Abegaz, A, van Keulen, H and Oosting, SJ
2007. Feed resources, livestock production and soil carbon dynamics in Teghane, Northern Highlands of Ethiopia. Agricultural Systems
2007. Village poultry in Ethiopia. PhD, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
2013. Enhancing food security in northern Ghana through smallholder small ruminant production. PhD, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
Amankwah, K, Klerkx, L, Oosting, SJ, Sakyi-Dawson, O, van der Zijpp, AJ and Millar, D
2012. Diagnosing constraints to market participation of small ruminant producers in northern Ghana: an innovation systems analysis. NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
Ayantunde, A, de Leeuw, J, Turner, MD, Said, M
2011. Challenges of assessing the sustainability of (agro)-pastoral systems. Livestock Science
Baltenweck, I, Ouma, R, Anunda, F, Mwai, O and Romney, D
2004. Artificial or natural insemination: the demand for breeding services by smallholders. Proceedings of 9th KARI Biennial Scientific Conference and Research week. 8 to 12 November, Nairobi, Kenya, pp. 1−11.
2008. Smallholder market participation: concepts and evidence from eastern and southern Africa. Food Policy
2008. Dairy heifer rearing under increasing intensification of smallholder dairy systems in the Kenya highlands. Livestock Research for Rural Development
20. article no. 23.
Bebe, BO, Udo, HMJ and Thorpe, W
2002. Development of smallholder dairy systems in the Kenya highlands. Outlook on Agriculture
Bebe, BO, Udo, HMJ, Rowlands, GJ and Thorpe, W
2003a. Smallholder dairy systems in the Kenya highlands: breed preferences and breeding practices. Livestock Production Science
Bebe, BO, Udo, HMJ, Rowlands, GJ and Thorpe, W
2003b. Smallholder dairy systems in the Kenya highlands: cattle population dynamics under increasing intensification. Livestock Production Science
Bernard, T and Spielman, DJ
2009. Reaching the rural poor through rural producer organizations? A study of agricultural marketing cooperatives in Ethiopia. Food Policy
Bosman, HG, Ayeni, AO and Koper-Limbourg, HAG
1996. Farmers’ response to a package of innovations in goat production in south-west Nigeria. Tropical Science
Budisatria, IGS, Udo, HMJ, CHAM, Eilers and van der Zijpp, AJ
2007. Dynamics of small ruminant production: a case study of central Java, Indonesia. Outlook on Agriculture
Candler, W and Kumar, N
1998. India: the dairy revolution. The impact of dairy development in India and the World Bank’s contribution. The World Bank, Washington, DC, USA.
Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux (ARC)
1980. The nutrient requirements of ruminant livestock. Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux, Slough, UK.
Dahl, G and Hjort, A
1976. Having herds. Pastoral herd growth and household economy. Department of Social Anthropology, University of Stockholm, Sweden.
De Haan, C, Steinfeld, S and Blackburn, H
1997. Livestock & the environment. Finding a balance. Food and Agriculture Organisation, Rome, Italy.
De Haas, Y, Calus, M, Mulder, H, de Haan, M, Bannink, A, Dijkstra, J, Windig, J and Veerkamp, R
2011. Gensignalen voor voerefficiëntie en methaanemissie. Rapport 450. Wageningen UR Livestock Research, Lelystad, the Netherlands.
De Jong, R
1996. Dairy stock development and milk production with smallholders. PhD, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
De Vries, M and de Boer, IJM
2009. Comparing environmental impacts of livestock products: a review of life cycle assessments. Livestock Science
Dieye, PN, Duteutre, G, Cuzon, J-R and Dia, D
2007. Livestock, liberalization and trade negotiations in West Africa. Outlook on Agriculture
Dorward, A, Anderson, S, Nava, Y, Pattison, J, Paz, R, Rushton, J and Sanchez Vera, E
2009. Hanging in, stepping up and stepping out: livelihood aspirations and strategies of the poor. Development in Practice
Doumbia, D, van Paassen, A, Oosting, SJ and van der Zijpp, AJ
2012. Livestock in the rice-based economy of Office du Niger: the development potential for increased crop-livestock integration through multi-actor processes. NJAS Wageningen Journal of Life Sciences
Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
2006. Livestock’s long shadow. Environmental issues and options. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy.
2009. The state of food and agriculture – livestock in the balance. Food and Agriculture Organization, Rome, Italy.
Frisch, JE and Vercoe, JE
1978. Utilizing breed differences in growth of cattle in the tropics. World Animal Review
Gerber, P, Chilondra, P, Franceschini, G and Menzi, H
2005. Geographical determinants and environmental implications of livestock production intensification in Asia. Bioresource Technology
Gerber, P, Vellinga, T, Opio, C and Steinfeld, H
2011. Productivity gains and greenhouse gas emissions intensity in dairy systems. Livestock Science
Gildemacher, PR, Kaguongo, W, Ortiz, O, Tesfaye, A, Woldegiorgis, G, Wagoire, WW, Kakuhenzire, R, Kinyae, PM, Nyongesa, M and Struik, PC
2009. Improving potato production in Kenya, Uganda and Ethiopia: a system diagnosis. Potato Research
1988. Role of livestock on mixed smallholder farms in the Ethiopian highlands. A case study from the Baso and Worena Wereda near Debre Berhan. PhD, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
1968. The tragedy of the commons. Science
Herrero, M, Grace, D, Njuki, J, Johnson, N, Enahoro, D, Silvestri, S and Rufino, MC
2013. The roles of livestock in developing countries. Animal
Herrero, M, Gerber, P, Vellinga, T, Garnett, T, Leip, A, Opio, C, Westhoek, HJ, Thornton, PK, Olesen, J, Hutchings, N, Montgomery, H, Soussana, J-F, Steinfeld, H and McAllister, TA
2011. Livestock and greenhouse gas emissions: the importance of getting the numbers right. Animal Feed Science and Technology
Herrero, M, Thornton, PK, Notenbaert, AM, Wood, S, Msangi, S, Freeman, HA, Bossio, D, Dixon, J, Peters, M, van de Steeg, J, Lynam, J, Parthasarathy Rao, P, Macmillan, S, Gerard, B, McDermott, J, Seré, C and Rosegrant, M
2010. Smart investments in sustainable food production: revisiting mixed crop-livestock systems. Science
Hounkonnou, D, Kossou, D, Kuyper, TW, Leeuwis, C, Nederlof, ES, Röling, N, Sakyi-Dawson, O, Traoré, M and van Huis, A
2012. An innovation systems approach to institutional change: smallholder development in West Africa. Agricultural Systems
Hristov, AN, Oh, J, Lee, C, Meinen, R, Montes, F, Ott, T, Firkins, J, Rotz, A, Dell, C, Adesogan, A, Yang, W, Tricarico, J, Kebreab, E, Waghorn, G, Dijkstra, J and Oosting, SJ
2013. Mitigation of greenhouse gas emissions in livestock production – a review of technical options for non-CO2 emissions. In FAO animal production and health paper No. 177. FAO, Rome, Italy.
Jayne, TS, Mather, D and Mghenyi, E
2010. Principal challenges confronting smallholder agriculture in Sub-Saharan Africa. World Development
Jones, RJ and Sandland, RL
1974. The relation between animal gain and stocking rate − derivation of the relation from the results of grazing trials. The Journal of Agricultural Science
Kemp, DR and Michalk, DL
2007. Towards sustainable grassland and livestock management. Journal of Agricultural Science
Ketelaars, JJMH and Tolkamp, BJ
1992. Towards a new theory of feed intake regulation in ruminants. 1. Causes of differences in voluntary intake: critique of current views. Livestock Production Science
2013. Unravelling the role of intervention intermediaries in smallholder agricultural development: case studies from Kenya. PhD, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
Kimani, K and Pickard, J
1998. Recent trends and implications of group ranch sub-division and fragmentation in Kajiado district, Kenya. Geographical Journal
2004. Biological robustness. Nature Review Genetics
Mahama, EA, Andah, EK, Amegashie, DPK and Mensah-Bonsu, A
2013. Break even analysis of broiler production in the Accra-Tema and Kumashi areas. Proceedings 1st International Interdisciplinary Conference, 24 to 26 April, Azores, Portugal. Retrieved September 27, 2013, from http://eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/1492
McCabe, JT, Leslie, PW and DeLuca, L
2010. Adopting cultivation to remain pastoralists: the diversification of Maasai livelihoods in Northern Tanzania. Human Ecology
McDermott, JJ, Staal, SJ, Freeman, HA, Herrero, M and van der Steeg, JA
2010. Sustaining intensification of smallholder livestock systems in the tropics. Livestock Science
Mekoya, A, Oosting, SJ, Fernandez-Rivera, S and van der Zijpp, AJ
2008. Farmers’ perceptions about exotic multipurpose fodder trees and constraints to their adoption. Agroforestry Systems
2005. Costs and benefits of livestock systems and the role of market and non-market relationships. Agricultural Economics
Omiti, JM, Otieno, DJ, Nyanamba, TO and McCullough, E
2009. Factors influencing the intensity of market participation by smallholder farmers: a case study of rural and peri-urban areas of Kenya. Afjare
Omiti, JM, Wanyoike, F, Staal, S, Delgado, C and Njoroge, L
2006. Will small-scale dairy producers in Kenya disappear due to economics of scale in production? Contributed paper prepared for presentation at the International Association of Agricultural Economists Conference, 12 to 18 August, Gold Coast, Australia, Retrieved October 1, 2013, http://ageconsearch.umn.edu/bitstream/25674/1/cp060516.pdf
Omore, A, Kurwijila, L and Grace, D
2009. Improving livelihoods in East Africa through livestock research and extension: reflections on changes from the 1950s to the early twenty first century. Tropical Animal Health and Production
Onono, JO, Wieland, B and Rushton, J
2012. Productivity in different cattle production systems in Kenya. Tropical Animal Health and Production
1993. Wheat straw as ruminant feed. Effect of supplementation and ammonia treatment on voluntary intake and nutrient availability. PhD, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
Oosting, SJ, Boekholt, HA, Los, MHM and Leffering, CP
1993. Intake and utilization of energy from ammonia treated and untreated wheat straw by steers and wether sheep fed a basal ration of grass pellets and hay. Animal Production
Oosting, SJ, Mekoya, A, Fernandez-Rivera, S and van der Zijpp, AJ
Sesbania sesban as a fodder tree in Ethiopian livestock farming systems: feeding practices and farmers’ perceptions of feeding effects on sheep performance. Livestock Science
