Of all the early problems of American diplomacy, few held more dangerous potentialities or proved more difficult of solution than those involving the rights and privileges of naturalized Americans when traveling or resident in foreign lands. In America, the position of such people was fairly well defined. The laws, which were brief, merely referred to them as “citizens of the United States,” the equals, in short, of the native-born in every particular save that of eligibility for the Presidency. It was when naturalized Americans entered the country to which, because of birth within its jurisdiction, they bore a different relation than did native Americans, that difficulties arose. The American Government was forced to decide whether it ; should extend to them, while they remained in such countries, the same protection granted to native Americans, or whether it should follow the practice of the English Government, which washed its hands of naturalized Englishmen the moment they entered the country of their native allegiance.