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Transport Distance and Debitage Assemblage Diversity: An Application of the Field Processing Model to Southern Utah Toolstone Procurement Sites

  • R. Kelly Beck (a1)

Abstract

Understanding the decisions made at toolstone procurement localities is critical to understanding lithic production systems. However, lithic assemblages at procurement sites are typically voluminous, frequently overlapping, and always complex. This paper explores the influence of expected toolstone transport distance on procurement site assemblage variability using a central place theory inspired model from Human Behavioral Ecology. Debitage assemblage diversity is examined for 43 sites in two procurement contexts with different expected overall transport distances. Twenty-six of these sites are from the Canyonlands region of southeastern Utah where toolstone transport distances are expected to be uniformly short; seventeen sites are from the Black Rock desert region of west-central Utah where transport distances are expected to be longer. Observed differences in debitage assemblage diversity from each procurement context are consistent with expectations derived from the model which suggests that procurement site assemblage variability is predictably affected by expected toolstone transport distance.

Résumé

Entender las decisiones tomadas en las localidades de obtención de herramientas de piedra es crítico para el entendimiento de los sistemas de producción lítica. Sin embargo, los ensambles de lítica en los lugares de obtención son típicamente voluminosos, frecuentemente se traslapan y siempre son complejos. Este artículo explora la influencia de la distancia esperada de transporte de herramientas de piedra en la variabilidad de los sitios de obtención, utilizando un modelo de la teoría de lugar central inspirado de La Ecología del Comportamiento Humano. La diversidad del ensamble de desperdicios es examinada en 43 lugares en dos contextos de obtención con diferentes distancias de transportación general esperada. Veintiséis de estos lugares son de la región de Canyonlands al Sureste de Utah, donde las distancias de transporte de herramientas de piedra se espera que sean generalmemente cortas, diecisiete lugares son de Black Rock, región desértica del centro-oeste de Utah, donde las distancias de transporte se esperan más largas. Diferencias observadas en la diversidad de ensambladura de desperdicios de cada contexto de obtención son consistentes con las expectativas derivadas del modelo, el cual sugiere que la variabilidad de ensambles en los lugares de obtención es afectada como era de esperarse por la distancia de transporte de las herramientas de piedra.

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Transport Distance and Debitage Assemblage Diversity: An Application of the Field Processing Model to Southern Utah Toolstone Procurement Sites

  • R. Kelly Beck (a1)

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