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Digestion of fatty acids in ruminants: a meta-analysis of flows and variation factors: 2. C18 fatty acids

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  15 April 2008

F. Glasser
INRA, UR1213 Herbivores, Site de Theix, F-63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France
P. Schmidely
INAPG-INRA, UMR791 Physiologie de la nutrition et alimentation, 16 rue Claude Bernard, F-75231 Paris, France
D. Sauvant
INAPG-INRA, UMR791 Physiologie de la nutrition et alimentation, 16 rue Claude Bernard, F-75231 Paris, France
M. Doreau
INRA, UR1213 Herbivores, Site de Theix, F-63122 Saint-Genès-Champanelle, France
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In ruminants, dietary lipids are extensively hydrogenated by rumen micro-organisms, and the extent of this biohydrogenation is a major determinant of long-chain fatty acid profiles of animal products (milk, meat). This paper reports on the duodenal flows of C18 fatty acids and their absorption in the small intestine, using a meta-analysis of a database of 77 experiments (294 treatments). We established equations for the prediction of duodenal flows of various 18-carbon (C18) fatty acids as a function of the intakes of their precursors and other dietary factors (source and/or technological treatment of dietary lipids). We also quantified the influence of several factors modifying rumen metabolism (pH, forage : concentrate ratio, level of intake, fish oil supplementation). We established equations for the apparent absorption of these fatty acids in the small intestine as a function of their duodenal flows. For all C18 unsaturated fatty acids, apparent absorption was a linear function of duodenal flow. For 18:0, apparent absorption levelled off for high duodenal flows. From this database, with fatty acid flows expressed in g/kg dry matter intake, we could not find any significant differences between animal categories (lactating cows, other cattle or sheep) in terms of rumen metabolism or intestinal absorption of C18 fatty acids.

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