Biochimie 83, 453–458.
Moinard, C, Cynober, L and Bandt, JPD 2005. Polyamines: metabolism and implications in human diseases. Clinical Nutrition 24, 184–197.
Nikolic, J, Stojanovic, I and Pavlovic, R 2007. The role of L-arginine in toxic liver failure: interrelation of arginase, polyamine catabolic enzymes and nitric oxide synthase. Amino Acids 32, 127–131.
Piepers, S, De Vliegher, S, Demeyere, K, Lambrecht, BN, de Kruif, A, Meyer, E and Opsomer, G 2009. Technical note: flow cytometric identification of bovine milk neutrophils and simultaneous quantification of their viability. Journal of Dairy Science 92, 626–631.
Ren, W, Jie, Y, Wu, M, Gang, L, Guan, Y, Yan, X, Su, D, Li, W, Li, T and Shuai, C 2014. Serum amino acids profile and the beneficial effects of L-arginine or L-glutamine supplementation in dextran sulfate sodium colitis. PLoS ONE 9, e88335.
Sordillo, LM and Aitken, SL 2009. Impact of oxidative stress on the health and immune function of dairy cattle. Veterinary Immunology & Immunopathology 128, 104–109.
Strzałkowska, N, Józ´Wik, A, Bagnicka, E, KrzyżEwski, J and Horban´Czuk, JO 2009. Studies upon genetic and environmental factors affecting the cholesterol content of cow milk. I. Relationship between the polymorphic form of beta-lactoglobulin, somatic cell count, cow age and stage of lactation and cholesterol content of milk. Animal Science Papers & Reports 27, 95–103.
Tan, B, Li, XG, Kong, XF, Huang, RL, Zheng, R, Yao, K, Deng, ZY, Xie, MY, Shinzato, I and Yin, YL 2009. Dietary L-arginine supplementation enhances the immune status in early-weaned piglets. Amino Acids 37, 323–331.
Tan, J, Liu, S, Guo, Y, Applegate, TJ and Eicher, SD 2014. Dietary l-arginine supplementation attenuates lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammatory response in broiler chickens. British Journal of Nutrition 111, 1394–1404.
Trevisi, E, Moscati, L and Amadori, M 2016. Disease-predicting and prognostic potential of innate immune responses to noninfectious stressors: human and animal models. Elsevier Inc. Press, London, UK.
Vishal, B and Ochoa, JB 2003. Arginine availability, arginase, and the immune response. Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care 6, 223–228.
Wang, M, Xu, B, Wang, H, Bu, D, Wang, J and Loor, JJ 2014. Effects of arginine concentration on the in vitro expression of Casein and mTOR pathway related genes in mammary epithelial cells from dairy cattle. PLoS ONE 9, e95985.
Williams, E 1949. Experimental designs balanced for the estimation of residual effects of treatments. Australian Journal of Scientific Research 2, 149–168.
Zhao, FF, Wu, TY, Wang, HR, Ding, LY, Ahmed, G, Li, HW, Tian, W and Shen, YZ 2018. Jugular arginine infusion relieves lipopolysaccharide-triggered inflammatory stress and improves immunity status of lactating dairy cows. Journal of Dairy Science 101, 5961–5970.