Pica-Ciamarra, U and Otte, J
2011. The ‘livestock revolution’: rhetoric and reality. Outlook on Agriculture
Poole, ND, Chitundu, M and Msoni, R
2013. Commercialisation: a meta-approach for agricultural development among smallholder farmers in Africa?
Roy, S and Rangnekar, DV
2006. Farmer adoption of urea treatment of cereal straws for feeding of dairy animals: a success in Mithala milkshed, India. Livestock Research for Rural Development
18. article no. 8.
2008. Quantifying the contribution of crop-livestock integration to African farming. PhD, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
Samdup, T, Udo, HMJ, CAHM, Eilers, Ibrahim, MNM and van der Zijpp, AJ
2010. Crossbreeding and intensification of smallholder crop–cattle farming systems in Bhutan. Livestock Science
Sarnklong, C, Cone, JW, Pellikaan, W and Hendriks, W
2010. Utilization of rice straw and different treatments to improve its feed value for ruminants: a review. Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
1995. Cattle, straw and system control: a study of straw feeding systems. PhD, Wageningen University, Wageningen, the Netherlands.
Schiere, JB and van der Hoek, R
2001. Livestock keeping in urban areas. A review of traditional technologies based on literature and field experience. FAO animal production and health paper No. 151. FAO, Rome, Italy.
2009. Understanding socio-economic dynamic of Maasai pastoralists under changing ecological and policy environment in Tanzania. Thesis, Animal Production Systems Group, Wageningen University, the Netherlands.
Seré, C, van der Zijpp, AJ, Persley, G and Rege, E
2008. Dynamics of livestock production systems, drivers of change and prospects for animal genetic resources. Animal Genetic Resources Information
Sharma, VP, Staal, S, Delgado, C and Singh, RV
2003. Policy, technical, and environmental determinants and implications of the scaling-up of milk production in India. Annex III. Research Report of IFPRI-FAO. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington DC.
2002. The logic of fodder legumes in Africa. Food Policy
Sumberg, J and Lankoandé, GD
2013. Heifer-in-trust, social protection and graduation: conceptual issues and research questions. Development Policy Review
Ten Napel, J, van der Veen, AA, Oosting, SJ and Groot Koerkamp, PWG
2011. A conceptual approach to design livestock production systems for robustness to enhance sustainability. Livestock Science
Tittonell, P, Muriuki, A, Shepherd, KD, Mugendi, D, Kaizzi, KC, Okeyo, J, Verchot, L, Coe, R and Vanlauwe, B
2010. The diversity of rural livelihoods and their influence on soil fertility in agricultural systems of East Africa – a typology of smallholder farms. Agricultural Systems
Udo, HMJ, Aklilu, HA, Phong, LT, Bosma, RH, Budisatria, IGS, Patil, BR, Samdup, T and Bebe, BO
2011. Impact of intensification of different types of livestock production in smallholder crop-livestock systems. Livestock Science
Van Mierlo, B, Regeer, B, van Amstel, M, Arkesteijn, M, Beekman, V, Bunders, J, de Cock Buning, T, Elzen, B, Hoes, A-C and Leewis, C
2010. Reflexive monitoring in action. A guide for monitoring system innovation projects. Communication and innovation studies Wageningen University. Athena Institute Free University, Amsterdam, the Netherlands.
2000. One hundred years of herd improvement and farm management systems in New Zealand 1900-2000. Livestock Improvement Corporation, Hamilton, New Zealand.
2009. Awakening Africa’s sleeping giant: prospects for commercial agriculture in the Guinea savannah zone and beyond
World Bank, Washington, DC. Retrieved August 18, 2013, from http://siteresources.worldbank.org/INTARD/Resources/sleeping_giant.pdf
Zemmelink, G, Ifar, S and Oosting, SJ
2003. Optimum utilization of feed resources: model studies and farmers’ practices in two villages in East Java, Indonesia. Agricultural Systems